Search for: viscoelasticity
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    Theoretical and Experimental Investigation of Flow behavior of Nanofield Viscoelastic Fluids in Contraction Flow

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Behrang, Arash (Author) ; Ramazani Saatatabadi, Ahmad (Supervisor)
    In this work, the viscoelastic fluids flow and their short fiber suspensions has been modeled in contraction geometry using conformation models, these models predict behavior of polymeric chains in contraction geometry. Prediction of viscoelastic fluids flow through a contraction is very important, especially in polymer processing where a polymer melt in barrel of an extruder is going to pass through a narrow die. We expect to see an eddy in each corner of barrel. The result has shown that increasing of De number enhances the eddy magnitude; also with making acute angle, we see decreasing of eddy magnitude. Normal stresses and velocity were investigated in contraction and their results had... 

    Model Based Control of a Laparoscopic Instrument for Safe and Effective Grasping of Spleen Tissue

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abdi, Elahe (Author) ; Farahmand, Farzam (Supervisor) ; Durali, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In the present dissertation model based grasping of soft tissue with the laparoscopic gripper, tissue deformation under the applied load and control of the tissue-instrument interaction have been studied. As the first step a cantilevered beam under bending and tension has been modeled statically and dynamically using the meshless EFG based method. Results show that an increase in the number of nodes at the displacement boundary and the area of force insertion improves the accuracy of the predicted displacement in the model compared to the analytical solution. In the second step the model is developed for a hemisphere under vertical and lateral compression. Comparison of the deformation of... 

    Modeling and Sensitivity Analysis of Heavy Vehicles Tire With Target of Determining Stiffness and Damping Characteristics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Lahe Motlagh, Peyman (Author) ; Saadat Foumani, Mahmoud (Supervisor) ; Fallah Rajabzadeh, Famida (Supervisor)
    Tire is one component of the suspension system and has beneficial effects on reducing vibrations caused to the vehicle. This study aims to determine the factors affecting the damping and stiffness of the tire is carried out. The modeling of factors were identified. For testing the modeling effort is to be made to the instruments used to measure the damping and stiffness of the tires. To make the structural static analysis, dynamic and modal was to have sufficient structural strength and the displacements and stresses are sensibly placed. Factors that have influence on the hardness of the ring diameter, the outer diameter of the tire, tire pressure, tire tread depth, tire wall thickness,... 

    Study of the Effects of Rrest Time and Loading Time on Viscoplastic Strain of Asphalt Concrtee

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jahangiri, Behnam (Author) ; Tabatabaei, Nader (Supervisor)
    Asphalt concrete exhibits viscoelastic and viscoplastic behavior which is dependent on rate and temperature. To model this behavior, various mechanical modelshave been presented in which total strain, as the response of the applied stress, is decomposed by various researchers to recoverable and permanent strains.Accumulation and expansion of permanent response result in rutting which is a dominant and prevalent distress in hot mixed asphalt (HMA) in hot climates. The available models are not capable of accurately calculate the viscoplastic strain under cyclic loading.
    To close this gap, recovered viscoelastic strain at rest (unloading) period was introduced. This parameter accounted for... 

    Evaluation of the Performance of Viscoelastic Dampers in Controlling the Seismic Induced Response of Structures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gholami, Adel (Author) ; Rahimzadeh Rofooei, Fayyaz (Supervisor)
    In the present study, the performance of Viscoelastic Dampers in reducing the seismic response of the structures was investigated. For this purpose, first the effect of added damping to the system was studied. Number of 3-D steel structural models, with and without eccentricity which are designed with the 2800 code (first edition) and 519 code provisions that is not satisfied the provisions of the code-2800(third edition) is considered. It is assume that this system is located on a relatively stiff soil (soil type II based on Iranian Seismic Standard Code - 2800), a number of compatible earthquake records also considered to be used in the parametric studies. The results indicate that in... 

    The Effect of Arrangement of Viscoelastic Dampers in the Performance of Steel Structures Using Incremental Dynamic Analysis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rayegani, Arash (Author) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    Including control systems structures against lateral forces such as dynamic loads, earthquakes etc. are viscoelastic damper, that their use in recent years on the structure had positive results. Although the use of dampers improve certain behavioral characteristics, such as relative displacement, but can increase the structural acceleration and energy absorption structures. Passive damper performance depends on several factors such as temperature, time, frequency, stiffness of bracing and structures, type of loading that should any of these uncertain in the optimal design of controlled structures taken into account. Common method of achieve proper placement pattern of passive dampers, which... 

    Experimental Investigation to Determine the Main Parameters for Viscoelastic Surfactant (VES) Injection for Acid Diversion in Reservoirs and Improving Their Design Conditions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Habibi, Reza (Author) ; Ayatollahi, Shahab (Supervisor) ; Bazargan, Mohammad (Co-Advisor)
    The success of matrix acid production operations and its proper efficiency is one of the main challenges for oil and gas companies. The heterogeneity of the reservoir formation (especially the permeability difference) in the area around the well due to the presence of different reservoir layers results in the non-uniform distribution of acid among them and adds acidizing challenges. In order to improve production conditions, stimulation fluid transfer to the low permeability layer, which is the main target of acidizing. In this study, a new generation of chemical diverter, called Viscoelastic Surfactant, has been used. These materials have two components of elastic and viscous behavior, and... 

    Mechanical Model in Cell and Nucleus Deformation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Heydari, Tiam (Author) ; Ejtehadi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Now a days, the ability of measuring the mechanical properties of the living cells in in experiments has been increased. Experiments shows that the stem cells could alter their faith in different mechanical situations, but an integrated model about this phenomenon in literature has not been introduced yet. In this research thesis s minimal cell model (MMC) is developed to capture the behavior of the cells on substrates with varying mechanical properties and morphologies, MMC consists of large scale models for outer membrane of the cell and nuclear envelope, cytoplasmic area, chromatin fibers and Extra cellular matrix. Each component of the MMC will be placed in an integrated software to... 

    Dynamic Analysis of an Inclined Functionally Graded Timoshenko Beam on Viscoelastic Foundation under Moving Mass

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirzaie, Vahid (Author) ; Firouzbazsh, Keykhosrow (Supervisor) ; Asghari, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    In this study, the linear dynamic response of an inclined FGM Timoshenko beam on linear viscoelastic foundation subjected to a traveling mass with constant and variable velocity is investigated. Timoshenko beam theory and von-karman strain-displacement relations are utilized to model the problem. the FGM beam is made of metal and ceramic and it is assumed that material properties of the beam vary continuously in the thickness direction according to the exponential law and the power-law form. The kelvin-voigt damping model is applied to model the internal damping of the FGM beam. The partial differential equations of motion for the bending rotation of cross-section, longitudinal and... 

    Multi-Scale Simulation of the Viscoelastic Behavior of the Cell Membrane

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ali Khourshaei Shargh (Author) ; NaghdAbadi, Reza (Supervisor) ; Sohrabpour, Saeed (Co-Advisor)
    Due to the limitations on experiments in the field of cell mechanics, computational modeling of biological cells have attracted attention within two recent decades. In general, some models have been developed in two different scales, known as microstructure and continuum, both of which have their own pros and cons. Nevertheless, viscoelastic behavior of cell membrane has attracted less attention of scientists up to now. Therefore, multi-scale simulation of the viscoelastic behavior of the cell membrane has been chosen as the main goal of this thesis. Toward this goal, at first the energy of the simulation box, consisting of 128 Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine and 3655 water molecules, was... 

    Aeroelastic Analysis of Sandwich wing With Fractional Viscoelastic Core

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ebrahimi, Hossein (Author) ; Haddadpour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    In this research, the effect of application of viscoelastic material with fractional derivatives pattern in aeroelastic stability analysis for a sandwich wing, has been examined. In order to study the wing’s aeroelastic behavior and the effect of inner layer on aeroelastic instability boundaries (fluttering), the wing is modeled as a cantilever sandwich beam with a fractional viscoelastic core. The Wagner approximation is used for applying the unstable aeroelastic loads. To obtain the characteristics and behaviors of the structure some assumptions including non-classical effects, are considered. These non-classical effects are the inner layer shear stress, the axial movements, the wing’s... 

    Investigation of the Role of Fiber Reinforcement on the Performance of Rubber Based Friction Material

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Arjmand, Mohammad (Author) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Supervisor)
    Friction composites, as a part of vehicle safety system, should hold some characteristics such as high wear resistance, low weight, durability, low noise, stable friction coefficient, availability and low price. It is very interested to use mixture of rubber and resin in friction materials to reach good properties of both rubber and resin simultaneously. This mixture is especially used in railway’s brake pads. Fibrous reinforcement is another important ingredient in friction composites. Asbestos used to be the most significant fibrous reinforcement due to its appropriate tribological specifications but the recent ban on asbestos by environmental protection agency has forced the friction... 

    Numerical Modeling of Electroosmotic Flow of Viscoelastic Fluids in Hydrophobic Microducts

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abdoli Farzaneh, Hassan (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Co-Advisor)
    The integrated development of small-scale electronic and mechanical systems has drawn attention, since they lead to increase in speed and decrease in volume of industry dimensions in the manufacturing sector. That is why microelectromechanical systems are highly considered. MEMS are widely used in Microfluidic systems that can be used in medicine, biology and drug injection. Due to the fact that consistent fluid velocity is necessary in biological applications, electroosmotic flow is more important than ever. To investigate the behavior of biofluids, Newtonian models cannot be used and it is required to use models that predict the behavior of these fluids accurately. In this research... 

    Constitutive Modeling and Numerical Investigation of Damage and Healing Phenomena in Self-healing Polymers at Finite Deformation

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Shahsavari, Hamid (Author) ; Naghdababdi, Reza (Supervisor) ; Sohrabpour, Saeed (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, employing the definition of an effective configuration in the Continuum Damage-Healing Mechanics (CDHM), mechanical responses of elf-healing materials are investigated. Firstly, a constitutive model is proposed to investigate damage and healing phenomena in concrete materials. In order to consider the different behavior of concretes in tension and compression, a spectral decomposition of the stress is utilized. In addition, employing the Clausius-Duhem inequality and considering the irreversible thermodynamics, conjugate forces of the damage and healing are expressed. The Gibbs potential energy is decomposed into three parts; elastic, damage and healing. In the next section,... 

    Analytical and Numerical Investigation of Stress Wave Propagation in Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar for Studying Viscoelastic Behavior of Polymers at High Strain Rates

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moghaddam, Fazel (Author) ; Naghdabadi, Reza (Supervisor) ; Sohrabpour, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Studying the behavior of materials at high strain rate is necessary for design and analysis of structures subjected to impact loading. Therefore, design and construction of apparatuses that enable us for testing various materials under impact loading is very important. The split Hopkinson pressure bar test -one of the most important impact tests- is utilized for dynamic loading at constant strain rates ranging from 100 to 10000 1/s.
    In this thesis, first we explain about the behavior of materials at high strain rates and then focus on the behavior of polymers -that are widely used in different industries- under impact loading. Also, basic concepts of polymeric Hopkinson pressure bar and... 

    Real-time Simulation of Soft Tissue in Virtual Environments Using a Haptic Interface

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Heydari Kamarroudi, Mehdi (Author) ; Meghdari, Ali (Supervisor)
    Surgical simulators present a safe, practical, and ethical method for surgical training. In order to enhance realism and provide the user with an immersive training experience, simulators should have the capability to provide haptic feedback to the user. Accurate modeling of the interaction between surgical instruments and organs has been recognized as a key requirement in the development surgical simulators. Researchers have attempted to model tool-tissue interactions in a wide variety of ways, which can be broadly classified as (1) continuum mechanics-based,(2) discrete elements-based methods.
    This thesis presents an improved model of static Long Elements Method (LEM), a new method... 

    CFD Modeling of Reactive Flow During Matrix Acidizing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemi Khoramabad, Mohammad (Author) ; Bazarga, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Masihi, Mohsen (Co-Supervisor)
    Heterogeneity is the major cause of the uneven acid distribution in carbonate acidizing. Traditional acidizing involves the injection of mineral acids, such as hydrochloric acid into the formation, which the bulk of the acidic solution permeates into the high-permeable layers and the low-permeability layers remain unreacted. So far, many chemical and mechanical techniques have been used to avoid the uneven distribution of acid. Using surfactant-based viscoelastic acids is one of the effective chemical method to divert acid to low-permeable zones. The unique feature of these acids is increasing viscosity of acidic solution as the pH increases. In this study, a two-scale continuum model... 

    Three-dimensional Simulation of Circulating Tumor Cells Magnetic Isolation Using a Viscoelastic-based Ferrofluid Solution

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mostafavi, Ali (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
    Nowadays cancer is the second major cause of death in the world after cardiovascular diseases and scientists and researchers are making considerable efforts to fight it. Detection and isolation of circulating tumor cells in the blood is of paramount importance as it can be further used to measure the disease severity as well as efficacy of chemical drugs. Magnetophoresis has attracted researchers because of its simplicity, high effectiveness and non-invasiveness. Microfluidic systems have a high potential for implementing conventional biological methods in a microscale for detection, separation and incubation of CTCs, and they also lead to reduction in costs and required samples. Prior to... 

    Electro-Rheological Investigation of Flows and Transport Phenomena in Micro-Nanofluidic Systems

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Reshadi, Milad (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    In recent decades, significant advances have been made in the manufacturing of micro/-nanofluidic equipment that can reduce the cost of conducting electrochemical experiments and increase the accuracy, speed, and control of these experiments. In this regard, by installing micro/nano-networks on laboratories on a chip, the above objectives have been made possible. Due to the increase in surface-to-volume with decreasing of size of devices, important surface phenomena such as electrokinetics may reach a special place to control the micro/nanoflow. On the other hand, since each of the materials used in the construction of the above equipment reveals a special property in contact with different... 

    Formulation for static behavior of the viscoelastic Euler-Bernoulli micro-beam based on the modified couple stress theory

    , Article ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings (IMECE) ; Volume 9, Issue PARTS A AND B , 2012 , Pages 129-135 ; 9780791845257 (ISBN) Taati, E ; Nikfar, M ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this work an analytical solution is presented for a viscoelastic micro-beam based on the modified couple stress theory which is a non-classical theory in continuum mechanics. The modified couple stress theory has the ability to consider small size effects in micro-structures. It is strongly emphasized that without considering these effects in such structures the solution will be wrong and not suitable for designing systems in micro-scales. In this study correspondence principle is used for deriving constitutive equations for viscoelastic material based on the modified couple stress theory. Governing equilibrium equations are obtained by considering an element of micro-beam. Closedform...