Search for: activated-carbon
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    Bioregeneration of Granular activated carbon (GAC) contaminated with phenolic compounds

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahangar, Ata Ollah (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Borghei, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    This project surveys bioregeneration of granular activated carbons contaminated with phenolic compounds. To carry out this survey, the procedure of phenol absorption on the surface of activated carbon was studied and their adsorption isotherms were calculated. In the first step, newly activated carbon was contaminated with phenol solution and optimum amount of carbon in phenol elimination was 0.5g. Then, the effect of time contact on phenol elimination was studied and eventually 1 hour of time contact was determined as the equilibrium time of phenol adsorption. In the second step, kinetics of adsorption of phenol and different stages of adsorption were studied. The results of this study... 

    Experimental Studies for Construction of a Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) in Continuous Flow Mode

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sadeghi Haskoo, Mohammad Amin (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr (Supervisor) ; Aalemzadeh, Iran (Supervisor)
    In this research performance of microbial fuel cells (MFCs) in continuous flow mode was studied. Different anodic chambers were tested and it was found that granular activated carbons (GACs) produced the highest power density (1228 mW/m3) in comparison with multiple anodes (731 mW/m3), single anode (294 mW/m3) and polymeric packings (40 mW/m3). It was also shown that in a plug-anodic chamber (PAC) the power output is reduced by reducing agitation of anodic volume. Adding more GACs to anodic chamber results in power increase, however by increasing occupied volume from 80% to 100% the power increase was negligible in result of cathodic reactions limitations. Feed flowrate was increased from... 

    Study of the MBR System for the Removal of Ethyl Benzene and Styrene from Petrochemical Wastewater and Process Optimization by Reducing Membrane Fouling

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hazrati, Hossein (Author) ; Shayegan, Jalaloddin (Supervisor)
    In this thesis was investigated the effect of solid retention time (SRT), Hydraulic retention time (HRT), activated carbon and suspended carrier on styrene and ethylbenzene biological removal and also on membrane fouling. In addition to the typical analysis (COD, MLSS, MLVSS, and SVI), the flocculation ability, sludge particle size distribution (PSD), FTIR analysis, excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy, soluble microbial product (SMP), extracellular polymeric substance (EPS), microscopic observations, microbial activities, microorganism population, and filamentous bacteria are considered to determine sludge characteristics. This study was done in five sections: in the... 

    Comparison of Activated Carbon from Cellulose Resources in Separating Oil Pollutants from Contaminated Water (Case Study: Benzene)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Soltani, Samira (Author) ; Borgheie, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Activated carbon, as an adsorbent with a high adsorption capacity and low cost, has many applications in liquid and gas adsorption processes. Among the adsorption of liquid phase, there are examples of drinking water purification, wastewater treatment, food industry, brewery, chemical separation (acids, amines, glycerin and glycols), enzymes ... and in adsorption from the gas phase there are examples of removing toxic compounds Containing sulfur and recycling sulfur, purifying biogas, use in gas masks, etc. Various materials can be used as raw material to make activated carbon. Materials such as walnut, almonds, coconut, pine, corn, etc. In this thesis, a feasibility study on the production... 

    Kinetics Investigation of the Degradation of Environmental Pollutants by Fenton and Electro-Fenton Processes using Nanomagnetite and Nano Magnetite Supported by Activated Carbon

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Askari, Neda (Author) ; Rahmansetayesh, Shahrbano (Supervisor)
    The progress and the development of various industries, pollutants derived from the agricultural and industrial processes contaminate the environment. The degradation of these pollutants have an important effect on the environment.Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles and magnetite supported on functionalized activated carbon were synthesized and characterized by different techniques such as SEM, FT-IR, XRD, BET and VSM. The catalyst activity of these nanocatalysts was evaluated by the degradation of reactive red ME4BL (RRME4BL) textile dye in heterogeneous Fenton and electro-Fenton processes as a model pollutant. The effect of several parameters such as H2O2, RRME4BL concentration, the amount of... 

    Recovery of Platinum and Palladium from Waste Catalysts of Petroleum Industry

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asadzadeh, Mojtaba (Author) ; Sajadi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Matloubi Moghadam, Firouz (Supervisor)
    The petroleum industry is one of the technological applications which more platinum-group metals (PGM) employs. Therefore, the recovery of the PGMs from the waste catalysts of petroleum industry could be an important source to obtain these precious metals, with economic and environmental consequences.
    In this work, the recovery of platinum and palladium from petroleum catalysts has been studied using waste RG-582 and LD-265 catalysts. Both catalyst were characterized through XRF, XRD and AAS. Aqua regia used as a leaching agent and The effect of dissolution temperature and time, liquid/ solid ratio (L/S), size of particles and elimination of coke was investigated. Under optimized... 

    Feasibility Study of Using Nutshell Filters Enriched with Potassium Hydroxide for Chromium Removal

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini Taleghani, Ali (Author) ; Borghei, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Activated Carbon as a highly efficient and low price absorbent has manifold functions in separation and absorption processes in liquid or gas phases. These applications in liquid phase include bleaching in sugar syrup, water and wastewater treatment and in gas phase utilizing them in gas masks and solvent recycling process. Wide variety of base materials could be used to produce activated carbon. For instance rare cellulose materials -wood, coconut shell, Pyrenees and agricultural wastes-, carbon materials-coal, petroleum coke, tar- and polymer materials- tires and plastics wastes- could be mentioned. In this thesis, feasibility of producing activated carbon based on using walnut, almond... 

    Monitoring of Chemical Elements and Cane Juice Impurities and the Effect on Raw Sugar Waste Agro- Industry Hakim Farbi

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadiyan Fard, Ziba (Author) ; Matloubi Moghaddam, Firouz (Supervisor) ; Alamolhoda, Ali Asghar (Co-Advisor)
    Cane sugar impurities cause reduse production sugar in cane sugar industry.These impurities include polysaccharide for example starch, dextran and inorganic ash constituent such as potassium, sodium calcium magnesium and silica .The amount of impurities in the cane sugar depend on many factors including variety , grooving conditions and regional climate. Removal of impurities from cane sugar juice by clarification is an essential part of process of raw sugar manufacture. This process is based on the addition of lime, phosphates and polyelectrolyte. In this study effect of the amount of lime, phosphates and poly electrolyte on removal of various impurities has been investigated.In addition... 

    BTEX Removal from Aqueous Alkanolamines by Adsorption Method with Active Carbon

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hassanzadeh, Nadia (Author) ; Safe Kordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Taghi Zoghi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Natural gas contains small amount of benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and meta-xylene (BTEX). These compounds are soluble in amine solutions and accumulate in aqueous amine solution during sour gas removal process. They produce problems such as foaming in amine adsorption columns. The aim of this work is to study BTEX removal from aqueous amine solution by means of activated carbon. Three different commercially available granular activated carbons were used in experiments. Experiments were divided in static and dynamic adsorption categories. In the static tests, equilibrium adsorption of all three activated carbons were performed and the most effective activated carbon sample determined by... 

    Synthesis and Experimental Study of Nano-Carbon Adsorbent for Natural Gas Storage

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Roohollahi, Hossein (Author) ; Soltanieh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Rashidi, Ali Morad (Co-Advisor)
    The major obstacle in using natural gas as a clean and abundant fuel in transportation industries is the low density of energy obtained from its combustion. Adsorbed Natural Gas (ANG) is a useful method to increase the energy density and store the natural gas. The lower cost and higher safety have made it different from the other storage technologies. In addition, ANG can be useful to solve the lack of gas in the peak of consumption. Among all adsorbents, Activated Carbon (AC) has shown the highest adsorption capacity of natural gas. In the present project, walnut shell has been used as the precursor in the chemical synthesise of AC. The main effective factors in chemical activation, such as... 

    Investigation of Adsorption on Mixed Adsorbents

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Firouzbakht, Behnaz (Author) ; Safe Kordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor)
    Adsorption of acetone vapors on mixture of silica gel and activated carbon was studied. Adsorption is defined as the attraction adsorbate (liquid or gas) particles onto the surface of a solid (porous solid). Most of the experimental works are adsorption of a one or more component on an adsorbent. Presence of two or more adsorbents together may effect on adsorption rate, uptake and thermodynamic conditions. When we have limitation in using a kind of adsorbent, these results can be helpful. There are several motivating reasons for the study of adsorption on adsorbent mixtures. During the adsorbent manufacturing process, multiple batches may differ slightly from each other(and from the customer... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of TiO2 Based on Carbon (Activated Carbon and Carbon Nanotube) and Investigation of its Catalytic Activity on Environmental Pollutions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zarezade, Mitra (Author) ; Gholami, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Pure NanoParticles of TiO2 and Nanocomposite catalysts of TiO2 , activated carbon (TiO2/AC) and multi-walled carbon nanotube (TiO2/MWCNT) were prepared by a sol –Gel method using TetraisoPropylorthotitanat (Tipt) as a precursor. The catalysts were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), diffuse reflectance uv-vis spectroscopy (DRS) and N2 adsorption – desorption measurements. The photoactivity of samples was evaluated by Acid Blue 92 (AB 92) degradation. The analysis results show that compared with pure Nanoparticles of TiO2, the spherical – shaped TiO2 particles are well – dispersed in TiO2/AC. In TiO2/MWCNT, the coating has special mechanism that... 

    Preparation and Investigations of Flexible Supercapacitors Using Nanocomposites with Graphene-based Structures and Layered double hydroxide Ni/Co and Manganese Molybdate

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mehrabi Matin, Bahareh (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor) ; Iraji-zad, Azam (Supervisor)
    In the first part of this research, for the first time, we introduced a flexible high performance graphene-based supercapacitor using silver fiber fabric as the current collector. The silver fiber fabric offers remarkable advantages such as light weight, mechanical flexibility and ease of integration with electronic textiles, which well-suited for wearable energy storage devices. A new hybrid material of graphene-silver fiber fabric (rGO/SFF) was prepared through a facile electrophoretic deposition of graphene and being used as a binder-free flexible supercapacitor electrode. In order to obtain the optimum condition, the effect of deposition time was investigated and a duration time of 10... 

    Synthesis of Hybrid Nano-Adsorbent for CO2 Adsorption

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pourrangbar, Mohammad (Author) ; Molaei Dehkordi, Asghar (Supervisor) ; Rashidi, Ali Moradi (Supervisor)
    CO2 as a green house gas plays a significant role in the global warming and weather changes. Absorption by means of amine solutions is the main industrial technique for separating of CO2 from gas mixtures. Hazards associated with high temperature during solvent recovery, large size of equipment, corrosion, solvent degradation, and other reasons has made researchers to look for alternative processes such as adsorption. The aim of this study was to synthesis and modify the nano adsorbent for CO2 capture. To fulfill this purpose, various nano silica structures were synthesized and the amount of adsorption of each sample was determined. To investigate the performance capability nano_adsorbents,... 

    Methane Adsorption on Activated Carbon Prepared from Lignocellulosic Materials

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zaroudi, Maryam (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Bozorgzadeh, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    One of the methods for adsorption of natural gas that has economical, operational and environmental preferences as an alternative energy source is storage as an adsorbed phase in porous material. ANG is superior to CNG and LNG technologies in terms of economy and safety. Carbonaceous nanostructures with pore diameter of 0.8-1.4 nm can be proper adsorbents for methane adsorption. In this work, cellulose and lignin which form lignocellulosic material’s structure, has been used as precursor for producing activated carbon. The activated carbon prepared has been used as adsorbent for adsorption of methane. The use of hydrothermal pretreatment followed by carbonization and chemical activation is... 

    Experimental Investigation of the Effective Parameters on the Removal of the Heavy Metal Ions from Salty Water by Using the Magnetic Nanoparticles Supported on Activated Carbons

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Fatehi , Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Shayegan, Jalaloddin (Supervisor) ; Goodarznia, Iraj (Supervisor) ; Zabihi, Mohammad (Co-Supervisor)
    In the present thesis, the adsorption ability of the functionalized magnetic nano-particles supported on the walnut and almond based activated carbons was evaluated to prepare the efficient and low cost adsorbents for removal of Pb(II), Cr(VI) and Hg(II) ions aqueous solutions in the presence of salinity. The activated carbons were derived from almond and walnut shell by the physical activation method. The functionalized nano-magnetic activated carbons were synthesized by co-precipitation consisting of AC(almond)@Fe3O4@SiO2-NH2-COOH and AC(walnut)@Fe3O4-NH2-COOH which were modified by the oxygen containing functional groups to enhance the adsorption capacity. The prepared carbonaceous... 

    The Effect of Fouling Reducers on Removal of Volatile Organic Compound in Membrane Bioreactors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Siavash (Author) ; Shaygan Salek, Jalaloddin (Supervisor) ; Rashtchian, Davood (Supervisor)
    Biodegradation is an effective method for removal of hazardous organic compounds such as styrene and ethylbenzene from petrochemical wastewaters. Although using this method for wastewater treatment meets (satisfies) the industrial standards, still these methods have significant disadvantages. Active sludge systems can not be effective enough due to the volatility and recalcitrance of styrene and ethylbenzene and a significant amount of volatile organic compounds exists in the discharging air. In order to reduce or totally remove this amount of pollutants in the discharging air, Membrane Bioreactors are used. One of the main problems of these systems is membrane fouling. In this thesis the... 

    Oil Separation from Contaminated Condensates WithFuel in Power Plant by Flotation &Solvent Sublation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseinzadeh, Hossein (Author) ; shaygan, Jalaloddin (Supervisor) ; Jalali, Morteza (Supervisor)
    Some of the thermal power plants use heavy fuel oil as an auxiliary fuel instead of the fuel gas, especially in the cold seasons. In these plants, in order to reduce fuel viscosity, heavy fuel oil is heated in several stages including fuel storage tank, connection lines and oil supply to burner by heat exchange with returned steam from the turbine, which can lead to fuel leakage into the condensates. This contamination is in addition to the contamination that has resulted from leaking seals on steam driven equipments, such as pumps and turbines. Reusing these contaminated condensates as boiler feed water can lead to coking of hydrocarbons and deposition of a hard scale on boiler tube walls.... 

    SiC Production by Chemical Vapor Deposition Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Habibian Nejad, Ali (Author) ; Farhadi, Fathola (Supervisor)
    Silicon carbide due to its noticeable mechanical and thermal properties, uses in various industries either main substrate or reinforcement. SiC has low specific surface area according to its resistivity against sintering. Recently, a lot of scientists have been worked on SiC in order to fabricating small ones ; subsequently, better sintering will be achieved. Chemical vapor deposition method (CVD) is a method to produce fine SiC with deposition of products by reacting of initial materials from gas environment. In this study normal CVD as proper method and hydrogen, silicon tetrachloride and activated carbon as initial materials are chosen. Using of iron and nickel catalysts in temperature... 

    Removal of Radioactive Elements from Liquid Waste of Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant with Resin

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dashtinejad , Maryam (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Sepehrian, Hamid (Supervisor) ; Fasihi, Javad ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    In this study, granular activated carbon has been modified by potassium nickel hexacyanoferrate ( KNCF), sodium dodecyl sulfate(SDS) and ammonium per sulfate(APS) as new adsorbents for cesium, cobalt and chromium(VI), respectively. The prepared adsorbents were characterized using powder X-ray diffraction(XRD), nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm data, infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive spectroscopy(SEM-EDS) and their adsorption performance were investigated. The effect of various parameters like the initial pH value of the solution, contact time, temperature, strength ionic of the solution, interference ions and the initial concentration of...