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    Using ARB Process for Metal Matrix Foam and Composite Production

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khalkhali, Mohammad (Author) ; Akbarzadeh, Abbas (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Metal matrix composites (MMC) and metal foams (MF) have been the topic of numerous researches during the last decades. The appropriate mechanical and physical properties of these materials make them useful in various industries. In this research, a unique approach is introduced for producing MMCs and MFs in which accumulative roll bonding (ARB) is employed in order to achieve a homogeneous distribution of ceramic particles in the metal matrix. Also, foamed structures can be made by subjecting Al/TiH2 composite to an appropriate annealing heat treatment where TiH2 particles decompose to hydrogen and titanium. In this work, the effect of number of ARB cycles on the size and distribution of... 

    Fabrication and Characterization of Methanol and Hydrogen Sensors Based on Porous Silicon

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Razi Astaraie, Fatemeh (Author) ; Iraji Zad, Azam (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    We studied porous silicon as a resistive gas sensor at room temperature. Meso- and macro- porous silicon were formed by electrochemical etching of single crystal silicon wafers in different conditions. For Meso porous Si we used p+-type wafers as substrate and for macro porous Si formation n- and p-type wafers were used. The mechanism of methanol vapor sensing was studied by Scanning tunneling spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results showed that methanol increases partial oxidation of surface and causes increase of defect density. These defects play important role to trap electrons and create “acceptor surface states”. These acceptor surface states in p+-type... 

    Fluoride Removal from Sludge's of Evaporation Lagoons of Isfahan’s UCF Plant

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khayambashi, Afshin (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Firouz Zare, Mahmoud (Co-Advisor) ; Ghasemi, Mohamad Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Nuclear energy is one of the most important sources of energy from the economical point of view and also in terms of cleanliness and safety. Hence, strategically, uranium is one of the most basic elements of the earth and nowadays, the importance of this element is more marked due to the nuclear industry developement. Therefore, uranium recovery from the wastes generated during nuclear fuel production in Isfahan’s uranium conversion plant- in which yellow cake is converted to uranium hexafluoride- is quite pivotal. In this experimental research, we have to remove Fluoride from waste after dissolution by several methods like precipitation. After that uranium is extracted from the sludge of... 

    Improvement of Mechanical Properties of a Mg-Zn alloy using the Micro Alloying Elements

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Cheraghi Heyvedi, Hamid (Author) ; Karimi Taheri, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The development of new wrought magnesium alloys for automotive industry has increased in recent years due to their high potential as structuralmaterials for low density and high strength/weight ratio demands. However, the poor mechanical properties of the magnesium alloys have led tosearch a new kind of magnesium alloys for better strength and ductility.In this research,a new type of magnesium alloy based on Mg-Zn-Si-Ca system has been developed using the permanent gravity casting process. For comparison, an alloy without Siby the same method was also produced. The effects of trace Si addition on the microstructure and mechanical properties in magnesium alloy with composition of... 

    Through Silicon Via (TSV) to Transistor Noise Coupling Characterization

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amiri, Sajjad (Author) ; Sarvari, Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Due to the physical limitations of the conventional 2D ICs at Giga-Scale Integration, modern technologies have been emerged. Among them, through silicon via (TSV) - based 3D ICs have been used to continue Moore’s law in the interconnect era. In these systems, dies are stacked at z-direction after wafer thinning. Electrical connections between stacked dies are done by TSVs. One important advantage of 3D integration technology is their ability to stack heterogeneous systems with different technologies on a single chip. This will not only increase interconnect density but also will reduce the delay and power consumption. However, nowadays, fabrication and optimum design of TSVs are still big... 

    Mapping and Scheduling Applications onto Multi-Core Chip-Multiprocessors in Dark-Silicon Era

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hoveida, Mohaddeseh (Author) ; Sarbazi Azad, Hamid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Growing transistor counts, limited power budgets, and the breakdown of voltage scaling are currently conspiring to create a utilization wall that limits the fraction of a chip that can run at full speed at one time. This concept is the basis of the Dark Silicon definition. To address this issue, it is needed a structure to guaranty Limited power budget and obtain sufficient flexibility and performance for different applications with variety communication needs. Regarding to this structure, our aim is to present a platform for Networks-on-Chip that uses clustering and resource sharing among cores. Moreover, as task mapping on processing elements in NOCs is one of the most effective way to... 

    An Investigation into the Effect Of Severe Plastic Deformation by Equal Channel Angular Extrusion (Ecae) Process on Mechanical and Microstructural Properties of a Mg-Zn Alloy

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shaeri, Morteza (Author) ; Karimi Taheri, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The specific properties of some of magnesium alloys have caused these alloys to be used in medical and industrial applications. Adding new elements and applying severe plastic deformation to these alloys have been considered as a clue for improving their mechanical properties. The aim of this project is to improve the mechanical properties of a magnesium alloy by using new alloying elements and applying the ECAP process.
    In this project, a new magnesium alloy by composition of Mg-1.78Zn-0.72Si-0.41Ca was cast. After casting, solution treating and annealing of the alloy were studied. Then, the effect of ECAP process on microstructure and mechanical properties of the annealed and solution... 

    Roduction of Solar Grade Silicon by Thermal Refining of Industrial Grade Silicon

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fazlali, Reza (Author) ; Yoozbashizadeh, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The photovoltaic (PV) industry is in rapid growth and a large supply of PV feedstock materials must be provided to maintain this growth. Since silicon is still the dominant material for the fabrication of solar cells, low-cost solar-grade silicon (SoG-Si) feedstock is demanded. The most cost-effective and direct approach for producing SoG-Si is to purify and upgrade metallurgical-grade silicon. The major impurities in silicon are Al, Fe and Ca. other impurities present are Cu, Ti , Zn, Ni, Cr, Mn, Cd, B and P. In this study The effects of the acid leaching process parameters, including the particle size of silicon, the acid type (HCl, HNO3, H2SO4, and their combination), tmepreture and the... 

    Electroplating of Bronze-Graphite-SiC Composite Coating

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asnavandi, Majid (Author) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Composite coatings including self-lubricant particles such as graphite, MoS2, Al2O3 and SiC are extensively used to decrease the coefficient of friction of tribo-surfaces. Adding lubricant particles to an appropriate metallic matrix like copper, nickel, lead and their alloys is a suitable option in severe condition –for instance high temperature and low pressure- which liquid lubricants will be failed. Bronze can give various properties such as wear resistance, corrosion and oxidation protection, However cyanide solutions for electroplating process have environmentally limited for plating of Cu-Sn. In this research, a chloride electrolyte for bronze electroplating was developed and effect of... 

    A Power-efficient Architecture for SRAM-based FPGAs Using Reconfigurable Hard Logic Design in Dark Silicon Era

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ebrahimi, Zahra (Author) ; Asadi, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Significant increase of static power with downscaling of transistor feature size and threshold voltage has lead to the end of Dennard scaling. This obstacle has put a Power Wall to further integration of CMOS technology in Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs). An efficient solution to cope with this obstacle is to apply power gating to the inactive fractions of a single die, referred to as Dark Silicon. Previous studies employing power gating on SRAM-based FPGAs have primarily focused on using large-input Look-up Tables (LUTs) which suffer from poor logic utilization, and subsequently, limiting the benefits of power gating techniques. This thesis proposes a heterogeneous Power-Efficient... 

    Silicon Vacancy in 4H-SiC: Many-body Electronic Structure

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Najafi Ivaki, Moein (Author) ; Vesaghi, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The silicon vacancy in silicon carbide is a strong emergent candidate for applications in quantum information processing. 4H, 6H and 3C polytypes of SiC all host coherent and optically addressable defect spin states. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) investigations suggest that silicon vacancy point defects in SiC possess properties similar to those of the NV center in diamond. We provide a new theoretical frame to explain a wider range of experimental results. Employing a proposed generalized Hubbard model, with the help of electronic structure programs, DFT, second quantization, and various computational approaches, we obtain new... 

    Application of Salt Fog Test and Lifetime Evaluation of Silicone Rubber Insulators in Atmospheric Conditions with Contamination and Humidity

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Eshaghi Maskouni, Mahdi (Author) ; Vakilian, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Electricity distribution companies always strive to operate the power network efficiently and reliably so that their network be able to satisfy the growing needs for electricity. To achieve these goals in a power network, a comprehensive asset management plan with a sound policy for inspection, periodic maintenance, replacement, and disposal of depreciated equipment is required. One of the high-risk sectors of the electricity grid is the insulation section of distribution and transmission lines. In recent years, composite insulators have been used more widely because of their desirable characteristics such as: hydrophobicity, lower price, and lower weight if compared with the another... 

    Investigation of Thermal Stress Effect on The Performance of Thin Film Solar Cells Using Finite Element Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Namvar, Arman (Author) ; Naghdabadi, Reza (Supervisor) ; Sohrabpour, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Thin film solar cells have low efficiency compared to crystalline silicon solar cells; however, they are low-cost and flexible. In manufacturing these solar cells, thin films are deposited at high temperatures (higher than 200℃) on a thick metal, plastic, or glass substrate using sputtering and plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) methods. Since the thin films and substrate have different thermal expansion coefficients, cooling the system from deposition temperature to room temperature induces thermal residual stresses in both the films and substrate. In addition, these stresses, especially those induced in the amorphous silicon layer can change the carrier mobility and band gap... 

    Study of Microstructure and Hot Deformation Behavior of Aluminum Nanocomposites Reinforced with SiC Nanoparticles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mobarhan Bonab, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Hot deformation behavior of Al-SiC nanocomposites was investigated in this study. Aluminum powders with mean size of 60 micron and SiC nanopowders (mean size of 45nm) in amounts of 1 and 2 volume percents, as reinforced part, were mixed and milled for 40 hours by planetary ball mill. After degassing at 450 oC for 1 hour, milled powders were pressed into Aluminum cans (in Argon atmosphere) and then hot extruded. Extrusion ratio was 1:14. High density billets (with 98% of theoretical density) were produced because of that high extrusion ratio. TEM microstructure studies showed that fine distribution of reinforcements and Aluminum Oxides obtained via this procedure. Hardness and Uniaxial... 

    Investigation of Solidification Rate and Alloying Elements (Cu, Ni, Cr) on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Al-20Si-5Fe Alloy

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Rajabi, Mohammad (Author) ; Davami, Parviz (Supervisor) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, Al-20Si-5Fe-2X (X=Cu,Ni,Cr) alloys were produced by gas atomizing and melt spinning processes. Microstructure and growth morphology of powder and ribbons were investigated using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, then, analyzed by solidification models. Powder and chopped ribbons were hot pressed at 400°C/250 MPa and microstructural variations, mechanical properties and thermal coefficient expansion were evaluated after consolidation. Results show that relatively high cooling rate in gas-atomized powders lead to refinement of the microstructure and formation of semi-equilibrium δ intermetallic phase. As the powder particle... 

    The Effect of Mn on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties on Splat Cooled Al-20Si-5Fe-3Cu-1Mg Alloy

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moazzeni Pour, Pooyan (Author) ; Davami, Parviz (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research ,Al-20Si-5Fe-3Cu-1Mg-XMn alloys were produced by gas atomizing and melt spinning processes. Microstructure and growth morphology of powder and ribbons were investigated using optical microscopy , scanning electron microscopy. powders were hot pressed at 400ºC/250Mpa and microstractural variations, mechanical properties were evaluated after consolidation. Results show that relatively high cooling rate in gas-atomized powders lead to refinement of microstructure and formation of semi-equilibrium δ intermetallic phase . As the powder particle size decrease , the growth morphology changes from primary silicon + euthectic to euthectic + primary dendritic aluminum . Mn changed the... 

    Fatigue Behavior of Al-SiC Nanocomposite

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghasemi Yazdabadi, Hassan (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor) ; Ekrami, Ali Akbar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Recently, mechanical properties of advanced materials such as nanostructured and ultra-fine materials and especially nanocomposites were studied by lots of researcher. In this study, fatigue behavior of Al-SiC nanocomposites is observed. Ultra-fine grains Al matrix nanocomposites reinforced with 50 nm diameter SiC nanoparticles were produced by milling and hot extrusion. For this purpose, pure aluminum powder was mixed with 2, 4 and 6 Vol. % of SiC nanoparticles and then milled by planetary mill. The milled powder then were degased in an Argon atmosphere furnace, cold pressed and then hot extruded. Closed die-hot forging was used with about 18.8% reduction in cross section in order to... 

    Atomistic Study of Iinterface Properties and Structure of Nickel-Silicon and Polyethelene-Ghraphene by Molecular Dynamics Simulation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amini, Hamed (Author) ; Kokabi, Amir Hossein (Supervisor) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    First atomistic simulation was used to study the deformation and fracture mechanisms of Ni-Si interfaces under tensile and shear loads dependent on the crystal structure of interface zone. Modified embedded atom method (MEAM) potential was utilized for molecular dynamics (MD) modeling. The simulation includes analysis of common neighbors, coordination number, least-square atomic local strain, and radial distribution function. The profound effect of interface crystallography on the tensile and shear deformation is shown. The highest tensile strength is obtained for interfaces with high plane density due to lowest atomic disorder while under shear loading planes with low density exhibit a high... 

    First Principles Studies of Mechanical, Physical, and Electronic Properties of a-Si - also, Diffusion of a Self-interstitial Atom in an Ultra-thin fcc Film Via Lattice Statics

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Tabatabaei, Maryam (Author) ; Mohammadi Shodja, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    By employing first principles density functional theory-based (DFT) molecular dynamics (MD), the influences of dangling and floating bonds as well as distorted tetrahedral bonds are studied on the mechanical, physical, and electronic properties of amorphous Si (a-Si). For further examination of the effects of these geometrical defects, two distinct amorphous samples, namely as-quenched and annealed are generated and examined. To verify the validity of the representative cells, the obtained radial distribution function, pair correlation function, and cohesive energy are compared with those corresponding results presented in the literature. Moreover, the surface energy is calculated at final... 

    An Investigation on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of TLP Bonded Al/SiC Composite Using Powder Technique

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khaksari Noori, Mohammad (Author) ; Ekrami, A.A (Supervisor) ; Bagheri, REZA (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research Al6061-SiC composite bonding was done by transient liquid phase method using powder copper intermediate layer. In the first stage feasibility of making this junction in ambient condition was studied. In order to find process optimum temperature, experiments were performed in 560°C, 570°C, 580°C and 590°C for 2 hours. Optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and EDS analysis were utilized for this study. Moreover, shear strength determination test was done to assess and compare mechanical properties and also to determine the optimum bonding temperature.
    In second stage, base composite and bonded specimens were homogenized in 530°C for 5 and 10 hours. Effect of...