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    Design and Fabrication of Microfluidic System to Produce Microgel for Drug Delivery Application

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shieh, Hamed (Author) ; Bastani, Dariush (Supervisor) ; Saadatmand, Maryam (Supervisor) ; Eskandari, Mahnaz (Supervisor)
    Due to the increasing need of use of drugs and insufficient efficiency of conventional methods, drug delivery systems has gathered a lot of interests. There are different systems existing for controlled drug delivery, among which is implementation of hydrogel microparticles (microgels) as carriers with high potential. The most important factor in these systems is size distribution of drug-carrying microgels and a narrow size distribution leads to a controlled and suitable release. Due to unique characteristics of microfluidic systems, significant focus has been placed on them nowadays for production of microgels with suitable morphology and narrow size distribution. Therefore, in this study... 

    Microfluidics Biological Separation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abdi, Kaveh (Author) ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar (Supervisor)
    The main goals of this research are design, simulation, and fabrication of a microfluidic system working based on dielectrophoresis. This research divided into two different parts, the first of which is the simulation of a microfluidic system, and second of which is an attempt for fabrication of microfluidic system. For the fabrication of the microfluidic system, different methods were used. In the simulation part, the enrichment of different particles was investigated, and the effects of different parameters on the enrichment were assessed. It was observed that as flow rate increases, the enrichment amount diminishes. Furthermore, as the microfluidic depth decreases, the enrichment amount... 

    Numerical and Analytical Analysis of Electroosmotic Flow of Non-Newtonian Fluids with Temperature Dependent Properties in the presence of Pressure Gradient in a Slit Micro-Channel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Babaie, Ashkan (Author) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    Recent developments in MEMS related areas have increased the demand for practical and novel pumping methods. Utilizing Electroosmotic force for flow generation in microchannels has become really popular recently, because of its reliable operation and control. One of potential applications of MEMS devices is biological and medical analysis which most samples are considered to be non-Newtonian; consequently, thermal transport characteristics of non-Newtonian electroosmotic flow of power-law fluids is investigated in this paper. In this study, thermal and hydrodynamic behavior of non-Newtonian electroosmotic flow of power-law model in a slit microchannel is analyzed. It is assumed that the flow... 

    Combined Electroosmotically and Pressure Driven Flow of Power-Law Fluids in Rectangular Microchannels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Vakili, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Mozafari, Ali Asghar (Supervisor)
    Electroosmosis is the predominant mechanism for flow generation in lab-on-a-chip devices. These microfluidic devices are microscale laboratories on a microchip that can perform clinical diagnoses. Since most biofluids encountered in these devices are considered to be non-Newtonian and the cross section of microchannels in these devices is close to a rectangular shape, In this study, the hydrodynamically and thermally fully developed combined electroosmotically and pressure driven flow of power-law fluids in rectangular microchannels is analyzed. The governing equations are first made dimensionless and then transformed into new ones based on the computational parameters which provide mesh... 

    Flow of Saliva in a Lab-on-a-chip under Electrokinetic Body Force

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zandi, Mohammad (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    The lab-on-a-chip (LOC) devices utilizing electroosmosis for flow actuation are usually encountered with non-Newtonian behavior of working fluids. Hence, studying the flow of non-Newtonian fluids under an electroosmotic body force is of high importance for accurate design and active control of these devices. In this thesis, mixed electroosmotically and pressure driven flow of salivathrough a rectangular microchannel is examined utilizing two viscoelastic constitutive equations, namely PTT and FENE-P models. Since the hydrodynamic entry length is usually negligible for microflows, a hydrodynamically developed flow is considered in the analysis. The governing equations in dimensionless form... 

    CTC Cluster Separation on Microfluidics Chip

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rostami, Peyman (Author) ; Firouzabadi, Bahar (Supervisor) ; Saidi, Mohammad Said (Supervisor)
    According to statistics in 2012, around 14 million people worldwide have cancer, and 8 million have died that year, according to estimates, this number will increase to 21 millions new cancer case and 13 million mortality in 2030. Despite years of research on cancer, many questions about the mechanism of the spread of cancer in the body remain unanswered so far. The proposed models identify that the cells isolated from the primary tumor and transmit them to the circulatory system in the form of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) or in the form of clusters as responsible for the incidence of cancer. This process is called metastasis. Recent studies have reported the high potential of metastasis... 

    Design and Fabrication of Microfluidic Chip for Selection of Functional Sperm

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadkhani, Nima (Author) ; Saadatmand, Maryam (Supervisor) ; Abdekhodaie, Mohammad Jafar (Supervisor) ; Kazemnejad, Somaieh (Co-Supervisor)
    Infertility is a growing global issue with significant psychological, economic, and social consequences, which among them, male factor infertility problems make up a considerable portion. The conventional methods of sperm separation inclusive of density-gradient centrifugation and swim-up with numerous problems contain DNA fragmentation and low yield, and both of the methods are not effective for samples with low sperm counts. Modern microfluidic systems are trying to improve this problem by increasing the quality of the isolated sperms. However, most of these systems rely solely on sperm motility as a separation mechanism, which is not a sufficient condition for the separated sperm to be... 

    Silane–based modified papers and their extractive phase roles in a microfluidic platform

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 1128 , 2020 , Pages 31-41 Hashemi Hedeshi, M ; Rezvani, O ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Herein, some (modified) paper–based substrates were prepared and utilized as extractive phases in a microfluidic device and their extraction performances examined for analytes with different polarities. Reagents including hexadecyltrimethoxysilane (HDTMS), phenyltrimethoxysilane (PTES), (3-aminopropyl) triethoxysilane (APTES) and 3–(2,3–epoxypropoxy) propyltrimethoxysilane (EPPTMOS) were implemented for the modification process. Due to the induction of different silane functional groups, it was anticipated to have various interactions for the tested analytes. Eventually, the prepared paper sheets were used as extractive phases for solid–phase extraction within a microfluidic system. The... 

    A high-performance polydimethylsiloxane electrospun membrane for cell culture in lab-on-a-chip

    , Article Biomicrofluidics ; Volume 12, Issue 2 , April , 2018 ; 19321058 (ISSN) Moghadas, H ; Saidi, M. S ; Kashaninejad, N ; Nguyen, N. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Institute of Physics Inc  2018
    Thin porous membranes are important components in a microfluidic device, serving as separators, filters, and scaffolds for cell culture. However, the fabrication and the integration of these membranes possess many challenges, which restrict their widespread applications. This paper reports a facile technique to fabricate robust membrane-embedded microfluidic devices. We integrated an electrospun membrane into a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) device using the simple plasma-activated bonding technique. To increase the flexibility of the membrane and to address the leakage problem, the electrospun membrane was fabricated with the highest weight ratio of PDMS to polymethylmethacrylate (i.e., 6:1... 

    Three-dimensional modeling of avascular tumor growth in both static and dynamic culture platforms

    , Article Micromachines ; Volume 10, Issue 9 , 2019 ; 2072666X (ISSN) Taghibakhshi, A ; Barisam, M ; Saidi, M. S ; Kashaninejad, N ; Nguyen, N. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2019
    Microfluidic cell culture platforms are ideal candidates for modeling the native tumor microenvironment because they can precisely reconstruct in vivo cellular behavior. Moreover, mathematical modeling of tumor growth can pave the way toward description and prediction of growth pattern as well as improving cancer treatment. In this study, a modified mathematical model based on concentration distribution is applied to tumor growth in both conventional static culture and dynamic microfluidic cell culture systems. Apoptosis and necrosis mechanisms are considered as the main inhibitory factors in the model, while tumor growth rate and nutrient consumption rate are modified in both quiescent and... 

    Numerical simulation of mixing and heat transfer in an integrated centrifugal microfluidic system for nested-PCR amplification and gene detection

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 283 , 2019 , Pages 831-841 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Naghdloo, A ; Ghazimirsaeed, E ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Nucleic acid amplification via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is one of the essential and powerful methods used in a myriad of bio-assays in clinical laboratories. Application of microfluidic devices in biologically-related processes like PCR can result in the usage of less volume of reactant samples and reduce the processing time. By implementing PCR systems on centrifugal microfluidic platforms, automation and portability can be easily achieved. Although several methods have been developed, most of them are still dealing with challenges of the required high processing time. This study presents the numerical simulation of a fully automated PCR system with the goal of enhancing the mixing... 

    Induced cell migration based on a bioactive hydrogel sheet combined with a perfused microfluidic system

    , Article Biomedical Materials (Bristol) ; Volume 15, Issue 4 , May , 2020 Jafarkhani, M ; Jafarkhani, M ; Salehi, Z ; Mashayekhan, S ; Kowsari Esfahan, R ; Dolatshahi Pirouz, A ; Bonakdar, S ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2020
    Endothelial cell migration is a crucial step in the process of new blood vessel formation - a necessary process to maintain cell viability inside thick tissue constructs. Here, we report a new method for maintaining cell viability and inducing cell migration using a perfused microfluidic platform based on collagen gel and a gradient hydrogel sheet. Due to the helpful role of the extracellular matrix components in cell viability, we developed a hydrogel sheet from decellularized tissue (DT) of the bovine heart and chitosan (CS). The results showed that hydrogel sheets with an optimum weight ratio of CS/DT = 2 possess a porosity of around 75%, a mechanical strength of 23 kPa, and display cell... 

    Parametric study of droplet formation and characteristics within microfluidic devices - A case study

    , Article International Journal of Applied Mechanics ; Volume 12, Issue 7 , 2020 Salehi, S. S ; Shamloo, A ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    World Scientific  2020
    Droplet-based microfluidics technologies hold great attention in a wide range of applications, including chemical analysis, drug screening, and food industries. This work aimed to describe the effects of different physical properties of the two immiscible phases on droplet formation in a flow-focusing microfluidic device and determining proper flow rates to form a droplet within the desired size range. A numerical model was developed to solve the governing equations of two-phase flow and the results were validated with previous experimental results. The results demonstrate different types of droplet formation regimes from dripping to jetting and different production rates of droplets as a... 

    Microfluidic technologies to engineer mesenchymal stem cell aggregates—applications and benefits

    , Article Biophysical Reviews ; Volume 12, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 123-133 Salehi, S. S ; Shamloo, A ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Three-dimensional cell culture and the forming multicellular aggregates are superior over traditional monolayer approaches due to better mimicking of in vivo conditions and hence functions of a tissue. A considerable amount of attention has been devoted to devising efficient methods for the rapid formation of uniform-sized multicellular aggregates. Microfluidic technology describes a platform of techniques comprising microchannels to manipulate the small number of reagents with unique properties and capabilities suitable for biological studies. The focus of this review is to highlight recent studies of using microfluidics, especially droplet-based types for the formation, culture, and... 

    An interface–particle interaction approach for evaluation of the co-encapsulation efficiency of cells in a flow-focusing droplet generator

    , Article Sensors (Switzerland) ; Volume 20, Issue 13 , 2020 , Pages 1-17 Yaghoobi, M ; Saidi, M. S ; Ghadami, S ; Kashaninejad, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2020
    Droplet-based microfluidics offers significant advantages, such as high throughput and scalability, making platforms based on this technology ideal candidates for point-of-care (POC) testing and clinical diagnosis. However, the efficiency of co-encapsulation in droplets is suboptimal, limiting the applicability of such platforms for the biosensing applications. The homogeneity of the bioanalytes in the droplets is an unsolved problem. While there is extensive literature on the experimental setups and active methods used to increase the efficiency of such platforms, passive techniques have received less attention, and their fundamentals have not been fully explored. Here, we develop a novel... 

    A new detection chamber design on centrifugal microfluidic platform to measure hemoglobin of whole blood

    , Article SLAS Technology ; Volume 26, Issue 4 , 2021 , Pages 392-398 ; 24726303 (ISSN) Mahmodi Arjmand, E ; Saadatmand, M ; Eghbal, M ; Bakhtiari, M. R ; Mehraji, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Inc  2021
    Undoubtedly, microfluidics has been a focal point of interdisciplinary science during the last two decades, resulting in many developments in this area. Centrifugal microfluidic platforms have good potential for use in point-of-care devices because they take advantage of some intrinsic forces, most notably centrifugal force, which obviates the need to any external driving forces. Herein, we introduce a newly designed detection chamber for use on microfluidic discs that can be employed as an absorbance readout step in cases where the final solution has a very low viscosity and surface tension. In such situations, our chamber easily eliminates the air bubbles from the final solution without... 

    Nanotechnology-assisted microfluidic systems: From bench to bedside

    , Article Nanomedicine ; Volume 16, Issue 3 , 2021 , Pages 237-258 ; 17435889 (ISSN) Rabiee, N ; Ahmadi, S ; Fatahi, Y ; Rabiee, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Dinarvand, R ; Bagheri, B ; Zarrintaj, P ; Saeb, M. R ; Webster, T. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Future Medicine Ltd  2021
    With significant advancements in research technologies, and an increasing global population, microfluidic and nanofluidic systems (such as point-of-care, lab-on-a-chip, organ-on-a-chip, etc) have started to revolutionize medicine. Devices that combine micron and nanotechnologies have increased sensitivity, precision and versatility for numerous medical applications. However, while there has been extensive research on microfluidic and nanofluidic systems, very few have experienced wide-spread commercialization which is puzzling and deserves our collective attention. For the above reasons, in this article, we review research advances that combine micro and nanotechnologies to create the next... 

    Electrospun polyethersolfone nanofibrous membrane as novel platform for protein immobilization in microfluidic systems

    , Article Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials ; Volume 106, Issue 3 , April , 2018 , Pages 1108-1120 ; 15524973 (ISSN) Mahmoudifard, M ; Vossoughi, M ; Soudi, S ; Soleimani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2018
    In the present study, the feasibility of electrospun polyethersolfone (PES) nanofibrous membrane as the solid substrate for microfluidic based immunoassays to enhance the density of immobilized antibody on the surface of membrane was assessed. Conversely, the efficacy of antibody immobilization was compared by two different strategies as 1-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide (EDC)/N-Hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) coupling chemistry and hydrophobic interaction. Compared to conventional immunoassays carried out in plates or gels, microfluidic based immunoassays grant a lot of advantages such as a consumption of little samples and reagents, shorter analysis time, and higher efficiency.... 

    A new insight to deformability correlation of circulating tumor cells with metastatic behavior by application of a new deformability-based microfluidic chip

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 1186 , 2021 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Hakim, M ; Khorasheh, F ; Alemzadeh, I ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Isolation and characterization of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) found in blood samples of cancer patients have been considered as a reliable source for cancer prognosis and diagnosis. A new continuous microfluidic platform has been designed in this investigation for simultaneous capture and characterization of CTCs based on their deformability. The deformability-based chip (D-Chip) consists of two sections of separation and characterization where slanted weirs with a gap of 7 μm were considered. Although sometimes CTCs and leukocytes have the same size, the deformability differs in such a way that can be exploited for enrichment purposes. MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines were used for the... 

    Design and Simulation (& Manufacturing) of A Micro-Gyroscope

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Soltani, Arman (Author) ; Akbari, Javad (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, microgyroscopes are among the most important products of MEMS. The production of small, precise and inexpensive gyroscopes has become possible as the result of recent developments in fabrication technology. In this thesis it is intended to introduce a new method for manufacturing more precise microgyroscopes regarding manufacture facilities. Using this new method, sensitivity and resistance of microgyroscopes are increased against noises which are primarily caused by vibration and rotation about undesirable axes. The rotational movement imposed on the gyro is detected through fluid flow within its torus channel. This transformation facilitates the measurement of the initial motion....