Graphene-based nanoparticles as potential treatment options for parkinson’s disease: A molecular dynamics study

Alimohammadi, E ; Sharif University of Technology | 2020

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S265140
  3. Publisher: Dove Medical Press Ltd , 2020
  4. Abstract:
  5. Introduction: The study of abnormal aggregation of proteins in different tissues of the body has recently earned great attention from researchers in various fields of science. Concerning neurological diseases, for instance, the accumulation of amyloid fibrils can contribute to Parkinson’s disease, a progressively severe neurodegenerative disorder. The most prominent features of this disease are the degeneration of neurons in the substantia nigra and accumulation of α-synuclein aggregates, especially in the brainstem, spinal cord, and cortical areas. Dopamine replacement therapies and other medications have reduced motor impairment and had positive consequences on patients’ quality of life. However, if these medications are stopped, symptoms of the disease will recur even more severely. Therefore, the improvement of therapies targeting more basic mechanisms like prevention of amyloid formation seems to be critical. It has been shown that the interactions between monolayers like graphene and amyloids could prevent their fibrillation. Methods: For the first time, the impact of four types of last-generation graphene-based nanostructures on the prevention of α-synuclein amyloid fibrillation was investigated in this study by using molecular dynamics simulation tools. Results: Although all monolayers were shown to prevent amyloid fibrillation, nitrogen-doped graphene (N-Graphene) caused the most instability in the secondary structure of α-synuclein amyloids. Moreover, among the four monolayers, N-Graphene was shown to present the highest absolute value of interaction energy, the lowest contact level of amyloid particles, the highest number of hydrogen bonds between water and amyloid molecules, the highest instability caused in α-synuclein particles, and the most significant decrease in the compactness of α-synuclein protein. Discussion: Ultimately, it was concluded that N-Graphene could be the most effective monolayer to disrupt amyloid fibrillation, and consequently, prevent the progression of Parkinson’s disease. © 2020 Alimohammadi et al
  6. Keywords:
  7. Amyloid ; Graphene ; Molecular dynamics ; Parkinson’s disease ; α-synuclein ; Alpha synuclein ; Nanoparticle ; Nitrogen ; Water ; Amyloidosis ; Article ; Human ; Hydrogen bond ; Nonhuman ; Parkinson disease ; particle size ; protein secondary structure ; Protein stability
  8. Source: International Journal of Nanomedicine ; Volume 15 , 2020 , Pages 6887-6903
  9. URL: https://www.dovepress.com/graphene-based-nanoparticles-as-potential-treatment-options-for-parkin-peer-reviewed-article-IJN