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    Presentation of Knowledge Management Framework for Project-Based Organizations

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghamsari Esfahani, Narges (Author) ; Shadrokh, Shahram (Supervisor)
    Knowledge is an organization asset that if used in the direction of organization’s strategic mission, can provide values for the organization. Therefore, many organizations such as NASA, Siemens; and Microsoft have invested in order to improve their knowledge management practices. Many organizations have not been successful in implementing appropriate knowledge management and incurred by huge expenses, while others can use and improve their locations among their competitors in the business. The reason behind many of these organizations were ignoring factor(s) that have direct undeniable effect on result from organization’s knowledge management.
    The framework of knowledge management is a... 

    Analysis of Dimensions, Objective and Implementation of Knowledge Management in Production Institutes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khosravi, Mojgan (Author) ; Mostafavi, Mostafa (Supervisor)
    The increasing significance and deployment of knowledge management(KM) is the main reason for selecting the topic of this research. This research tries to analyse the dimensions and KM implementation methods in press section of maintenance department in Saipa company. This study has a qualitative approach and the method is based on a case study. Data has been collected by questionnaires. Two questionnares have been provided in this research and distributed among different staff of press section in maintenance department. The concept of knowledge management maturity is applied and the goal of first questionnaire is based on this concept. The level of KM maturity is assessed via this... 

    The impact of customer knowledge on the organizational performance: a system dynamics approach

    , Article Kybernetes ; 2021 ; 0368492X (ISSN) Bidgoli, S. D ; Owlia, M. S ; Isaai, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Emerald Group Holdings Ltd  2021
    Purpose: The purpose of this research was to model the impact of customer knowledge on the performance of organization with a focus on information technology industry. Furthermore, it is intended to analyze the effect of customer knowledge investment on the performance measures, by reviewing investment policies. Design/methodology/approach: The relationship between customer knowledge and performance measures was specified using literature review and grounded theory method. The system dynamics approach was then applied to analyze the impact of the customer knowledge on the performance measures. Findings: This study provided a dynamic model on the causal relationship between customer knowledge... 

    On understanding the relation of knowledge and confidence to requirements quality

    , Article 27th International Working Conference on Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality, REFSQ 2021, 12 April 2021 through 15 April 2021 ; Volume 12685 LNCS , 2021 , Pages 208-224 ; 03029743 (ISSN) ; 9783030731274 (ISBN) Dehghani, R ; Wnuk, K ; Mendez, D ; Gorschek, T ; Ramsin, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2021
    [Context and Motivation] Software requirements are affected by the knowledge and confidence of software engineers. Analyzing the interrelated impact of these factors is difficult because of the challenges of assessing knowledge and confidence. [Question/Problem] This research aims to draw attention to the need for considering the interrelated effects of confidence and knowledge on requirements quality, which has not been addressed by previous publications. [Principal ideas/results] For this purpose, the following steps have been taken: 1) requirements quality was defined based on the instructions provided by the ISO29148:2011 standard, 2) we selected the symptoms of low qualified... 

    The knowledge map of energy security

    , Article Energy Reports ; Volume 7 , 2021 , Pages 3570-3589 ; 23524847 (ISSN) Nasr Esfahani, A ; Bagheri Moghaddam, N ; Maleki, A ; Nazemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Much efforts have been made in the area of energy security in recent years, but due to its wide scope, it is necessary to review relevant knowledge activities and to analyze the state of knowledge of the field of energy security measurement. The purpose of this article is to present a comprehensive map of knowledge in the field of energy security. For this reason, many documents and articles have been collected during the period 2002–2019 using 7 large and reputable scientific databases as well as 53 different journals, 90% white Q1 quality. There is employed meta-synthesis, scientometrics and network analysis. In the initial survey stage where 1290 articles were found, after analyzing the... 

    Slow switching and authority of self-knowledge

    , Article Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences ; Volume 32 , 2012 , Pages 443-449 ; 18770428 (ISSN) Bikaraan Behesht, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Based on content externalism, the question of whether self-knowledge is authoritative or not has launched a real controversy in the philosophy of mind. Boghossian proposed slow switching argument in defense of incompatibility of the two views. This argument has been criticized by some philosophers through different approaches. Vahid is one of them. He claimed that Boghossian's argument appeals to some controversial assumptions without which it cannot achieve its conclusion. In this article, I criticize Vahid's response to slow switching argument and show that self-knowledge in Vahid's response differs in having authority and therefore in function from that of Boghossian  

    Towards a holistic view of humanities

    , Article International Journal of the Humanities ; Volume 9, Issue 5 , 2011 , Pages 247-256 ; 14479508 (ISSN) Khosravizadeh, P ; Gohari, O ; Gohari, N ; Ghaziani, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    The paper investigates the deep structure of the human mind by analyzing multiple intelligences theory. Regarding serious critiques proposed by a number of cognitive neuroscientists, psychologists, philosophers, and educational theorists (i.e. Sternberg 1983, 1991; Eysenck 1994; Scarr 1985; Klein 1998; Demetriou and Kazi 2006; Demetriou, Mouyi, and Spanoudis 2010, among others), it seems that the different types of intelligence introduced by Gardner (1983) have a shared feature. The authors believe that this particular shared feature can be counted as the key point of the underlying system of human knowledge. Since human cognition may be analyzed by means of universal structures of the mind,... 

    Relationship among culture of excellence, organisational performance and knowledge sharing: Proposed conceptual framework

    , Article International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management ; Volume 19, Issue 4 , 2016 , Pages 446-465 ; 17466474 (ISSN) Rezaei, G ; Gholami, H ; Shaharou, A. B. M ; Zameri Mat Saman , M ; Zakuan, N ; Najmi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Inderscience Enterprises Ltd  2016
    In today's competitive market, culture of excellence (CoE) and knowledge sharing (KS) are vital factors for organisations to thrive in the ever-expanding global market-economy. However, most previous studies have paid less attention to CoE especially in developing countries. In addition, they gave less attention to KS as a mediator in the CoE performance model. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship among CoE, KS, and organisational performance (OP) in the sector of industrial companies in Iran, and to develop a conceptual framework based on extensive review of the literature. Based on a review of the literature, a link was established between CoE and OP. Furthermore,... 

    A framework for developing business intelligence systems: a knowledge perspective

    , Article Management Research Review ; Volume 41, Issue 12 , 2018 , Pages 1358-1374 ; 20408269 (ISSN) Farzaneh, M ; Isaai, M. T ; Arasti, M. R ; Mehralian, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Emerald Group Publishing Ltd  2018
    Purpose: The purpose of this research is to propose a framework for developing business intelligence systems (BIS). Design/methodology/approach: Following a qualitative research method, a comprehensive framework at organizational and individual level, as well as team level, was developed. Findings: The findings revealed that team-level influential factors play a more significant role in BIS development success. The results also indicate that BIS development relies on suppliers, customers and their relationships, whereas the supplier side has a more significant impact on determining successful development. Drawing on these findings, embedded knowledge, knowledge management process capability... 

    Planning for investment in energy innovation: Developing an analytical tool to explore the impact of knowledge flow

    , Article International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy ; Volume 8, Issue 2 , 2018 , Pages 7-19 ; 21464553 (ISSN) Miremadi, I ; Saboohi, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    Econjournals  2018
    The major objective of this study is to provide an analytical tool to identify the role of investment on innovation in the process of new technologies development. To achieve this goal, a model of knowledge flow is developed and the effects of national and international knowledge spillovers are investigated. Results show that when knowledge spillovers are modelled in the Nordic countries, the required investment on domestic energy R&D decreases and the cumulative knowledge increases to 10.7 billion USD by 2030. This is a significant economic potential for technological innovation which can be considered for both energy researchers and energy planners. Finally, some important policy insights... 

    The mutual relation between enterprise resource planning and knowledge management: A review

    , Article Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management ; Volume 21, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 53-66 Samiei, E ; Habibi, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    In order to improve the communications inside and outside the enterprise, efficient utilization of enterprise capitals and make improvements in the services and products of enterprise, many enterprises have turned to use enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. On the other hand, the more the role of knowledge assets in enterprises grows, the higher the position of knowledge management (KM) in the enterprises becomes and it gradually becomes fundamental to success. The role of knowledge management in today’s knowledge-based world has attracted considerable attention to this topic in industry and academia. The use of ERP and knowledge management in enterprises for the continuation of... 

    Religious language as natural-sacred language

    , Article Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, Filosofiia i Konfliktologiia ; Volume 37, Issue 2 , 2021 , Pages 176-190 ; 25422278 (ISSN) Saeidi, M. T ; Hossini, S. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Saint Petersburg State University  2021
    The article offers a different interpretation of Antony Flew's views about the problem of religious language. This interpretation shows that Flew's ideas can be perceived as a critique of belief in the content of religious statements, rather than a critique of their meaning. By interpreting his thought in this way, it is clear that Flew's approach is not new and we can find similar ideas in the history of theological thought. In connection with this interpretation, the authors analyze prevalent theories related to this problem in order to identify the principal doctrines used to find a new solution. In this regard, the new potential solution is assessed in order to complete the approach... 

    A framework to the assessment and promotion of knowledge management maturity level in enterprise: modeling and case study

    , Article 2006 IEEE International Conference on Management of Innovation and Technology, ICMIT 2006, Singapore, 21 June 2006 through 23 June 2006 ; Volume 1 , 2006 , Pages 163-165 ; 1424401488 (ISBN); 9781424401482 (ISBN) Isaai, M. T ; Amin Moghaddam, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Systematic management of enterprise knowledge, e.g. new ideas, innovations and patents, has a great impact on business sustainability and growth. Without comprehensive assessment of knowledge assets, agile companies can not design and run knowledge promotion programs required for survival in competitive environments in modern economy. A comprehensive framework for the assessment of as-is situation and development of knowledge promotion plans includes (a) assessing the as-is situation- the quantity and quality of organizational knowledge; (b) developing a situational program based on assessment results, business strategy and knowledge maturity indicators; (c) and working out an action plan in... 

    Heterogeneous Knowledge Graph-Based Drug Repurposing Using Graph Convolutional Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gharizadeh Beyragh, Ali (Author) ; Rabiee, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    Drug repurposing, which means finding a drug for a disease among approved drugs, is a solution for decreasing drug development time and cost. However,drug repurposing suggestions have been serendipitous so far. Therefore,proposing a systematic method for drug repurposing is crucial in terms of cost and human life savings. Recently, biological network-based methods for drug repurposing have had promising results among computational methods. But,these methods have some limitations too. First, the size and variety of data used in these methods are limited. Second, heterogeneous data is either not used or converted to homogeneous data leading to information loss in these methods. Finally, not... 

    A Framework for Improving Knowledge Management in Situational Method

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Dehghani, Razieh (Author) ; Ramsin, Raman (Supervisor)
    In today’s methodical corporate world, processes have been recognized as valuable organizational knowledge assets. Situational Method Engineering (SME) processes are considered particularly valuable because of their effectiveness in building context-specific software processes for developing efficient software systems; thus, they indirectly affect all software-dependent organizational knowledge assets, including organizational processes. It is therefore logical to deduce that managing SME knowledge would improve the efficiency of both SME and organizational processes. Unfortunately, existing SME processes suffer from weaknesses that are rooted in loss of knowledge within method engineering... 

    Advantages of dependency parsing for free word order natural languages

    , Article 41st International Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, SOFSEM 2015, 24 January 2015 through 29 January 2015 ; Volume 8939 , 2015 , Pages 511-518 ; 03029743 (ISSN) ; 9783662460771 (ISBN) Mirlohi Falavarjani, S. A ; Ghassem Sani, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2015
    An important reason to prefer dependency parsing over classical phrased based methods, especially for languages such as Persian, with the property of being “free word order”, is that this particular property has a negative impact on the accuracy of conventional parsing methods. In Persian, some words such as adverbs can freely be moved within a sentence without affecting its correctness or meaning. In this paper, we illustrate the robustness of dependency parsing against this particular problem by training two well-known dependency parsers, namely MST Parser and Malt Parser, using a Persian dependency corpus called Dadegan. We divided the corpus into two separate parts including only... 

    Towards a knowledge based approach to style driven architecture design

    , Article Procedia Computer Science, 5 March 2015 through 6 March 2015 ; Volume 62 , 2015 , Pages 236-244 ; 18770509 (ISSN) Moaven, S ; Habibi, J ; Alidoosti, R ; Parvizi Mosaed, A ; Bahrami, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nowadays, knowledge is the key to success in all software engineering processes. This valuable knowledge, obtained through analysis, design, development, and maintenance processes of the system, should be saved and reused in designing and developing current and similar systems. Using pre-existing knowledge is a practical approach which reduces design complexity, improves software architecture design and manages software quality. In this paper, we describe an approach to create architecture design knowledge using a hierarchical structure of architectural styles based on quality attributes. Knowledge is most importance asset of our approach that reuses similar domains, correlates architectures... 

    Method engineering process patterns

    , Article 2nd India Software Engineering Conference, ISEC 2009, Pune, 23 February 2009 through 26 February 2009 ; 2009 , Pages 143-144 ; 9781605584263 (ISBN) Asadi, M ; Ramsin, R ; Computer Society of India ; Sharif University of Technology
    Method Engineering (ME) is based on the notion that no two software development projects are identical, and hence, the same development process is never executed twice. The need therefore arises for custom-built software development methodologies that are tailored to fit the specific project situation at hand, thus giving rise to the various Situational Method Engineering (SME) approaches currently in use. A process pattern is a description of a recurring development process fragment that can be used as a building block for engineering development processes. Software development process patterns are extensively used in SME, mainly as process components assembled together to form bespoke... 

    Organizational Learning Measurement in Organizational Processes: A Case Study in Assessing Learning in New Product Development in System Group Co.

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Borna, Behnam (Author) ; Mashayekhi, Alinaghi (Supervisor)
    Organizational learning is essential for organizations to grow and survive. Organizations can gain competitive advantage through proper organizational learning. Number of studies in this field in recent years shows the importance of this issue among practioners and academics. The first step in managing organzaitonal learning is its measurement. Organizations can be provided with solutions if an appropriate measurement tool is designed. The main question of this research is whether this tool can be designed or not so that organizational learning in organizational processes can be measured. Despite the significance of organizational learning measurement, the current studies in this field lack... 

    Towards A Framework for Knowledge Acquisition in Decision Support System in Software Architecture Domain

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ziaie, Azarakhsh (Author) ; Habibi, Jafar (Supervisor) ; Abtahi, Ebrahim (Co-Advisor)
    Making Decision about software architecture design is a multi-criteria problem which depends on different factors. One of the main problems in software architecture is the high cost and complexity of Decision making which is rooted in knowledge vaporiza-tion. In fact current developers of the system are not necessarily the primary designers of the architect. Thus, the system cannot be understood without the knowledge about the history of the architecture. Additionally, a good organization of knowledge will be helpful in terms of knowledge reuse and best practices which leads to low cost of architecture.Due to the importance of knowledge in software architecture, knowledge acquisition as well...