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    Ternary composite of TiO2 nanotubes/Ti plates modified by g-C3N4 and SnO2 with enhanced photocatalytic activity for enhancing antibacterial and photocatalytic activity

    , Article Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology ; Volume 178 , 2018 , Pages 124-132 ; 10111344 (ISSN) Faraji, M ; Mohaghegh, N ; Abedini, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    A series of g-C3N4-SnO2/TiO2 nanotubes/Ti plates were fabricated via simple dipping of TiO2 nanotubes/Ti in a solution containing SnCl2 and g-C3N4 nanosheets and finally annealing of the plates. Synthesized plates were characterized by various techniques. The SEM analysis revealed that the g-C3N4-SnO2 nanosheets with high physical stability have been successfully deposited onto the surface of TiO2 nanotubes/Ti plate. Photocatalytic activity was investigated using two probe chemical reactions: oxidative decomposition of acetic acid and oxidation of 2-propanol under irradiation. Antibacterial activities for Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria were also investigated in dark and under UV/Vis... 

    Metabolomics diagnostic approach to mustard airway diseases: A preliminary study

    , Article Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences ; Volume 21, Issue 1 , 2018 , Pages 59-69 ; 20083866 (ISSN) Nobakht Mothlagh Ghoochani, B. F ; Aliannejad, R ; Oskouie, A. A ; Tavirani, M. R ; Kalantari, S ; Naseri, M. T ; Baghban, A. A ; Parastar, H ; Aliakbarzadeh, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Mashhad University of Medical Sciences  2018
    Objective(s): This study aims to evaluate combined proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) metabolic profiling approaches, for discriminating between mustard airway diseases (MADs) and healthy controls and for providing biochemical information on this disease. Materials and Methods: In the present study, analysis of serum samples collected from 17 MAD subjects and 12 healthy controls was performed using NMR. Of these subjects, 14 (8 patients and 6 controls) were analyzed by GC-MS. Then, their spectral profiles were subjected to principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares regression discriminant... 

    Modified solvent microextraction with back extraction combined with liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection for the determination of citalopram in human plasma

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 610, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 211-216 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Khalilian, F ; Babanezhad, E ; Es haghi, A ; Rouini, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A modified solvent microextraction with back extraction method (SME/BE) combined with high performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection (HPLC-FD) was developed for the determination of citalopram in human plasma. Extraction process was performed in a home-made total glass vial without using a teflon ring, usually employed in SME/BE. Citalopram was first extracted from 0.5 mL of plasma, modified with sodium hydroxide, into hexane. Back extraction step was then performed into 5.2 μL of 45 mM ammonium formate solution (pH 4) using a GC microsyringe. The extract was subsequently transferred into a liner-like vial and then injected into the HPLC system. An enrichment factor of 150... 

    Multicomponent nanoparticles as means to improve anaerobic digestion performance

    , Article Chemosphere ; Volume 283 , 2021 ; 00456535 (ISSN) Baniamerian, H ; Ghofrani Isfahani, P ; Tsapekos, P ; Alvarado Morales, M ; Shahrokhi, M ; Angelidaki, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Sufficient quantity of trace metals is essential for a well performing anaerobic digestion (AD) process. Among the essential trace elements in active sites of multiple important enzymes for AD are iron and nickel ions. In the present study, iron and nickel in the form of Fe2O3 and NiO were coated on TiO2 nanoparticles to be used in batch and continuous operation mode. The effect of TiO2, Fe2O3–TiO2, and NiO–TiO2 nanoparticles on each step of AD process was assessed utilizing simple substrates (i.e. cellulose, glucose, acetic acid, and mixture of H2–CO2) as well as complex ones (i.e. municipal biopulp). The hydrolysis rate of cellulose substrate increased with higher dosages of the coated... 

    Generic extraction medium: From highly polar to non-polar simultaneous determination

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 1066 , 2019 , Pages 1-12 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Zeinali, S ; Khalilzadeh, M ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Sample preparation for non-target analysis is challenging due to the difficulty in the extraction of polar and non-polar analytes simultaneously. Most commercial solid sorbents lack the proper comprehensiveness for extraction of analytes with different physiochemical properties. A possible key is the combination of hydrophobic polymer and hydrophilic surface functional groups in solid based extraction methods in order to generate the susceptibility for retaining both polar and non-polar analytes. To pursue this goal, in this study, four polar groups including [sbnd]NH 2 , [sbnd]NO 2 , [sbnd]COOH, and [sbnd]COCH 3 were chemically bound to Amberlite XAD-4 substrate in order to prepare a... 

    Dna-Rna hybrid (R-loop): From a unified picture of the mammalian telomere to the genome-wide profile

    , Article Cells ; Volume 10, Issue 6 , 2021 ; 20734409 (ISSN) Rassoulzadegan, M ; Sharifi Zarchi, A ; Kianmehr, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2021
    Local three-stranded DNA/RNA hybrid regions of genomes (R-loops) have been detected either by binding of a monoclonal antibody (DRIP assay) or by enzymatic recognition by RNaseH. Such a structure has been postulated for mouse and human telomeres, clearly suggested by the identification of the complementary RNA Telomeric repeat-containing RNA “TERRA”. However, the tremendous disparity in the information obtained with antibody-based technology drove us to investigate a new strategy. Based on the observation that DNA/RNA hybrids in a triplex complex genome co-purify with the double-stranded chromosomal DNA fraction, we developed a direct preparative approach from total protein-free cellular... 

    Green products from herbal medicine wastes by subcritical water treatment

    , Article Journal of Hazardous Materials ; Volume 424 , 2022 ; 03043894 (ISSN) Jouyandeh, M ; Tavakoli, O ; Sarkhanpour, R ; Sajadi, S. M ; Zarrintaj, P ; Rabiee, N ; Akhavan, O ; Lima, E. C ; Saeb, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2022
    Herbal medicine wastes (HMWs) are byproducts of medicine factories, which are mainly landfilled for their environmental problems. Only bearing in mind the contamination and concerns caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and environmental emissions, the worth of herbal medicine wastes management and conversion to green products can be understood. In this work, subcritical water treatment was carried out batch-wise in a stainless tube reactor in the pressure range of 0.792–30.0 MPa, varying the temperature (127–327 °C) and time (1–60 min) of extraction. This resulted in new and green material sources, including organic acids, amino acids, and sugars. Amazingly, at very low extraction times (below 5... 

    Efficient one-pot four-component synthesis and X-ray crystallographic structure of 2-pyridone derivatives

    , Article Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry ; Volume 50, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages 1272-1280 ; 0022152X (ISSN) Balalaie, S ; Hashemi, M. M ; Khezri, S. H ; Rominger, F ; Ghabraie, E ; Oeser, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    A series of 3-cyano-2-pyridone derivatives were synthesized by one-pot four-component condensation reaction involving a benzaldehyde derivative, alkyl cyanoacetate, acyclic or cyclic ketones, and ammonium acetate in reflux condition. The X-ray structure of the products 5a and 5d confirm symmetric dimers via hydrogen bonding interactions between individual pyridine molecules showing, in addition, also π-π stacking interactions