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    Synthesis of Composite Membranes Based on Polyaniline for Gas Separation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Oftadeh, Fatemeh (Author) ; Forounchi, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Polymeric membranes based on polyaniline and PVDF were prepared by using cast-solvent film method. The effects of various parameters including polyaniline synthesis temparature, thickness of the PANI/PVDF films and feed pressure were investigated. The results obtained from exprimental data showed increasing permeability with reducing the thickness of the film and increasing feed pressure. Increasing polyaniline synthesis temprature increased the permeability of PANI/PVDF films. Reducing the films thikcness and increasing the feed pressure decreased the selectivity of films for the , and . The results showed increasing selectivity for PANI/PVDF films by using PANI produced at 10°C.... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jabbari, Elahe (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Electrochemical supercapacitors are the charge-storage devices having high power density.The materials in the nano-size form with high surface area and high porosity give the best performances as the electrode materials for supercapacitors because of their distinctive characteristics of conducting pathways, and nanoscale dimensions. Therefore, the synthesis and the capacitive characterization of the high surface area nanomaterials such as nanotubes, nanowires,etc, have been carried out extensively in the past few years. In this research Polyaniline nanowires were electrochemically deposited on stainless steel electrode with the technique of Choronoamperometry and pulse Voltammetry and... 

    Theoretical and Empirical Investigation on the Anticorrosion Performance of Smart Nano Composite Coating

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Arefinia, Reza (Author) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Supervisor) ; Shariatpanahi, Homira (Supervisor) ; Neshati, Jaber (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    In the present study, smart anticorrosion coatings were successfully prepared based on epoxy ester (EPE) resin and conductive nano polyaniline particles (nES). Anticorrosion behaviors of these coatings were analyzed by electrochemical techniques. Generally, this thesis consists of two main parts: the theoretical studies (1st and 2nd Chaps.) and empirical investigations (3th to 8th Chaps.).The first Chap. expresses a basic introduction about the corrosion concepts and different types of anticorrosion coating. In the second Chap. main goals and stage works of the thesis about the smart anticorrosion coatings are introduced considering literature researches. The subject of the 3th Chap. is... 

    The Use of Non-platinum Electro-catalyst for Low Temperature Fuel Cells

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hamzehie, Mohammad Ehsan (Author) ; Samiee, Leila (Supervisor) ; Seifkordi, Ali Akbar (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    In the recent decades, Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEFC) have been known as an appropriate type of fuel cells, due to being electrochemical converter and clean energy generator with high power density and having low operation temperature and launch time. Palatine is one of the major materials that are used in electro-catalysts of fuel cell. Due to shortage of palatine resources and its high price, fuel cell production is not economical. To achieve economic conditions for production of fuel cell, two major methods are proposed:
    1) Reduction of the employed amount of palatine in electro-catalyst
    2) Full replacement of palatine with cheap materials
    In the current... 

    Study On the Adsorption of Heavy Metals by Poly-Aniline Polymer

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashtochahar, Soode (Author) ; Borghei, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Heavy metals such as lead, chromium, nickel are considered as environmental pollutants. These substances are highly toxic and dangerous to humans and other organisms at low concentrations and many problems are caused by them. Chromium belongs to the group of heavy and toxic metals. Form 6-valent chromium for humans is considered a definite carcinogen and also creates other problems. One common method of chromium removal is chemical precipitation which caused a large volume of waste. Other methods such as ion exchange, solvent extraction, reverse osmosis and biological methods are used to remove chromium. Adsorption is another effective method with very few disadvantages compared to other... 

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Saberi, Reyhanesadat (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the first part, preparation of different kinds of polypyrrole/carbon composites and their application for drug analysis are described. In the first work, A very sensitive electrochemical sensor constructed from a glassy carbon electrode modified with a layer-by-layer MWCNT/doped overoxidized polypyrrole (oppy/MWCNT /GCE) was used for the determination of acetaminophen (AC) in the presence of codeine and ascorbic acid (AA). In comparison to the bare glassy carbon electrode, a considerable shift in the peak potential together with an increase in the peak current was observed for AC on the surface of oppy/MWCNT/GCE, which can be related to the enlarged microscopic surface area of the... 

    Heavy Metals Removal in Aqueous Solution by Polymer Composites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Roghani, Mohammad Yousef (Author) ; Borghei, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Today, with expanding industries, wastewater treatment of them is a global problem. Heavy metal is one of the most common and most dangerous contaminants in waste water that over time, with the strict standards of output, find more effective ways of eliminating them has always been a challenge. New methods, especially in the field of adsorption have achieved promising results in many cases.
    Polymers composites are one of the adsorbent for the removal of these contaminants have been considered. In this project Aniline and composites to remove arsenic and chromium were studied. In polymers synthesis factors like type of additives and oxidizing materials strongly effected on morphology of... 

    Application of TiO2 Nanotubes Fabricated by Anodizing of Titanium as a Suitable Substrate for Deposition of Active Materials for Use in the Supercapacitors

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Faraji, Masoud (Author) ; Gobal, Fereydoon (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis, the improving effects of TiO2 nanotubes (TiO2NTs) fabricated by anodizing of titanium as suitable substrate for deposition active materiales in supercapacitors were considered. PANI/Pd/TiO2NTs electrodes with highly porous structures and good capacitive characteristics were prepared by electrodeposition of polyaniline on palladium nanoparticles loaded TiO2 nanotubes. The results illustrated that the specific capacitance of these electrodes was around 1060 Fg−1 in 1.0 M H2SO4 electrolyte as measured at a constant current of 2.0 Ag−1, whereas it was 210 Fg−1 for the PANI/TiO2NTs electrode. NiO-ZnO/TiO2NTs electrodes were synthesized by the electrodeposition of... 

    Active Corrosion Protection Application of Conducting Polymer Coating on Steel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naghavi, Samira (Author) ; Ghorbani, Habib (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Corrosion is caused through chemical interactions between metal and gases in the surrounding environment. Conductive polymers are used for corrosion protection, polyaniline is the most environmentally stable out of all the conductive polymers, the most studied of this materials, is highly stable, synthesized easily, highly conducting, and readily converted between its various oxidation states.
    In this study we prepared nanoporous polyaniline coating on carbon steel to corrosion protection. Coating was included nanopouros polyaniline with doping molybdate (PANI-MoO_4^(-2)). To increase adhesion between steel and PANI-MoO_4^(-2) layer, oxalic acid was used. Polystyrene nanoparticle layer... 

    Study of CNT/ZnO/PANI Nanocomposite Biosensors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yazdanbakhsh Sorkhabi, Khashayar (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    For application as a biosensor electrode, Aligned Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) were produced on Stainless Steel 304 substrate by optimizing the CVD method. For better performance, Zinc Oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were coated on CNTs, using electrochemical deposition method at room temperature and process variables were optimized to acquire discrete particles with a narrow distribution. After that, Polyaniline, which is a conductive polymer, was electropolymerized on CNT/ZnO composite to further improve the electrocatalytic abilities of the electrode. The produced electrode was then used to detect glucose by Cyclic Voltammetry and Amperometry methods. This electrode shows a linear relationship... 

    Design and Fabrication of Nanocamposite Scaffold for Neural Tissue Engineering

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ramezani Farani, Marzieh (Author) ; Ramazani Saadat Abadi , Ahmad (Supervisor) ; Neamati, ZiaratAli (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nervous system plays an intricate biological process of man body.Damage of nervous system has serious consequences and is hard to recover, as well as the other parts of the body may not work properly. Many strategies have been used to repair spinal cord injuries in which the main objective is to improve the regeneration of axons and functional recovery. The purpose of this research is introducing neural tissue engineering concepts (e.g. scaffolds, stimulation and etc.) and also design and fabrication suitable for neural tissue engineering. For this purpose the combination of biodegradable polymers (chitosan),conductive polymer (poly-aniline) and carbon nanosheets (graphene) was chosen as the... 

    Three Dimensional Conductive Polymers within Metal-Rganicframeworks Asa new Extracting Medium with High Aspect Ratio Formicroextraction of Organiccompounds from Aquatic

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Javanmardi, Hassan (Author) ; Bagheri, Habib (Supervisor) ; Abbasi, Alireza (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    In this study, the SPME nanocomposite coating of metal organic framework/polyaniline (MOF/PANI) was fabricated by the electrochemical polymerization process. Its application was investigated via extraction of chlrobenzenes from head-space aqueous solution. The power supply voltage, time of deposition and the percent of added MOF to main polymer solution was investigated and optimized in the electrochemical polymerization process. Also extraction parameters influencing the extraction efficiency including ionic strength, extraction temperature, extraction time, as well as desorption temperature and time were investigated and optimized. The detection limits of the developed method under... 

    Preparation and Characterization of Self-healing Coatings Using Inhibitor Loaded Polymeric Nanocontainers

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Pirhady Tavandashti, Nahid (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The aim of this work was to synthesize hollow polyaniline nanostructures to be used as pH responsive nanoreservoirs for corrosion inhibitors in self-healing cotings. First, homogeneous and fairly monosized microspherers of polyaniline with nanosized shell was synthesized using a simple soft template method with β-naphthalene sulfonic acid (β-NSA) as both the surfactant and dopant, and ammonium persulfate (APS) as the oxidant at 2-5◦C. The morphology of PANI-NSA was successfully controlled from nanotubes to microsphere, by changing the synthesis conditions (i.e. pH, the concentration of surfactant and monomer, temperature, etc). Then, the nanostructured hollow PANI microspheres were applied... 

    Investigating Different Methods of Coating the Polyaniline on Anode Electrode and its Effect on Microbial Fuel Cell Performance

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghasemi, Behzad (Author) ; Yaghmaei, Soheila (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, different methods of coating polyaniline on the anode electrode and its performance in a microbial fuel cell, and a chemical method for making polyaniline / graphene catalyst on a cathode electrode and its performance in microbial electrolysis cell electrode were investigated. There are two main goals in this study. First, the production of polyaniline and the comparison of the surface morphology of this fiber with other forms of polyaniline on the surface of the electrode and its effect on the performance of the microbial fuel cell and the second, the production of polyaniline / graphene catalyst in the cathode electrode and its comparison with the platinum catalyst in the... 

    Preparation and Characterization of Supercapacitor Nanocomposites Based on Polyaniline and Hybrid of Nano Metal/Metal Oxide Particles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirzaei, Kamyar (Author) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Supercapacitors are one of the most important energy storage devices that have been researched with respect to the development of hybrid cars. Polymer composites have received much attention due to the electrochemical properties of conductive polymers and the synergistic effects of the composite components. In the present Thesis, in order to investigate the synergistic effect of gold nanoparticles with MnO2 nanorods as a metal oxide and polyaniline as a conductive polymer and graphene as a carbon material, two groups of composites were synthesized in the presence and absence of graphene. Characterization of the electrode material is carried out by XRD, FT-IR and FE-SEM tests. The... 

    Optimization of Morphology in Order to Produce Polypropylene Antistatic Fiber Containing Polyaniline

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khosronezhad, Fatemeh (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study, the synthesis conditions of polyaniline were optimized in order to produce a blend based on polypropylene (PP) containing polyaniline (PANI) with the electrical conductivity in the antistatic range. A form of PANI that has adequate electrical conductivity and thermal stability, which is suitable for melt-mixing and melt-spinning conditions, was synthesized. Thermal stability and electrical conductivity of polyaniline were investigated by thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential calorimetric analysis (DSC) and high-temperature electrical conductivity. It was found that the synthesized PANI has required thermal stability and electrical conductivity (106 ohm.cm) at the... 

    Fabrication of Conductive Electrospun Fibers for Smart Drug Delivery

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khanjari, Jafar (Author) ; Nemati, Ali (Supervisor) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In tissue engineering and nerve cell treatments, biocompatible and conductive substrates are needed to stimulate nerve cells. In this project, we fabricated a composite of polyaniline and gelatin along with metal-organic frameworks and graphene quantum dots, which perform this repair process for us. For this purpose, we used polyaniline. Due to its conductivity, this polymer stimulates the nervous tissue and in this way, it can perform the repair work. By conducting UV-Vis and FTIR tests, it was observed that the synthesis of aniline polymer has been achieved successfully. SEM analysis showed that the polymer chains were well formed. The other part of the composite used is MOF (metal-organic... 

    Synthesis of MXene/Polyaniline Composite as an Electrode Material for Supercapacitors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Borzou, Mohadeseh (Author) ; Khachatourian, Adrineh Malek (Supervisor) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor) ; Esfandiar, Ali (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Titanium carbide MXene (Ti_3 C_2 T_x) has attracted significant research interest because of its extraordinary advantages as advanced electrode material for energy storage. In this study, 4-aminodiphenylamine functionalized Ti_3 C_2 T_x/polyaniline composite synthesized by in situ growth of PANI on 4-aminodiphenylamine functionalized Ti_3 C_2 T_x nanosheets. First, Ti_3 C_2 T_x MXene nanosheets was prepared according to the minimally intensive layer delamination (MILD) method followed by sonication. Ti_3 C_2 T_x nanosheets were modified with 4-aminodiphenylamine diazonium salt. The FTIR، FE-SEM and EDS analysis were used to characterize modified Ti_3 C_2 T_x. Finally, the Ti_3 C_2 T_x... 

    Microstructure Modification and Electrical Conductivity Development in PA6/PS Blend using PANI Coated CNT

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Soleimani, Elahe (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, a nanocomposite blend of polyamide 6/polystyrene containing polyaniline-coated carbon nanotubes was fabricated via melt blending method, aiming to achieve electrical conductivity in the range of static dissipation. The effect of weight percentage of nanofillers and surface modification of carbon nanotubes with polyaniline on the electrical properties and microstructure of the nanocomposite was investigated. To promote compatibility between the immiscible polyamide 6 and polystyrene polymers, PS-g-MA compatibilizer was utilized, and its effect on the morphology of the nanocomposite blend was examined. Additionally, the influence of weight percentage of nanofillers and the... 

    Fabrication of Stretchable, Skin-like and Conductive Hydrogel Based on Cellulose Nanocrystal As a Strain Sensor Monitoring Human Motions

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Rahmani, Pooria (Author) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Hydrogels are of growing interest for fabrication of wearable strain sensors due to their intrinsic ionic conductivity, flexibility, and biocompatibility. Herein, to improve the mechanical properties of hydrogels, conventional covalent crosslinking is replaced with novel physical cross-linking. First, the microstructure and properties of pure hydrogel is optimized. Then, Cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) is added to the optimized gel to reinforce it. Finally, through a sequential strategy, aniline monomers are diffused into the gel network and are in-situ polymerized accordingly, providing high conductivity of 21.7 S/m. The resulting hydrogel has the stretchability of 2500% and the toughness of...