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    Numerical Optimization of a Small Annular Combustor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taghinejad, Valiollah (Author) ; Mazaheri, Karim (Supervisor)
    Turbojet engine combustors play a key role to convert energy with very high rates. To reach this goal, the combustor must satisfy many conflicting requirements. Complexity of the flow field inside the combustormakes the 2D or 3D analysis very difficult. In this thesis, a quasi one-dimensional software is developed applying empirical and analytical 1D relations. Using data for a mini-turbojet engine, the range of some important design parameters is extracted and then a new combustor is designed using both velocity and pressure loss methods. Different disigns are investigated and are compared by employing an extended version of the simulation software. Due to the unacceptable performance... 

    Design and Analysis of Vibration-Based, Friction-Drive Micro-Mechanisms for Planar, Nano-Scale Locomotion

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kamali Eigoli, Ali (Author) ; Vossoughi, Gholamreza (Supervisor)
    Design and modeling of a micromechanism for generating planar, nano-scaled locomotion is the subject of this thesis. First, we introduced the concepts and fundamental definitions used throughout the thesis. Then, based on the classification of the locomotion principles employed in microrobots, the related literature about design and fabrication of different microrobots is investigated. Inertial slip generation and contact force variation, as the preferred group, is utilized for further analysis. Since friction force is the main propelling source in the microrobot’s locomotion principle, different models proposed for this phenomenon are investigated and the Coulomb friction model is selected... 

    Cascade Impactor Modeling and Design

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kermanshahi Monfared, Navid (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor) ; Sani, Mahdi (Supervisor)
    Cascade impactors are the instruments which are used to assess the particle size distribution and the cut off diameter. Cascade impactors are wildly used for hygiene purposes, environmental, and toxicological studies. However, to find out the accurate size distribution, the cut off diameter of each stage which is different for different types of impactors with different geometry specifications should be determined. In this study first the basis of the cascade impactor operation is described. Next, different types of cascade impactors are introduced, and the Andersen Cascade Impactor (ACI) is chosen to design. The design criteria are explained and the dimension of each stage, entrance cone,... 

    On the Nonlinear Dynamics and Bifurcations in a New Class of MEMS Gyroscopes with Parametric Resonance

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pakniyat, Ali (Author) ; Salarieh, Hassan (Supervisor) ; Alasti, Aria (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, implementing parametric resonance for the purpose of improvement in sensitivity of MEMS gyroscopes is studied. Based on a parametric study on effect of each factor on the sensor’s performance, the desired values for each parameter is determined. Stability of periodic orbits is studied using Floquet Theory. In addition, three expositions are defined and proved in order to make Floquet Theory applicable for stability analysis of origin. Based on this analysis, the relation between stabilities in the system and occurrence of parametric resonance is illustrated. Due to the complexity of dynamics of a parametrically excited MEMS gyroscope, bifurcations are observed in performance... 

    Preliminary Analysis of a Thermo Acoustic Heat Pump (THP) In Lab Scale

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khatib, Abolfazl (Author) ; Ghorbanian, Kaveh (Supervisor)
    thermoacuostic heat pump (THP) is One of the most important thermoacuostic applications which is used for heat lost recovery in industrial applications and civil applications.In this project, we have a quick review on thermoacuostic theory and researches in this field. Also a thermoacuostic heat pump in a lab scale will be designed and analyzed.For achieving this goal, first, mathematical equations of thermoacuostic systems are reviewed; a thermoacuostic heat pump is designed on the base of Tijani method and final model is validated by DeltaEC software. In the next step, after investigating about laboratory equipments which is used in testing process, we generate test matrix and study about... 

    Design and Control of a Three-Phase Telecom Rectifier with Single-Stage Structure and Power Factor Correction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadpour, Ali (Author) ; Zolghadri, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    The objective of this project is to design and control a single-stage three-phase unity power factor telecom rectifier. Following a comprehensive literature review on single-stage three-phase AC-DC converters, high-frequency isolated three-switch buck rectifier is selected. In this thesis, the analysis, design, and control of isolated buck converter is based on previously developed methods for classic three-switch buck rectifier. Three-phase isolated buck+boost rectifier is introduced by integrating a boost converter to the isolated three-phase three-switch buck rectifier and modified control structure. The proposed structure is simple and has good performance for heavily unbalanced mains... 

    Interaction Between Tunnel and Adjacent Structures Using a Two Dimensional Finite Element Analysis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nematiomabad, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Sadaghiani, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor)
    This research concerns a study of the interaction between tunneling and adjacent structures. Analysis is performed using a full two-dimensional finite element model, which takes into consideration the presence of adjacent structure with regard to distance to tunnel and diameter of tunnel during construction of the tunnel. The soil behavior is assumed to be governed by an elastic perfectly-plastic constitutive relation based on Mohr-Coulomb criterion with a non-associated flow rule. The research is composed of two parts. However, compatibility of each method with beam and solid continuum element models in two dimensional finite element (FE) analysis was investigated. The first part describes... 

    Design, modeling and analysis of a single phase Brushless Doubly-Fed Generator

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Haji Mohammad Amini, Hashem (Author) ; Oraee Mirzamani, Hashem (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, we consider design, modeling, and analysis of a single-phase Brushless Doubly-Fed Machine (BDFM). Generally, this type of machine is called the Brushless Doubly-Fed Induction Machine (BDFIM), that is a new class of induction machines. BDFM is a type of AC machines that requires two alternative power sources. One of the stators windings, called Power Winding, is connected to the network grid and the other one, which is called Control Winding, is connected via a converter, which is in the order of one-third of the nominal power of the machine, to the grid. Like the other types of induction machines, BDFM can also work as a generator or motor. The important criteria of this... 

    Design of Tensegrity Structure as Supporting Structure of Mesh-Like Deployable Antenna for use in Micro-Satellites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Talebi, Behnam (Author) ; Abedian, Ali (Supervisor)
    Deployable structures have been used on small satellites since the beginning of such space programmes. Here, the design sequence for a special tensegrity structure, for use as supporting structure for deployable mesh-like antenna will be proposed. The design process is conducted to prevent structural elements from failure, and satisfy the minimum specified natural frequency. In this research, structural modeling is performed based on two external geometric parameters (overall height and diameter), and three internal geometric parameters (elements cross-section properties). The pre-stress in structural element is the last design parameter. Also, materials are pre-assigned. Internal forces of... 

    Design and Simulation (& Manufacturing) of A Micro-Gyroscope

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Soltani, Arman (Author) ; Akbari, Javad (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, microgyroscopes are among the most important products of MEMS. The production of small, precise and inexpensive gyroscopes has become possible as the result of recent developments in fabrication technology. In this thesis it is intended to introduce a new method for manufacturing more precise microgyroscopes regarding manufacture facilities. Using this new method, sensitivity and resistance of microgyroscopes are increased against noises which are primarily caused by vibration and rotation about undesirable axes. The rotational movement imposed on the gyro is detected through fluid flow within its torus channel. This transformation facilitates the measurement of the initial motion....