Search for: peroxides
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    Effect of drying methods on quality of Pistachio nuts

    , Article Drying Technology ; Volume 21, Issue 5 , 2003 , Pages 821-838 ; 07373937 (ISSN) Kashani Nejad, M ; Tabil, L. G ; Mortazavi, A ; Safe Kordi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Marcel Dekker Inc  2003
    The effect of various methods of drying (sun drying, bin drying, vertical continuous drying, vertical cylindrical drying, and funnel cylindrical drying) on moisture content, lipid quality (peroxide value, thiobarbituric acid value, and free fatty acids), sensory attributes (firmness, sweetness, rancidity, roasted flavor, split shell, shell appearance, and overall palatability), and percent split shell of pistachio nuts (Pistacia vera L.) were studied. Sun drying and bin drying resulted in higher split shell percent on pistachio nuts than other drying methods. The different drying methods used in this study did not have any significant influence on the free fatty acids, peroxide value, and... 

    Fabrication of Nanocomposite Modified Materials Based on Bi-Metalic Transition Metal Sulfide Using Copper (I) Oxide Nanospheres as a Catalytic Substrate for Designation of Amperometric Non-Enzymatic Hydrazine and Hydrogen peroxide Sensors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Darvishmehr, Zahra (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    In this study, transition metal sulfide, with a high accessible surface and abundant electroactive centers, was used as an electrocatalyst to fabrication an electrochemical sensor of hydrazine and hydrogen peroxide. the direct growth of thin film of nanocomposite can be considered as an efficient method to modify the electrode surface, and the application of these modified electrodes as electrochemical sensors. the cobalt iron sulfide (CoFeS) nanosheets were directly grown on Cu2O nanospheres in order to design hierarchical nanocomposite by using efficient, inexpensive and fast method. Here, Cu2O nanospheres not only served as substrate, but also steer the CoFeS to attach on nanospheres... 

    Spectrophotometric determination of sulfide based on peroxidase inhibition by detection of purpurogallin formation

    , Article Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety ; Volume 91 , 2013 , Pages 117-121 ; 01476513 (ISSN) Ghadiri, M ; Kariminia, H. R ; Roosta Azad, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper presents a new method for spectrophotometirc detection of sulfide applying fungal peroxidase immobilized on sodium alginate. The sensing scheme was based on decrease of the absorbance of the orange compound, purpurogallin produced from pyrogallol and H2O2 as substrates, due to the inhibition of peroxidase by sulfide. Absorbance of purpurogallin was detected at 420nm by using a spectrophotometer. The proposed method could successfully detect the sulfide in the concentration range of 0.6-7.0μM with a detection limit of 0.4μM. The kinetic parameters of Michaelis-Menten with and without sulfide were also calculated. Possible inhibition mechanism of peroxidase by sulfide was deduced... 

    Dual catalytic function of the task-specific ionic liquid: Green oxidation of cyclohexene to adipic acid using 30% H2O2

    , Article Chemical Engineering Journal ; Volume 221 , April , 2013 , Pages 254-257 ; 13858947 (ISSN) Vafaeezadeh, M ; Hashemi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The sole industrial process which currently used for adipic acid production is nitric acid oxidation of either cyclohexanol or cyclohexanol/cyclohexanone mixture. Emission of greenhouse nitrous oxide (N2O) gas from this process strongly contributes to global warming, resulting in acid rain and ozone depletion. Herein, we report a catalytic application of a novel dual task-specific ionic liquid (an ionic liquid with two catalytic functions) for oxidation of cyclohexene to adipic acid using 30% hydrogen peroxide. The catalyst showed desirable activity toward oxidation of cyclohexene and some cyclic olefins to produce their corresponding dicarboxylic acids  

    Development of plasma and/or chemically induced graft co-polymerized electrospun poly(vinylidene fluoride) membranes for solute separation

    , Article Separation and Purification Technology ; Volume 108 , 2013 , Pages 196-204 ; 13835866 (ISSN) Savoji, H ; Rana, D ; Matsuura, T ; Tabe, S ; Feng, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nanofiber membranes were fabricated by electrospinning poly(vinylidene fluoride). The electrospun nanofiber membranes were further modified by grafting of acrylic acid (AA) and methacrylic acid (MAA) over the surfaces of the membranes. Plasma AA graft was attempted only, and the results indicated the partial membrane pore filling with grafted AA. For MAA grafting, chemically induced polymerization using benzoyl peroxide and hydrogen peroxide was attempted. The combination of plasma and chemically induced MAA graft polymerization was also attempted. The membranes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and static contact angle (SCA)... 

    Investigation of the antibacterial and photocatalytic properties of the zeolitic nanosized AgBr/TiO 2 composites

    , Article Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing ; Volume 15, Issue 1 , February , 2012 , Pages 73-79 ; 13698001 (ISSN) Padervand, M ; Elahifard, M. R ; Vatan Meidanshahi, R ; Ghasemi, S ; Haghighi, S ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Zeolite-based Ag/AgBr and Ag/AgBr/TiO 2 photocatalysts were prepared by sol-gel and deposition methods and were characterized. Their photocatalytic activities were evaluated by inactivation of Escherichia (E.) coli and the photodegradation of Acid Blue 92 and potassium permanganate. The composites containing Ag/AgBr showed the antibacterial activity in the dark by releasing Ag ions into the medium. The results for inactivation of E. coli indicated that Ag/AgBr/TiO 2 modified photocatalyst had better antibacterial activity than Ag/AgBr/zeolite, while zeolite and TiO 2/zeolite did not show any antibacterial activity under visible light and dark conditions. Photodecolarization rate was affected... 

    Hydrogen peroxide-assisted photocatalysis under solar light irradiation: Interpretation of interaction effects between an active photocatalyst and H2O2

    , Article Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering ; Volume 97, Issue 7 , 2019 , Pages 2009-2014 ; 00084034 (ISSN) Feilizadeh, M ; Attar, F ; Mahinpey, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Liss Inc  2019
    In this work, the combination of H2O2 and an active visible-light-driven photocatalyst (Ag-S/PEG/TiO2) was utilized under natural solar radiation for the degradation of 2-nitrophenol (2-NP), and interaction effects between the photocatalyst and hydrogen peroxide were analyzed. For this purpose, experiments were designed using the response surface methodology based on the central composite design. The resulting data was utilized to obtain a model for the prediction of response (the degradation efficiency) as a function of two independent factors (H2O2 concentration and the photocatalyst loading). The statistical analysis indicated that optimum values of each of the two independent factors... 

    Optimization of peroxidase-catalyzed oxidative coupling process for phenol removal from wastewater using response surface methodology

    , Article Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 41, Issue 20 , 2007 , Pages 7073-7079 ; 0013936X (ISSN) Ghasempur, S ; Torabi, S. F ; Ranaei Siadat, S. O ; Jalali Heravi, M ; Ghaemi, N ; Khajeh, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Hydroxylated aromatic compounds (HACs) are considered to be primary pollutants in a wide variety of industrial wastewaters. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) is suitable for the removal of these toxic substances. However, development of a mathematical model and optimization of the HRP-based treatment considering the economical issues by novel methods is a necessity. In the present study, optimization of phenol removal from wastewater by horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was carried out using response surface methodology (RSM) and central composite design (CCD). As the initial experimental design, 2 4-1 half-fraction factorial design (H-FFD) is accomplished in triplicate at two levels to select the... 

    Leaching recovery of zinc, cobalt and manganese from zinc purification residue

    , Article International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications ; Volume 20, Issue 2 , 2007 , Pages 133-140 ; 1728-144X (ISSN) Haghshenas, D. F ; Darvishi, D ; Mos'hefi Shabestari, Z ; Keshavarz Alamdari, E ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Materials and Energy Research Center  2007
    This paper reports on the recovery of zinc, cobalt and manganese by two-step leaching of zinc-plants purification residue with sulfuric acid. The residue, hot filter press cake (HFC), contains 14 % ZnO, 4.8 % Co 3O4 and 22.9 % MnO. Effects of different parameters are determined and used to optimize the process. With acid to hot filter press cake (HFC) stoichiometry of 0.85, acid concentration of 30 g/L and temperature of 25°C, it took two minutes to separate zinc from zinc plant residue. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was used as an oxidation agent. The most suitable acid concentration for leaching of both cobalt and manganese was 50 g/L. Recovery of cobalt and manganese increased with peroxide... 

    Chemically Modified Electrode Based on Carbon Nanostructures and Metal Nanoparticles: Preparation, Characterization and Application in Determination of the Pharmaceutical and Biological Compounds and Oxygen Reduction at Soft Interfaces Catalyzed by in Situ Generated Reduced Graphene Oxide

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Rastgar Kafshgarkolaei, Shokoufeh (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    In the first part, the preparation of metallic, bi-metallic (alloy or mixtures) and metallic oxide nanoparticles on the substrate of carbon nanostructures (carbon nanotube and graphene based nanosheets) has been performed using chemical and electrochemical procedures. Then, the prepared nanostructures were characterized by electron microscopy, spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. Finally, the nanofilms have been evaluated for sensing applications as a modifier on the electrode surface for accurate determination of trace amounts of some important pharmaceutical and biological compounds. In the first work, multi-walled carbon nanotubes decorated with Fe3O4 nanoparticles... 

    Study and Optimization of Operating Parameters of Nanophotocatalytic Wastewater Treatment Process

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Qanbarzadeh, Mojtaba (Author) ; Soltanieh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Feilizadeh, Mehrzad (Co-Advisor)
    In this study, we investigate the effect of adding potassium persulfate (PDS) (K2S2O8) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to E.coli (as a model microorganism) photocatalytic removal system in the presence of the TiO2-P25 as photocatalyst and UV irradiation. In this regard, the PDS and H2O2 oxidants were added separately in the different levels of pH and photocatalyst loading under UV irradiation. The experimental points were determined based on the central composite design (CCD) and in order to study the main and the interactive effects of the photocatalyst concentration (mg/L), oxidant concentration (mg/L) and the pH on the final concentration of E.coli (cfu/mL), a response surface model (RSM)... 

    Study and Preparation of Suitable Polymer Compound for Radiation Masks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Almas Ganj, Ali (Author) ; Mosavi Soghondikolaei, Abbas (Supervisor)
    External radiotherapy is a major method of treating cancer. In this method, penetrating rays such as X-rays, alpha, beta and gamma emitted from the device are used to treat cancer. In order to emitting rays only to the cancer cells, masks are used to stabilize the patient's body in the right position during the radiotherapy, so that the rays are not emitted to the healthy tissues of the patient's body. In this dissertation, first, different methods of making radiotherapy masks are examined. Next, polycaprolactone is proposed as the main material for making the mask. Due to its low tensile strength, this material alone is not suitable for the intended use. Therefore, the material was cured... 

    Designing a Ratiometric Probe for Naked Eye Detection of Hydrogen Peroxide

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadpour, Fatemeh (Author) ; Hormozinezhad, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is of great importance in numerous fields such as pharmaceuticals, mining, textile, environmental and food industry. Therefore, the development of low cost, on-site, and uncomplicated H2O2 sensors are of high interest. To date, colloidal quantum dots (QDs) have been used to detect H2O2 based on the quenching of fluorescence intensity in a single wavelength. However, intensity of fluorescent signal could be easily disturbed by various factors. To overcome these undesirable effects, here, a ratiometric sensor has been developed by adding a second fluorophore (as reference) to QDs. For this purpose TGA-capped CdTe QDs were prepared. To detect H2O2, the ratiometric... 

    Investigation the Effect of Antioxidant on Amount of Crosslink and Mechanical Behavior of Peroxide Crossliked Polyethylene (PEX-A)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Berarzadeh Grivdehy, Meisam (Author) ; Pircheraghi, Gholamreza (Supervisor)
    Polyethylene is the most widely used plastic material in the world for reasons such as lightweight, good strength, good processability, low cost, and low maintenance cost, and very good chemical resistance. One of the applications of polyethylene that has received much attention in recent decades is its use in the manufacture of hot water pipes. To maintain the properties of polyethylene at high temperatures, it must be crosslinked at a proper level. Appropriate antioxidants should be used to prevent the degradation and oxidation of polyethylene during the process as well as long-term operation. Concomitant use of phenolic antioxidants for long-term stability during service and phosphorus... 

    Design of Scaffolds with Multi-scale Engineered Microchannels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mollajavadi, Mohammad Yasin (Author) ; Saadatmand, Maryam (Supervisor)
    Building complex and functional tissues and organs is very challenging. One of the challenges is building an efficient network of blood vessels that can be used to facilitate the transport of nutrients and oxygen to the host. In addition to using channels for oxygen supply, another solution is to use oxygen-carrying materials. In this study, in addition to designing and simulating scaffolds with multi-scale microchannels, calcium peroxide was used to release oxygen and eliminate hypoxia in the scaffold. Here alginate is used as the main material for scaffolding. In an attempt to build a scaffold using a bio-printer, pluronic acid was also used as a sacrificial material to create canals.... 

    Turbulence and additive effects on ignition delay in supersonic combustion

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering ; Volume 227, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 93-99 ; 09544100 (ISSN) Tahsini, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Numerical study of two-dimensional supersonic hydrogen-air mixing layer is performed to investigate the effects of turbulence and chemical additive on ignition distance. Chemical reaction is treated using detail kinetics. Advection upstream splitting method is used to calculate the fluxes, and one-equation turbulence model is chosen here to simulate the considered problem. Hydrogen peroxide is used as an additive and the results show that inflow turbulence and chemical additive may drastically decrease the ignition delay in supersonic combustion  

    A very simple method to synthesize nano-sized manganese oxide: An efficient catalyst for water oxidation and epoxidation of olefins

    , Article Dalton Transactions ; Volume 41, Issue 36 , Jul , 2012 , Pages 11026-11031 ; 14779226 (ISSN) Najafpour, M. M ; Rahimi, F ; Amini, M ; Nayeri, S ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    RSC  2012
    Nano-sized particles of manganese oxides have been prepared by a very simple and cheap process using a decomposing aqueous solution of manganese nitrate at 100 °C. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction spectrometry have been used to characterize the phase and the morphology of the manganese oxide. The nano-sized manganese oxide shows efficient catalytic activity toward water oxidation and the epoxidation of olefins in the presence of cerium(iv) ammonium nitrate and hydrogen peroxide, respectively  

    Design of silica supported task-specific ionic liquid catalyst system for oxidation of cyclohexene to adipic acid with 30% H 2O 2

    , Article Catalysis Communications ; Volume 26 , September , 2012 , Pages 54-57 ; 15667367 (ISSN) Vafaeezadeh, M ; Hashemi, M. M ; Shakourian Fard, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium tungstate ([BMIm] 2WO 4) ionic liquid supported onto silica sulphamic acid demonstrated desirable performance for oxidation of cyclohexene to adipic acid. Simple experimental procedure, easy product isolation, catalyst recovery and reusability are some attractive features of this protocol  

    Improvement of palm oil and sunflower oil blends by enzymatic interestrification

    , Article International Journal of Food Science and Technology ; Volume 46, Issue 5 , 2011 , Pages 1093-1099 ; 09505423 (ISSN) Yazdi, Z. K ; Alemzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Palm oil (PO) and sunflower oil (SFO) blends with varying proportions were subjected to enzymatic interesterification (EIE) using a 1,3-specific immobilised lipase. The interesterified blends were evaluated for their slip melting point (SMP), solid fat content (SFC) at 10-40°C, p-anisidine value, peroxide value, free fatty acids (FFA), induction period of oxidation at 110°C (IP110) and composition of fatty acids by gas chromatography. Under EIE treatment, the blends of PO and SFO in different proportions (20:80, 40:60, 50:50, 60:40 and 80:20) had saturated and unsaturated fatty acid content in the range of 37.6-52.0% and 48.0-62.4%, respectively. The blends showed a considerable reduction in... 

    Synthesis, X-ray structure, characterization and catalytic activity of a polymeric manganese(II) complex with iminodiacetate

    , Article Applied Organometallic Chemistry ; Volume 25, Issue 7 , 2011 , Pages 559-563 ; 02682605 (ISSN) Bagherzadeh, M ; Amini, M ; Boghaei, D. M ; Najafpour, M. M ; McKee, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    A polymeric manganese(II) complex with the general formula [Mn(O 2CCH2NH2CH2CO2) 2(H2O)2]n from reaction of iminodiacetatic acid and manganese(II) perchlorate under nitrogen in water, was synthesized and characterized. The structure of the complex was determined using single-crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, IR and UV-vis spectra. This complex exhibited excellent catalytic activity and selectivity for oxidation of various alcohols and sulfides to the corresponding aldehydes/ketone and sulfoxides using urea hydrogen peroxide and oxone (2KHSO 5·KHSO4·K2SO4), respectively, as oxidants under air at room temperature. The easy preparation, mild reaction conditions, high yields of the...