Search for: monolayers
Total 58 records
Single-layer MoS2-MoO3-x heterojunction nanosheets with simultaneous photoluminescence and co-photocatalytic features, Article Catalysts ; Volume 11, Issue 12 , 2021 ; 20734344 (ISSN) ; Akhavan, O ; Fazli, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Single-layer MoS2-MoO3-x heterojunction nanosheets with visible-light-sensitive band gap energy and average lateral dimensions of ~70 nm were synthesized by using a two-step combined exfoliation method. The exfoliation was initiated from pristine MoS2, while some sulfur sites in expanded MoS2 sheets during exfoliating were substituted by ambient non-thermal oxygen, resulting in formation of α-MoO3-x crystalline domains. The morphological features, crystalline structure, phase formation, number of layers, and optical properties of the MoS2-MoO3-x nanosheets were determined by atomic force microscopy; X-ray diffraction; field emission electron microscopy; transmission electron microscopy; and...
Gold electrode modified with self-assembled monolayer of cysteamine-functionalized mwcnt and its application in simultaneous determination of dopamine and uric acid, Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 24, Issue 2 , February , 2012 , Pages 425-432 ; 10400397 (ISSN) ; Mahdavi Shakib, A ; Ghalkhani, M ; Saberi, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology
The voltammetric behavior of dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA) on a gold electrode modified with self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of cysteamine (CA) conjugated with functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was investigated. The film modifier of functionalized SAM was characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and also, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) using para-hydroquinone (PHQ) as a redox probe. For the binary mixture of DA and UA, the voltammetric signals of these two compounds can be well separated from each other, allowing simultaneous determination of DA and UA. The effect of various experimental parameters on the voltammetric responses of DA and...
Chemically bonded carbon nanotubes on modified gold substrate as novel unbreakable solid phase microextraction fiber, Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 174, Issue 3 , September , 2011 , Pages 295-301 ; 00263672 (ISSN) ; Ayazi, Z ; Sistani, H ; Sharif University of Technology
A new technique is introduced for preparation of an unbreakable fiber using gold wire as a substrate for solid phase microextraction (SPME). A gold wire is used as a solid support, onto which a first film is deposited that consists of a two-dimensional polymer obtained by hydrolysis of a self-assembled monolayer of 3-(trimethoxysilyl)-1-propanthiol. This first film is covered with a layer of 3-(triethoxysilyl)-propylamine. Next, a stationary phase of oxidized multi-walled carbon nanotubes was chemically bound to the surface. The synthetic strategy was verified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Thermal stability of new fiber was examined by...
Rapid and simultaneous determination of tetracycline and cefixime antibiotics by mean of gold nanoparticles-screen printed gold electrode and chemometrics tools, Article Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation ; Vol. 47, Issue. 1 , 2014 , pp. 145-149 ; ISSN: 02632241 ; Mani-Varnosfaderani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
The screen-printed gold electrode (SPGE) modified with the formation of self-assembly monolayer (SAM) of cysteine (Cys) on gold-nanoparticles (Au nano) was utilized for rapid and simultaneous determination of tetracycline and cefixime antibiotics by square wave voltammetry (SWV). Electrochemical investigation and characterization of the modified electrode was achieved using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A principal component artificial neural network (PCANN) with three layer back-propagation network was utilized for the analysis of the voltammogram data. It is possible to simultaneously determine the tetracycline and cefixime concentrations in the ranges of...
Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Safarian, Amin Ghasem ; Pourfath, Mahdi
Transistors’ miniaturization and advent of short-channel effects causes searching for another devices with least adverse characteristics in short channels. Among all the considered devices, monolayer transistors attracted the attention. Although most of the papers in literature focused on the physical phenomenon of the device, circuit design of these transistors have been overlooked. Most of the papers related to monolayer transistors did not explain the design methodology of their circuits and they confined their work just to the report of the circuits constructed with 2D-based transistors. In order to take advantage of 2D materials in electronic circuits, simple modelling for...
Biosorption of Zinc Ions Using Biomasses Produced From Four Different Types of Microbes Under Batch and Continuous Conditions, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Roostaazad, Reza ; Razavi, Jalil
Biosorption capacity of zinc (II) by biomasses produced from four species of microorganism including two kinds of bacteria (Pseudomonas putida and Streptomyces rimosus) and two kinds of fungi ( Aspergillus niger and Phanerochate chrysosporium) in batch case were investigated and compared. In all cases dried original bio mass and dried pretreated bio mass with NaOH were used. In all cases biosorption capacity of pretreated biomasses were much higher than non-treated biuomasses to the ratio of 3.8 – 1.4 times. Freundlich and Langmuir equilibrium isotherms were used to match with experimental results of this research. Except S.rimosus, all others were completely matched with Langmuir...
Application of sol-gel based molecularly imprinted xerogel for on-line capillary microextraction of fentanyl from urine and plasma samples, Article Analytical Methods ; Volume 5, Issue 24 , 2013 , Pages 7096-7101 ; 17599660 (ISSN) ; Piri-Moghadam, H ; Bayat, P ; Balalaie, S ; Sharif University of Technology
A molecularly imprinted xerogel (MIX) for fentanyl was successfully prepared on the inner surface of a copper tube by sol-gel technology. Primarily, the tube was treated by self-assembly monolayers of 3-(mercaptopropyl) trimethoxysilane and then [3-(2,3-epoxypropoxy)-propyl]-trimethoxysilane was employed as a precursor for imprinting the template molecule in acidic conditions. During the sol-gel process influential parameters including volume and concentration of fentanyl were carefully investigated to obtain the most efficient and appropriate xerogel. In parallel, a non-imprinted xerogel (NIX) was synthesized in the absence of fentanyl. The extraction efficiencies achieved from MIX and NIX,...
Impedance spectroscopy study of aluminum electrocrystallization from basic molten salt (AlCl3-NaCl-KCl), Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 52, Issue 17 , 2007 , Pages 5437-5443 ; 00134686 (ISSN) ; Gobal, F ; Danaee, I ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
Aluminum electrocrystallization is studied by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). A model based on random birth and deterministic growth of monolayers is proposed, in which the edges are assumed to follow a propagation law. The high frequency impedance data show charge transfer reaction of AlCl4- reduction while the low frequency features signifies the growth mode of deposits. The inductive response observed in the course of polycrystalline deposition reflects the activation of electrode area while a capacitive loop appears in regular growth. Parameters of impedance model in this system can be calculated from the fitting of experimental data to the Faradaic impedance...
Improving ION / IOFF and sub-threshold swing in graphene nanoribbon field-effect transistors using single vacancy defects, Article Superlattices and Microstructures ; Volume 86 , October , 2015 , Pages 483-492 ; 07496036 (ISSN) ; Faez, R ; Shamloo, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Academic Press 2015
Graphene nanoribbon field effect transistors are promising devices for beyond-CMOS nanoelectronics. Graphene is a semiconductor material with zero bandgap and its bandgap must be changed. One of the opening bandgap methods is using graphene nanoribbons. By applying a defect, there is more increase on band gap of monolayer armchair graphene nanoribbon field effect transistor. So, by applying more than one defect, we can reach to much more increase in bandgap of graphene nanoribbon field effect transistors (GNRFET). In this paper, double-gated monolayer armchair graphene nanoribbon field effect transistors (GNRFET) with one single vacancy (1SV) defect (so-called 1SVGNRFET)are simulated and...
Self-assembled monolayer of wavelength-scale core-shell particles for low-loss plasmonic and broadband light trapping in solar cells, Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , 2016 , Pages 247-255 ; 19448244 (ISSN) ; Malekshahi Byranvand, M ; Naqavi, A ; Nemati Kharat, A ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
American Chemical Society
Scattering particles constitute a key light trapping solution for thin film photovoltaics where either the particles are embedded in the light absorbing layer or a thick layer of them is used as a reflector. Here we introduce a monolayer of wavelength-scale core-shell silica@Ag particles as a novel light trapping strategy for thin film photovoltaics. These particles show hybrid photonic-plasmonic resonance modes that scatter light strongly and with small parasitic absorption losses in Ag (<1.5%). In addition, their scattering efficiency does not vary significantly with the refractive index of the surrounding medium. A monolayer of these particles is applied as the top-scattering layers in a...
Specific picomolar detection of a breast cancer biomarker her-2/neu protein in serum: electrocatalytically amplified electroanalysis by the aptamer/peg-modified electrode, Article ChemElectroChem ; Volume 4, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 872-879 ; 21960216 (ISSN) ; Kékedy Nagy, L ; Ferapontova, E. E ; Sharif University of Technology
Wiley-VCH Verlag 2017
Specific and sensitive electroanalysis of blood-circulating protein cancer biomarkers is often complicated by interference from serum proteins nonspecifically adsorbing at the biosensing interface and masking specific reactions of interest. Here, we have developed an electrocatalytically amplified assay for specific and sensitive analysis of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2/neu, a protein cancer biomarker over-expressed in breast cancers) that allows us to avoid both the interference from bovine serum albumin (BSA) and electrocatalytic amplification of the signal stemming from the specific aptamer−HER-2/neu binding. A HER-2/neu-specific thiolated aptamer sequence was...
Article Journal of Computational Electronics ; Volume 18, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 826-835 ; 15698025 (ISSN) ; Berahman, M ; Asgari, R ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer New York LLC 2019
The interactions between four different gas molecules (methanol, o-xylene, p-xylene and m-xylene) and Ni-decorated monolayer MoS2 were investigated by means of density functional computations to exploit its potential application as a gas sensor. The electronic properties of the Ni-decorated monolayer MoS2 and gas molecule (adsorbent–adsorbate properties) strongly depend on the Ni-decorated monolayer MoS2 structure and the molecular configuration of the adsorbate. The adsorption properties of volatile organic compound (VOC) molecules on Ni-decorated MoS2 has been studied taking into account the parameters such as adsorption energy, energy bandgap, density of states, and Mulliken charge...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Faez, Rahim
In this thesis the effects of impurities and different defects on electrical and magnetic properties of monolayer and bilayer graphene is investigated. Calculations are performed using density function theory. Alloying monolayer graphene with boron and nitrogen the energy gaps of 0.7 and 0.6 eV are obtained, respectively. Moreover, we show that BN is a good candidate for opening the band gap in graphene. Alloying monolayer graphene with BN the energy gap of 1.2 eV is obtained. Another way of opening band gap is to somehow break the symmetry between layers of the bilayer graphene. By alloying one layers of bilayer graphene with B, N or B-N, although the symmetry of layers is broken, each...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Khorasheh, Farhad
Propylene, as one of the most important raw materials of petrochemical industries, is produced through different methods. One of the major methods is propane dehydrogenation. This reaction is endothermic and many by-products will be produced in high temperature. Therefore catalytic dehydrogenation is preferred. Reduction in catalyst's activity and too many side reactions are the most important problems. Coke formation is the most effective reason of deactivation. Main source of coke is propylene. Experiments show that very small amount of water presence within reaction can reduce rate of coke formation. Water content growth does not always increase activity. If water be more than optimum...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Rosta Azad, Reza ; Yagmaei, Soheila ; Sana, Solat
In this work, biosorption of Zirconium from aqueous solution by A.niger as a biosorbent was investigated. For this goal, both of live and dried biomasses were used. The effect of factors pH, temperature, contact time, initial concentration of metal and biomass dosage were investigated on biosorption. To preparing dried biomass,the live biomass was dried at 60-80 º C for 24 hr and then this dried cell was crushed by mortar and pestle and the drying biomass was ground through a set of sieve with 100 mesh. Also, effect of the pretreatment of biomass by NaOH 0.5 M on biosorption was studied. Optimization of factors was performed by Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The experiments were...
An Experimental-Theoretical Study on Batch (Static) Sublimation and Derivation of a Correlation for its Heat Transfer Coefficient, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Otukesh, Mohammad
The major features of batch sublimation were investigated in an experimental-theoretical study. An experimental setup with real-time displays, sublimated dry ice blocks of different sizes, with circular or rectangular geometries. When temperature of hotplate was changed from -30 to 200 oC, heat transfer coefficient “hsub” decreased from 126 to 70 W/m2K, while thermal flux increased, linearly. Weight and area of the block had a positive/negative effects on “hsub”, respectively. In theoretical part, at first, two “linear-gradient” and “cubic” models were developed by a combined mass-momentum-energy balance. The latter used Von Karman temperature profile, and in cases of circular and...
Investigation of asphaltene adsorption in sandstone core sample during CO2 injection: Experimental and modified modeling, Article Fuel ; Vol. 133 , 2014 , Pages 63-72 ; ISSN: 00162361 ; Ghotbi, C ; Taghikhani, V ; Shahrabadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
In this work, asphaltene adsorption in a sandstone core sample under dynamic conditions and during miscible CO2 injection was studied using live oil sample which is close to real conditions in petroleum reservoirs. In order to investigate of damage in sandstone core sample by the deposited material such as asphaltene, the morphology analysis of sandstone core sample using scanning electron microscopic method was studied. Also analyses of the adsorbed material in sandstone core sample by Soxhlet extraction using an azeotrope mixture and with SARA method were performed. The experimental results show that by increasing the flow rate of injected CO2, the amount of asphaltene in retained material...
A new model based on multilayer kinetic adsorption mechanism for asphaltenes adsorption in porous media during dynamic condition, Article Fluid Phase Equilibria ; Vol. 375, issue , 2014 , Pages 236-245 ; ISSN: 03783812 ; Ghotbi, C ; Taghikhani, V ; Shahrabadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
In this work, a new model based on multilayer kinetic adsorption mechanism has been proposed to account asphaltene adsorption in porous media under dynamic condition and the model was verified using experimental data obtained in this work and also with those reported in the literature. In the proposed model two steps are considered for asphaltene adsorption. The first step is taken as adsorption of asphaltenes on the surface of the porous media and the second step is taken as adsorption of asphaltenes on the asphaltenes already adsorbed on the porous media. The Crank-Nicholson method, central difference in space and trapezoidal rule in time, giving second order convergence in time was...
Extreme light absorption in a necking-free monolayer of resonant-size nanoparticles for photoelectrochemical cells, Article Journal of Optics (United Kingdom) ; Vol. 16, issue. 7 , 2014 ; ISSN: 20408978 ; Sharif University of Technology
Semiconductor photoelectrodes for water oxidation that absorb visible light usually have poor electronic transport properties and small optical absorption coefficients near their absorption edge. Therefore, innovative designs that lead to significant optical absorption in relatively thin layers of these compounds are highly desirable. Here, using full-field electromagnetic optical simulations, we demonstrate that a monolayer of resonant-size BiVO4 spheres can provide enhancement up to a factor of two in solar light absorption relative to dense planar layers. In this monolayer, BiVO4 spheres do not need to be interconnected; therefore, such monolayers are flexible and their fabrication...
Ab initio study of electronic effects in the ZnO/TiO2 core/shell interface: Application in dye sensitized solar cells, Article RSC Advances ; Vol. 4, issue. 1 , April , 2014 , p. 301-307 ; Nafari, N ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Core/shell structure of ZnO nanowires coated with a monolayer of TiO 2 is investigated using Density Functional Theory (DFT). The electronic states of the semiconductor is calculated and compared before and after coating of the TiO2 monolayer on a ZnO [101 0] surface. The effect of TiO2 coating induce surface states changes and shifts the conduction and valence band edges to higher energies. Our results, in qualitative agreement with the experimental work of Matt Law et al. (J. Phys. Chem. B, 110, 22652), show an increase in open circuit voltage and a decrease in short circuit current in ZnO/TiO2 core shell dye sensitized solar cells. Regarding the semiconductor density of states (DOS), TiO2...