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    Experimental investigation of inorganic scale deposition during smart water injection - A formation damage point of view

    , Article IOR NORWAY 2017 - 19th European Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery: Sustainable IOR in a Low Oil Price World, 24 April 2017 through 27 April 2017 ; 2017 ; 9789462822092 (ISBN) Ghasemian, J ; Mokhtari, R ; Ayatollahi, S ; Riahi, S ; Malekzade, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Smart water injection is determined as an effective EOR process to change the wettability and interfacial tension for better micro/macro sweep efficiencies. This water contains reactive ions such as Mg ∧(2+), Ca ∧(2+) and SO-4 ∧(2-) which can act as potential determining ions and change the surface charge of calcite rocks. One of the major concerns in the execution of an effective waterflood, especially in tight carbonate reservoirs, is the incompatibility between the formation brine and the injecting water. This research work aims to investigate the most important challenge of waterflooding process related to the possible formation damage because of inorganic scale deposition during... 

    Prediction of asphaltene deposition during turbulent flow using heat transfer approach

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Volume 36, Issue 9-10 , February , 2018 , Pages 632-639 ; 10916466 (ISSN) Salimi, F ; Ayatollahi, S ; Vafaie Seftie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2018
    In this study, asphaltene deposition from crude oil has been studied experimentally using a test loop and prediction using theoretical study under turbulent flow (Reynolds numbers below 5000). The effects of many parameters such as oil velocity, surface temperature and concentration of flocculated asphaltene on the asphaltene deposition were investigated. The results showed that asphaltene deposition thickness increases with increasing both surface temperature and concentration of flocculated asphaltene and decreasing oil velocity. Thermal approach was used to describe the mechanisms involved in this process and the results of data fitting showed that there are good agreements between the... 

    Electrophoretic deposition of chitosan

    , Article Materials Letters ; Volume 63, Issue 26 , 2009 , Pages 2253-2256 ; 0167577X (ISSN) Simchi, A ; Pishbin, F ; Boccaccini, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    The electrophoretic deposition (EPD) of chitosan on metallic substrates was investigated. The electrophoretic mobility of the natural biopolymer in aqueous solution as a function of pH was studied. Because the protonation/deporotonation of chitosan is pH-dependent, the electrophoretic mobility and deposition rate is shown to increase with increasing pH from 2.9 to 4.1. The film growth rate is estimated to vary in the range 0.02-0.08 μm/s depending on the pH value. At high growth rates (> 0.05 μm/s), a porous film is obtained due to hydrogen entrapment. The EPD method developed here is applicable for the surface modification of metal implants by chitosan to develop novel bioactive coatings. ©... 

    Fabrication of perovskite solar cells based on vacuum-assisted linear meniscus printing of MAPbI3

    , Article Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells ; Volume 191 , 2019 , Pages 148-156 ; 09270248 (ISSN) Parvazian, E ; Abdollah zadeh, A ; Akbari, H. R ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Scale-up deposition methods in perovskite solar cell research, are mostly used under humidity environment outside the glove-box. Also, the as-printed absorbing layer before the post-annealing process is always wet. Thus, controlling the morphology and crystallization of perovskite thin-films in up-scaled deposition systems is difficult and strongly investigated by the researchers. In this work, we introduce an anti-solvent-free meniscus printing method in which, the absorbing perovskite film with optimal performance is achieved. To this end, we check the printing parameters to get to the optimized film characteristics. Also, a vacuum chamber (<100 Pa) is used for 30 s to remove the solvent... 

    High temperature NiTiHf shape memory thin films fabricated by simultaneous sputter deposition from elemental targets

    , Article International Conference on Shape Memory and Superelastic Technologies, SMST-2006, Pacific Grove, CA, 7 May 2006 through 11 May 2006 ; 2008 , Pages 315-322 ; 9780871708625 (ISBN) Sanjabi, S ; Sadrnezhaad, .Kh ; Barber, Z. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    NiTiHf thin films with varying hafnium contents up to 28.7at% were fabricated using simultaneous sputter deposition from separate Ni, Ti, and Hf targets onto unheated substrates. The required film composition was achieved by adjusting the power ratio to the targets. The as-deposited films were amorphous; and post deposition annealing was performed at 550°C, slightly above their crystallization temperatures. The crystallization temperature of the films varied as a function of Hf concentration, and was as high as 520°C at a Hf content of 28.7at%. 2μm thick crystallized films with I0at% or greater Hf were martensitic at room temperature. DSC analysis demonstrated that above 10at%Hf additions... 

    Co-deposition process of RF-Sputtering and RF-PECVD of copper/carbon nanocomposite films

    , Article Surface and Coatings Technology ; Volume 202, Issue 12 , 2008 , Pages 2731-2736 ; 02578972 (ISSN) Ghodselahi, T ; Vesaghi, M. A ; Shafiekhani, A ; Baradaran, A ; Karimi, A ; Mobini, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nanoparticle copper/carbon composite films were prepared by co-deposition of RF-Sputtering and RF-PECVD method from acetylene gas and copper target. We investigate deposition process in the region where by changing pressure, the process converts to physical sputtering mode in constant power regime and at a critical pressure between 1.5 to 3 Pa. The estimated value of mean ion energy at this critical point of pressure is close to threshold energy of physical sputtering of copper atoms by acetylene ions. By utilizing this property and by setting initial pressure from 1.3 to 6.6 Pa, nanoparticles copper/carbon composite films were grown with different copper content. The Copper content of our... 

    Electrophoretic deposition of chitosan/45S5 Bioglass® composite coatings for orthopaedic applications

    , Article Surface and Coatings Technology ; Volume 205, Issue 23-24 , 2011 , Pages 5260-5268 ; 02578972 (ISSN) Pishbin, F ; Simchi, A ; Ryan, M. P ; Boccaccini, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    This article presents experimental results on the electrophoretic deposition (EPD) of bioresorbable chitosan/45S5 Bioglass® composite coatings for orthopaedic implants based on the Taguchi design of experiments (DOE) approach. The influence of EPD parameters including Bioglass® concentration, electric voltage and deposition time on deposition yield was studied by an orthogonal Taguchi array of L18 type. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and regression analysis based on the partial least-square method were used to identify the significant factors affecting the deposition yield and its stability during constant-voltage EPD. The coatings were characterised by high resolution scanning... 

    Modeling and Improving the Thickness Distribution in Vacuum Coating System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Chaghazardi, Zahra (Author) ; Rashidian, Bizhan (Supervisor)
    In the fabrication of semiconductor devices, uniformity of thin films has many important influences on optical and electrical properties of the device. many attempts have been done on the enhancement of the uniformity of thin films so far. In this thesis, first the effect of angular variation of source with respect to the target on uniformity in the evaporation coating system has been studied, then an in situ positioning system for substrate has been designed and fabricated. After finding the thickness’s profile for Ag and Cu in Electron Beam Gun system, we studied the motion pattern of the target for improving the uniformity. This positioning system can be used to any coating systems. in... 

    Multiphysics Modeling and Magnetic Control of Powder Deposition Process in DMD Method of Additive Manufacturing Technology

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nejati Eghteda, Sina (Author) ; Movahhedy, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Direct Metal Deposition is one of the methods of Additive manufacturing that has seen the most spread in recent years. In this method metal powder is directed towards the free surface of the workpiece through a nuzzle, and is simultaneously heated to become molten in a melting pool by a laser beam and begins the deposition process. One of the parts that make up a DMD system is powder feeding nuzzle. These nuzzles usually encounter a similar fundamental problem: that the effect of gravity on the stream of metal powder and the carrier fluid causes this stream to deviate from its intended position. To prevent this, nuzzles are usually designed with a fixed downward angle and the angle of the... 

    Modeling of asphaltene deposition during miscible CO2 Flooding

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Vol. 32, Issue. 18 , 2014 , Pages 2183-2194 ; ISSN: 10916466 Tahami, S. A ; Dabir, B ; Asghari, K ; Shahvaranfard, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The authors present the results of numerical tests and simulations to investigate and analyze the likelihood of asphaltene precipitation and deposition during CO2 flooding in a reservoir. The effects of asphaltene precipitation on oil properties such as oil viscosity and density during miscible CO2 flooding process were elaborated by using Winprop software of Computer Modeling Group. Also oil properties change during CO 2 miscible flooding by numerical slim tube were investigated by a compositional simulator (GEM). A fluid sample of Saskatchewan Reservoir that had been flooded miscibly with CO2 was chosen for performing the sensitivity analyses. The results showed that asphaltene... 

    Experimental investigation of asphaltene-induced core damage during miscible CO2 injection

    , Article Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects ; Vol. 36, issue. 13 , 2014 , pp. 1395-1405 ; ISSN: 15567036 Bolouri, H ; Ghoodjani, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this article, dynamic core flood experiments in miscible CO2 condition were carried out to investigate core damage due to asphaltene deposition. Carbonate and sandstone cores were used to study of effect of core characteristic on permeability and porosity reduction. The experimental results show asphaltene deposition preferentially in sandstone core type takes place in the first half of the core while in the carbonate one it occurs in the second half. In spite of asphaltene content measurement results (IP-143) that show higher asphaltene deposition in sandstone cores, permeability impairment compared to the carbonate one is severe. Also, permeability-porosity reduction models are affected... 

    Asphaltene deposition in different depositing environments: Part 1. model oil

    , Article Energy and Fuels ; Vol. 28, Issue. 3 , 2014 , pp. 1617-1628 ; ISSN: 08870624 Tavakkoli, M ; Panuganti, S. R ; Vargas, F. M ; Taghikhani, V ; Pishvaie, M. R ; Chapman, W. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Among the asphaltene flow assurance issues, the most major concern because of asphaltene is its potential to deposit in reservoir, well tubing, flow lines, separators, and other systems along production lines causing significant production losses. Hence, the focus of this study is to understand the depositional tendency of asphaltene using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) measurements. The results are presented in two consecutive papers, with this paper (part 1) dealing with model oil systems. The depositing environment is varied by changing the system temperature, asphaltene polydispersity, solvent (asphaltene stability), depositing surface, and flow rate. This paper... 

    Pulsed laser deposition of W-V-O composite films: preparation, characterization and gasochromic studies

    , Article Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells ; Volume 92, Issue 8 , 2008 , Pages 878-883 ; 09270248 (ISSN) Ranjbar, M ; Mahdavi, S. M ; Iraji zad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Modified tungsten oxide films by vanadium oxide provide neutrally coloring electrochromic electrodes for smart windows technology. In this study W-V-O mixed oxide films were fabricated by Nd:YAG pulsed laser deposition (PLD), λ=1064 nm, from mixed pressed powders of (WO3)1-x(V2O5)x, x=0, 0.09, 0.17, 0.23, 0.29 and 0.33, at 13.3 Pa oxygen partial pressure and 200 °C temperature on glass substrates. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) revealed V5+, V4+, W6+ and W5+ surface oxide states, where the ratio of W5+/W6+ enhances by the amount of vanadium in the films. Surface morphology was studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and optical properties by transmission-reflection spectra.... 

    TiO2 nanostructured films on mica using liquid phase deposition

    , Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 107, Issue 2-3 , 2008 , Pages 449-455 ; 02540584 (ISSN) Pourmand, M ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Liquid phase deposition is a method to grow conformal TiO2 films with good crystallinity on various substrates. The growth depends on the hydrophilicity of the substrate surface and we found that mica is a substrate capable of forming uniform and thick films. Films were grown using an aqueous solution of TiF4 through a hydrolysis-condensation process. We have studied films properties; morphology, porosity and thickness, in terms of growth conditions, i.e. TiF4 concentration, growth temperature, deposition time and pH. The porosity of films was shown to rapidly increase from about 18% to about 25% and remained the same for longer growth times. The growth process of films could be identified... 

    Adaptive modeling of laser powder deposition process for control and monitoring application

    , Article JVC/Journal of Vibration and Control ; Volume 13, Issue 5 , 2007 , Pages 461-473 ; 10775463 (ISSN) Durali, M ; Fathi, A ; Khajepour, A ; Toyserkani, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    The laser powder deposition (LPD) process is an advanced material processing technique with many applications. Despite this fact, reliable and accurate control schemes have not yet been fully developed for the process. In this paper, identification of the LPD process is examined to find a more accurate model to predict and control the height of clad in real time. The model is adaptive single inputsingle output (SISO) and its structure is very similar to the Hammerstein model when the effective power (a function of laser power and velocity) is selected as the input and the clad height as the output. Weighted extended recursive least square (WERLS) is adopted to simultaneously estimate the... 

    Investigating the effect of several auxiliary carbon sources in treatment of petroleum deposits by the bacterial strain BBRC9012

    , Article CHISA 2006 - 17th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, Prague, 27 August 2006 through 31 August 2006 ; 2006 ; 8086059456 (ISBN); 9788086059457 (ISBN) Baghban, E ; Roostaazad, R ; Yaghmaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Effect of several auxiliary carbon sources such as crude oil, different precultures, and quality of adding crude oil in treatment of petroleum wax deposits by an isolated bacterial strain, BBRC9012, was investigated. First and second experiments which compered effect of molasses, glucose and crude oil, indicated that glucose and molasses causes more microbial growth, biosurfactant production and bioemolsification than crude oil. Both optometry and Surface tension measurements showed that using molasses-BHB preculture for wax treatment is not suitable and when crude oil is used as auxiliary carbon source a one day lag phase is unavoidable. It was also shown that when crude oil is added to... 

    Prediction of melt pool depth and dilution in laser powder deposition

    , Article Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics ; Volume 39, Issue 12 , 2006 , Pages 2613-2623 ; 00223727 (ISSN) Fathi, A ; Toyserkani, E ; Khajepour, A ; Durali, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper presents a mathematical model of laser powder deposition (LPD) to predict temperature field, melt pool depth and dilution. The model validated by experiments is developed using the moving heat source method. In this method, the temperature distribution inside the clad and the substrate is obtained using the superposition principle and the solution of the heat diffusion due to a point heat source. The model, which can be used in real-time applications, predicts the melt pool depth and dilution as a function of clad height and clad width, which in practice can be measured by a vision system. Numerical and experimental analyses show a non-linear behaviour of the melt pool depth as a... 

    The effect of target annealing temperature on optical and structural properties and composition of CdS thin films prepared by pulsed laser

    , Article Optical Materials ; Volume 27, Issue 10 , 2005 , Pages 1583-1586 ; 09253467 (ISSN) Mahdavi, S. M ; Iraji Zad, A ; Tilaki, R. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2005
    We studied the effect of target annealing temperature on optical and structural properties and composition of CdS thin films prepared by pulsed Nd:YAG laser. Deposited samples from annealed targets at 300 °C showed a mixed cubic and hexagonal structure, a band gap of about 2.56 eV and Cd/S ratio equal 1. This ratio increased to 2.40 and its band gap decreased to 2.46 eV when the sample was annealed at 500 °C for 1 h in air. However, films prepared from annealed targets at 500 °C became dark due to existence of polymorphous phase of CdO. Films changed to transparent yellow color with a hexagonal CdS structure and some peaks related to CdO after annealing above 250 °C in air. Its band gap... 

    Coke Deposition Process in Nano-Pores of Naphtha Reforming Catalyst

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Farahipour, Reza (Author) ; Baghalha, Morteza (Supervisor) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Nowadays catalytic reforming of naphtha is one of the most important parts of the refining process. The catalyst of this process is mostly Pt-Re on the γ-alumina support. The major cause of deactivation is coke deposition and blockage of the pores as a result. Meanwhile, modeling of the process and the deactivation of catalyst would help refining industries to achieve higher yields. In this study industrial data of the catalytic reforming unit #2 in Isfahan Refinery Plant were used to model the process, optimized parameters have been calculated and the best contribution of the catalyst among the four reactors was presented. Then with using a deactivation function the whole coking... 

    Wear-Resistant Nickel-Titanium Nitride Composite Coating by Electrochemical Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Parhizkar, Nafise (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Metal matrix nanocomposites contains ceramic ultrafine particles in a metal matrix, are used to improve the mechanical properties such as hardness and wear of coatings. For developing metal matrix nanocomposites, there are many methods. Electrochemical deposition process is one of these methods that have some advantages like uniform depositions on substrates with complex shapes, low cost, good repeatability and reducing waste. In this project, for increasing the hardness and wear resistance of nickel, composite coatings of nickel - titanium nitride was created by using electrochemical deposition of Watts bath contained titanium nitride particles. In order to increase the amount of...