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    Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation prediction using Kalman filter

    , Article ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, 26 October 2011 through 29 October 2011, Barcelona ; 2011 ; 9781450309134 (ISBN) Montazeri, N ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Carrault, G ; Hernández, A. I ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    In this paper, we proposed a method based on Kalman Filter for predicting the onset of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) from the electrocardiogram (ECG) using clinical data available from the Computers in Cardiology (CinC) Challenge 2001. To predict PAF, we developed an algorithm based upon the number of atrial premature complexes (APCs) in the ECG. The algorithm detects classical isolated APCs by monitoring fidelity signals, which is defined here as a function of the innovation signal of Kalman filter, in vicinity of premature heartbeats and decides whether one beat is APC or not then predicts PAF, based on the number of APC. The challenge database consists of 56 pairs of 30-minute ECG... 

    Global analysis of a model of differential susceptibility induced by genetics

    , Article Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications ; Volume 12, Issue 4 , 2011 , Pages 2183-2197 ; 14681218 (ISSN) Razvan, M. R ; Yasaman, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    This paper is concerned with global analysis of an SIS epidemiological model in a population of varying size with two dissimilar groups of susceptible individuals. We prove that this system has no periodic solutions and use the Poincar index theorem to determine the number of rest points and their stability properties. It has been shown that multiple equilibria (bistability) occurs for suitable values of parameters. We also give some numerical examples of all possible bifurcations of this system  

    Comments regarding: Pereira SA, Lopez M, Lavado N, Abreu JM, Silva H. A clinical risk prediction model of orthodontic-induced external apical root resorption. Revista Portuguesa de Estomatologia, Medicina Dentária e Cirurgia Maxilofacial 2014;55(2):66-72

    , Article Revista Portuguesa de Estomatologia, Medicina Dentaria e Cirurgia Maxilofacial ; Volume 56, Issue 3 , 2015 , Pages 141-142 ; 16462890 (ISSN) Abdi, A. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Doyma  2015

    Reliability and validity of the Persian version of Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) to measure functional limitations in patients with foot and ankle disorders

    , Article Osteoarthritis and Cartilage ; Volume 18, Issue 6 , 2010 , Pages 755-759 ; 10634584 (ISSN) Mazaheri, M ; Salavati, M ; Negahban, H ; Sohani, S. M ; Taghizadeh, F ; Feizi, A ; Karimi, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Objective: To translate the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) into Persian and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of FAAM. Methods: 93 patients with a range of foot and ankle disorders, completed the Persian version of the FAAM and Short-Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) in the test session. With an interval of 2-6 days, 60 patients filled out the FAAM in the retest session. The FAAM is composed of two subscales including activities of daily living (ADL) and SPORTS. Internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha, test-retest reliability using intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and standard error of measurement (s.e.m.), item internal consistency... 

    Exploring cellular interactions of liposomes using protein corona fingerprints and physicochemical properties

    , Article ACS Nano ; Volume 10, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 3723-3737 ; 19360851 (ISSN) Bigdeli, A ; Palchetti, S ; Pozzi, D ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Baldelli Bombelli, F ; Caracciolo, G ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society 
    Abstract
    To control liposomes fate and transport upon contact with biofluids, it is essential to consider several parameters affecting the synthetic and biological identity of liposomes, as well as liposome-protein corona (PC) aspects. As a powerful tool in this data mining adventure, quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approach is used to correlate physicochemical properties of liposomes and their PC fingerprints to multiple quantified biological responses. In the present study, the relationship between cellular interactions of a set of structurally diverse liposomal formulations and their physicochemical and PC properties has been investigated via linear and nonlinear QSAR models.... 

    Alzheimer’s disease early diagnosis using manifold-based semi-supervised learning

    , Article Brain Sciences ; Volume 7, Issue 8 , 2017 ; 20763425 (ISSN) Khajehnejad, M ; Habibollahi Saatlou, F ; Mohammadzade, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is currently ranked as the sixth leading cause of death in the United States and recent estimates indicate that the disorder may rank third, just behind heart disease and cancer, as a cause of death for older people. Clearly, predicting this disease in the early stages and preventing it from progressing is of great importance. The diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) requires a variety of medical tests, which leads to huge amounts of multivariate heterogeneous data. It can be difficult and exhausting to manually compare, visualize, and analyze this data due to the heterogeneous nature of medical tests, therefore, an efficient approach for accurate prediction of the... 

    Exact solution of generalized cooperative susceptible-infected-removed (SIR) dynamics

    , Article Physical Review E ; Volume 100, Issue 1 , 2019 ; 24700045 (ISSN) Zarei, F ; Moghimi Araghi, S ; Ghanbarnejad, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Physical Society  2019
    Abstract
    In this paper, we introduce a general framework for coinfection as cooperative susceptible-infected-removed (SIR) dynamics. We first solve the SIR model analytically for two symmetric cooperative contagions [L. Chen, Europhys. Lett. 104, 50001 (2013)10.1209/0295-5075/104/50001] and then generalize and solve the model exactly in the symmetric scenarios for three and more cooperative contagions. We calculate the transition points and order parameters, i.e., the total number of infected hosts. We show that the behavior of the system does not change qualitatively with the inclusion of more diseases. We also show analytically that there is a saddle-node-like bifurcation for two cooperative SIR... 

    The global, regional, and national burden of inflammatory bowel disease in 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2017

    , Article The Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology ; Volume 5, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 17-30 Alatab, S ; Sepanlou, S. G ; Ikuta, K ; Vahedi, H ; Bisignano, C ; Safiri, S ; Sadeghi, A ; Nixon, M. R ; Abdoli, A ; Abolhassani, H ; Alipour, V ; Almadi, M. A. H ; Almasi Hashiani, A ; Anushiravani, A ; Arabloo, J ; Atique, S ; Awasthi, A ; Badawi, A ; Baig, A. A. A ; Bhala, N ; Bijani, A ; Biondi, A ; Borzì, A. M ; Burke, K. E ; Carvalho, F ; Daryani, A ; Dubey, M ; Eftekhari, A ; Fernandes, E ; Fernandes, J. C ; Fischer, F ; Haj Mirzaian, A ; Hasanzadeh, A ; Hashemian, M ; Hay, S. I ; Hoang, C. L ; Househ, M ; Ilesanmi, O. S ; Balalami, N. J ; James, S. L ; Kengne, A. P ; Malekzadeh, M. M ; Merat, S ; Meretoja, T. J ; Mestrovic, T ; Mirrakhimov, E. M ; Mirzaei, H ; Mohammad, K. A ; Mokdad, A. H ; Monasta, L ; Negoi, I ; Nguyen, T. H ; Nguyen, C. T ; Pourshams, A ; Poustchi, H ; Rabiee, M ; Rabiee, N ; Ramezanzadeh, K ; Rawaf, D. L ; Rawaf, S ; Rezaei, N ; Robinson, S. R ; Ronfani, L ; Saxena, S ; Sepehrimanesh, M ; Shaikh, M. A ; Sharafi, Z ; Sharif, M ; Siabani, S ; Sima, A. R ; Singh, J. A ; Soheili, A ; Sotoudehmanesh, R ; Suleria, H. A. R ; Tesfay, B. E ; Tran, B ; Tsoi, D ; Vacante, M ; Wondmieneh, A. B ; Zarghi, A ; Zhang, Z. J ; Dirac, M ; Malekzadeh, R ; Naghavi, M ; GBD 2017 Inflammatory Bowel Disease Collaborators ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Background: The burden of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is rising globally, with substantial variation in levels and trends of disease in different countries and regions. Understanding these geographical differences is crucial for formulating effective strategies for preventing and treating IBD. We report the prevalence, mortality, and overall burden of IBD in 195 countries and territories between 1990 and 2017, based on data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2017. Methods: We modelled mortality due to IBD using a standard Cause of Death Ensemble model including data mainly from vital registrations. To estimate the non-fatal burden, we used data... 

    Postural control learning dynamics in Parkinson's disease: Early improvement with plateau in stability, and continuous progression in flexibility and mobility

    , Article BioMedical Engineering Online ; Volume 19, Issue 1 , 2020 Rahmati, Z ; Behzadipour, S ; Schouten, A. C ; Taghizadeh, G ; Firoozbakhsh, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    BioMed Central Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Background: Balance training improves postural control in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, a systematic approach for the development of individualized, optimal training programs is still lacking, as the learning dynamics of the postural control in PD, over a training program, are poorly understood. Objectives: We investigated the learning dynamics of the postural control in PD, during a balance-training program, in terms of the clinical, posturographic, and novel model-based measures. Methods: Twenty patients with PD participated in a balance-training program, 3 days a week, for 6 weeks. Clinical tests assessed functional balance and mobility pre-training, mid-training, and post-training.... 

    Non-invasive auditory brain stimulation for gamma-band entrainment in dementia patients: An EEG dataset

    , Article Data in Brief ; Volume 41 , 2022 ; 23523409 (ISSN) Lahijanian, M ; Sedghizadeh, M. J ; Aghajan, H ; Vahabi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2022
    Abstract
    Gamma entrainment has been shown to enhance beta amyloid (Aβ) uptake in mouse models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) as well as improve cognitive symptoms of dementia in both humans and mice. Similar improvements have been reported for both invasive and non-invasive brain stimulation in the gamma oscillatory band, with 40 Hz auditory and visual sensory stimulants employed in non-invasive approaches. Non-invasive stimulation techniques possess the clear advantage of not requiring surgical procedures and can hence be applicable to a wider set of patients. The dataset introduced here was acquired with the aim of examining the network-level mechanisms governing the production of the brain's... 

    Identifying brain functional connectivity alterations during different stages of Alzheimer’s disease

    , Article International Journal of Neuroscience ; Volume 132, Issue 10 , 2022 , Pages 1005-1013 ; 00207454 (ISSN) Ahmadi, H ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Motie Nasrabadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Purpose: Alzheimer's disease (AD) starts years before its signs and symptoms including the dementia become apparent. Diagnosis of the AD in the early stages is important to reduce the speed of brain decline. Aim of the study: Identifying the alterations in the functional connectivity of the brain during the disease stages is among the main important issues in this regard. Therefore, in this study, the changes in the functional connectivity during the AD stages were analyzed. Materials and methods: By employing the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data and graph theory, weighted undirected graphs of the whole-brain and default mode network (DMN) network were investigated... 

    Metabonomics based NMR in Crohn's disease applying PLS-DA

    , Article Gastroenterology and Hepatology from Bed to Bench ; Volume 6, Issue SUPPL , 2013 , Pages S82-S86 ; 20082258 (ISSN) Fathi, F ; Oskouie, A. A ; Tafazzoli, M ; Naderi, N ; Sohrabzedeh, K ; Fathi, S ; Norouzinia, M ; Nejad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Aim: The aim of this study was to search for metabolic biomarkers of Crohn's disease (CD). Background: Crohn's disease (CD) is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that causes a wide variety of symptoms. CD can influence any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus. CD is not easily diagnosed because monitoring tools are currently insufficient. Thus, the discovery of proper methods is needed for early diagnosis of CD. Patients and methods: We utilized metabolic profiling using proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1HNMR) to find the metabolites in serum. Classification of CD and healthy subject was done using partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA).... 

    Diagnosis of early Alzheimer's disease based on EEG source localization and a standardized realistic head model

    , Article IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics ; Volume 17, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages 1039-1045 ; 21682194 (ISSN) Aghajani, H ; Zahedi, E ; Jalili, M ; Keikhosravi, A ; Vahdat, B. V ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this paper, distributed electroencephalographic (EEG) sources in the brain have been mapped with the objective of early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). To this end, records from a montage of a high-density EEG from 17 early AD patients and 17 matched healthy control subjects were considered. Subjects were in eyes-closed, resting-state condition. Cortical EEG sources were modeled by the standardized low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (sLORETA) method. Relative logarithmic power spectral density values were obtained in the four conventional frequency bands (alpha, beta, delta, and theta) and 12 cortical regions. Results show that in the left brain hemisphere, the theta... 

    Low back pain and postural sway during quiet standing with and without sensory manipulation: A systematic review

    , Article Gait and Posture ; Volume 37, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 12-22 ; 09666362 (ISSN) Mazaheri, M ; Coenen, P ; Parnianpour, M ; Kiers, H ; van Dieen, J. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A previous review concluded that postural sway is increased in patients with low back pain (LBP). However, more detailed analysis of the literature shows that postural deficit may be dependent on experimental conditions in which patients with LBP have been assessed. The research question to be answered in this review was: " Is there any difference in postural sway between subjects with and without LBP across several sensory manipulation conditions?" A literature search in Pubmed, Scopus, Embase and PsychInfo was performed followed by hand search and contact with authors. Studies investigating postural sway during bipedal stance without applying external forces in patients with specific and... 

    Parallel nonlinear analysis of weighted brain's gray and white matter images for Alzheimer's dementia diagnosis

    , Article 2010 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC'10, 31 August 2010 through 4 September 2010, Buenos Aires ; 2010 , Pages 5573-5576 ; 9781424441235 (ISBN) Razavian, S. M. J ; Torabi, M ; Kim, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    In this study, we are proposing a novel nonlinear classification approach to discriminate between Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and a control group using T1-weighted and T2- weighted Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI's) of brain. Since T1-weighted images and T2-weighted images have inherent physical differences, obviously each of them has its own particular medical data and hence, we extracted some specific features from each. Then the variations of the relevant eigenvalues of the extracted features were tracked to pick up the most informative ones. The final features were assigned to two parallel systems to be nonlinearly categorized. Considering the fact that AD defects the white and gray regions... 

    Margination and adhesion of micro- and nanoparticles in the coronary circulation: a step towards optimised drug carrier design

    , Article Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology ; 2017 , Pages 1-17 ; 16177959 (ISSN) Forouzandehmehr, M ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Obstruction of left anterior descending artery (LAD) due to the thrombosis or atherosclerotic plaques is the leading cause of death worldwide. Targeted delivery of drugs through micro- and nanoparticles is a very promising approach for developing new strategies in clot-busting or treating restenosis. In this work, we modelled the blood flow characteristics in a patient-specific reconstructed LAD artery by the fluid–solid interaction method and based on physiological boundary conditions. Next, we provided a Lagrangian description of micro- and nanoparticles dynamics in the blood flow considering their Brownian motion and the particle–particle interactions. Our results state that the number of... 

    A Postural control model to assess the improvement of balance rehabilitation in parkinson's disease

    , Article Proceedings of the IEEE RAS and EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, 26 August 2018 through 29 August 2018 ; Volume 2018-August , 2018 , Pages 1019-1024 ; 21551774 (ISSN) ; 9781538681831 (ISBN) Rahmati, Z ; Behzadipour, S ; Schouten, A. C ; Taghizadeh, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Studies have shown that balance and mobility in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) can improve through rehabilitation interventions. However, until now no quantitative method investigated how these patients improve their balance control. In this study, a single inverted pendulum model with PID controller was used to describe the improvement of forty PD patients after a 12-session therapy program, and to compare their balance with twenty healthy subjects. The Center of Pressure (COP) data were recorded in seven sensory conditions - on rigid and foam surface, each with eyes open and closed, and with visual disturbance; and stance on rigid surface with attached vibrator to the Achilles... 

    Design and fabrication of an ubiquitous, low-cost, and wearable respiratory bio-sensor using ionic soft materials

    , Article 26th National and 4th International Iranian Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2019, 27 November 2019 through 28 November 2019 ; 2019 , Pages 55-59 ; 9781728156637 (ISBN) Annabestani, M ; Mirzaei, I ; Esmaeili Dokht, P ; Fardmanesh, M
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    The respiratory system is a vital organ system which makes breathing and gas exchange possible for human's body. The loss of functionality in this system is due to either genetical problems or environmental issues like pollution or toxic gases which in many cases is inevitable. These circumstances may cause different respiratory diseases which may not be curable presently but their side effects can be partly controlled by careful and timely analysis improving the quality of patient's life. So, an appropriate device for conducting different analysis can be effective for people who suffer from respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, occupational lung... 

    A multi-scale model for determining the effects of pathophysiology and metabolic disorders on tumor growth

    , Article Scientific Reports ; Volume 10, Issue 1 , 20 February , 2020 Nikmaneshi, M. R ; Firoozabadi, B ; Mozafari, A ; Munn, L. L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Research  2020
    Abstract
    The search for efficient chemotherapy drugs and other anti-cancer treatments would benefit from a deeper understanding of the tumor microenvironment (TME) and its role in tumor progression. Because in vivo experimental methods are unable to isolate or control individual factors of the TME and in vitro models often do not include all the contributing factors, some questions are best addressed with systems biology mathematical models. In this work, we present a new fully-coupled, agent-based, multi-scale mathematical model of tumor growth, angiogenesis and metabolism that includes important aspects of the TME spanning subcellular-, cellular- and tissue-level scales. The mathematical model is... 

    Measuring routine childhood vaccination coverage in 204 countries and territories, 1980–2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2020, Release 1

    , Article The Lancet ; Volume 398, Issue 10299 , 2021 , Pages 503-521 ; 01406736 (ISSN) Galles, N. C ; Liu, P.Y ; Updike, R.L ; Fullman, N ; Nguyen, J ; Rolfe, S ; Sbarra, A.N ; Schipp, M.F ; Marks, A ; Abady, G.G ; Abbas, K.M ; Abbasi, S.W ; Abbastabar, H ; Abd-Allah, F ; Abdoli, A ; Abolhassani, H ; Abosetugn, A.E ; Adabi, M ; Adamu, A.A ; Adetokunboh, O.O ; Adnani, Q.E.S ; Advani, S.M ; Afzal, S ; Aghamir, S.M.K ; Ahinkorah, B.O ; Ahmad, S ; Ahmad, T ; Ahmadi, S ; Ahmed, H ; Ahmed, M.B ; Ahmed Rashid, T ; Ahmed Salih, Y ; Akalu, Y ; Aklilu, A ; Akunna, C.J ; Al Hamad, H ; Alahdab, F ; Albano, L ; Alemayehu, Y ; Alene, K.A ; Al-Eyadhy, A ; Alhassan, R.K ; Ali, L ; Aljunid, S.M ; Almustanyir, S ; Altirkawi, K.A ; Alvis-Guzman, N ; Amu, H ; Andrei, C.L ; Andrei, T ; Ansar, A ; Ansari-Moghaddam, A ; Antonazzo, I.C ; Antony, B ; Arabloo, J ; Arab-Zozani, M ; Artanti, K.D ; Arulappan, J ; Awan, A.T ; Awoke, M.A ; Ayza, M.A ; Azarian, G ; Azzam, A.Y ; B, D.B ; Babar, Z.-U.-D ; Balakrishnan, S ; Banach, M ; Bante, S.A ; Bärnighausen, T.W ; Barqawi, H.J ; Barrow, A ; Bassat, Q ; Bayarmagnai, N ; Bejarano Ramirez, D.F ; Bekuma, T.T ; Belay, H.G ; Belgaumi, U.I ; Bhagavathula, A.S ; Bhandari, D ; Bhardwaj, N ; Bhardwaj, P ; Bhaskar, S ; Bhattacharyya, K ; Bibi, S ; Bijani, A ; Biondi, A ; Boloor, A ; Braithwaite, D ; Buonsenso, D ; Butt, Z.A ; Camargos, P ; Carreras, G ; Carvalho, F ; Castañeda-Orjuela, C.A ; Chakinala, R.C ; Charan, J ; Chatterjee, S ; Chattu, S.K ; Chattu, V.K ; Chowdhury, F.R ; Christopher, D.J ; Chu, D.-T ; Chung, S.-C ; Cortesi, P.A ; Costa, V.M ; Couto, R.A.S ; Dadras, O ; Dagnew, A.B ; Dagnew, B ; Dai, X ; Dandona, L ; Dandona, R ; De Neve, J.-W ; Derbew Molla, M ; Derseh, B.T ; Desai, R ; Desta, A.A ; Dhamnetiya, D ; Dhimal, M.L ; Dhimal, M ; Dianatinasab, M ; Diaz, D ; Djalalinia, S ; Dorostkar, F ; Edem, B ; Edinur, H.A ; Eftekharzadeh, S ; El Sayed, I ; El Sayed Zaki, M ; Elhadi, M ; El-Jaafary, S.I ; Elsharkawy, A ; Enany, S ; Erkhembayar, R ; Esezobor, C.I ; Eskandarieh, S ; Ezeonwumelu, I.J ; Ezzikouri, S ; Fares, J ; Faris, P.S ; Feleke, B.E ; Ferede, T.Y ; Fernandes, E ; Fernandes, J.C ; Ferrara, P ; Filip, I ; Fischer, F ; Francis, M.R ; Fukumoto, T ; Gad, M.M ; Gaidhane, S ; Gallus, S ; Garg, T ; Geberemariyam, B.S ; Gebre, T ; Gebregiorgis, B.G ; Gebremedhin, K.B ; Gebremichael, B ; Gessner, B.D ; Ghadiri, K ; Ghafourifard, M ; Ghashghaee, A ; Gilani, S.A ; Glăvan, I.-R ; Glushkova, E.V ; Golechha, M ; Gonfa, K.B ; Gopalani, S.V ; Goudarzi, H ; Gubari, M.I.M ; Guo, Y ; Gupta, V.B ; Gupta, V.K ; Gutiérrez, R.A ; Haeuser, E ; Halwani, R ; Hamidi, S ; Hanif, A ; Haque, S ; Harapan, H ; Hargono, A ; Hashi, A ; Hassan, S ; Hassanein, M.H ; Hassanipour, S ; Hassankhani, H ; Hay, S.I ; Hayat, K ; Hegazy, M.I ; Heidari, G ; Hezam, K ; Holla, R ; Hoque, M.E ; Hosseini, M ; Hosseinzadeh, M ; Hostiuc, M ; Househ, M ; Hsieh, V.C.-R ; Huang, J ; Humayun, A ; Hussain, R ; Hussein, N.R ; Ibitoye, S.E ; Ilesanmi, O.S ; Ilic, I.M ; Ilic, M.D ; Inamdar, S ; Iqbal, U ; Irham, L.M ; Irvani, S.S.N ; Islam, S.M.S ; Ismail, N.E ; Itumalla, R ; Jha, R.P ; Joukar, F ; Kabir, A ; Kabir, Z ; Kalhor, R ; Kamal, Z ; Kamande, S.M ; Kandel, H ; Karch, A ; Kassahun, G ; Kassebaum, N.J ; Katoto, P.D ; Kelkay, B ; Kengne, A.P ; Khader, Y.S ; Khajuria, H ; Khalil, I.A ; Khan, E.A ; Khan, G ; Khan, J ; Khan, M.A ; Khan, M.A ; Khang, Y.-H ; Khoja, A.T ; Khubchandani, J ; Kim, G.R ; Kim, M.S ; Kim, Y.J ; Kimokoti, R.W ; Kisa, A ; Kisa, S ; Korshunov, V.A ; Kosen, S ; Kuate Defo, B ; Kulkarni, V ; Kumar, A ; Kumar, G.A ; Kumar, N ; Kwarteng, A ; La Vecchia, C ; Lami, F.H ; Landires, I ; Lasrado, S ; Lassi, Z.S ; Lee, H ; Lee, Y.Y ; Levi, M ; Lewycka, S ; Li, S ; Liu, X ; Lobo, S.W ; Lopukhov, P.D ; Lozano, R ; Lutzky Saute, R ; Magdy Abd El Razek, M ; Makki, A ; Malik, A.A ; Mansour-Ghanaei, F ; Mansournia, M.A ; Mantovani, L.G ; Martins-Melo, F.R ; Matthews, P.C ; Medina, J.R.C ; Mendoza, W ; Menezes, R.G ; Mengesha, E.W ; Meretoja, T.J ; Mersha, A.G ; Mesregah, M.K ; Mestrovic, T ; Miazgowski, B ; Milne, G.J ; Mirica, A ; Mirrakhimov, E.M ; Mirzaei, H.R ; Misra, S ; Mithra, P ; Moghadaszadeh, M ; Mohamed, T.A ; Mohammad, K.A ; Mohammad, Y ; Mohammadi, M ; Mohammadian-Hafshejani, A ; Mohammed, A ; Mohammed, S ; Mohapatra, A ; Mokdad, A.H ; Molokhia, M ; Monasta, L ; Moni, M.A ; Montasir, A.A ; Moore, C.E ; Moradi, G ; Moradzadeh, R ; Moraga, P ; Mueller, U.O ; Munro, S.B ; Naghavi, M ; Naimzada, M.D ; Naveed, M ; Nayak, B.P ; Negoi, I ; Neupane Kandel, S ; Nguyen, T.H ; Nikbakhsh, R ; Ningrum, D.N.A ; Nixon, M.R ; Nnaji, C.A ; Noubiap, J.J ; Nuñez-Samudio, V ; Nwatah, V.E ; Oancea, B ; Ochir, C ; Ogbo, F.A ; Olagunju, A.T ; Olakunde, B.O ; Onwujekwe, O.E ; Otstavnov, N ; Otstavnov, S.S ; Owolabi, M.O ; Padubidri, J.R ; Pakshir, K ; Park, E.-C ; Pashazadeh Kan, F ; Pathak, M ; Paudel, R ; Pawar, S ; Pereira, J ; Peres, M.F.P ; Perianayagam, A ; Pinheiro, M ; Pirestani, M ; Podder, V ; Polibin, R.V ; Pollok, R.C.G ; Postma, M.J ; Pottoo, F.H ; Rabiee, M ; Rabiee, N ; Radfar, A ; Rafiei, A ; Rahimi-Movaghar, V ; Rahman, M ; Rahmani, A.M ; Rahmawaty, S ; Rajesh, A ; Ramshaw, R.E ; Ranasinghe, P ; Rao, C.R ; Rao, S.J ; Rathi, P ; Rawaf, D.L ; Rawaf, S ; Renzaho, A.M.N ; Rezaei, N ; Rezai, M.S ; Rios-Blancas, M ; Rogowski, E.L.B ; Ronfani, L ; Rwegerera, G.M ; Saad, A.M ; Sabour, S ; Saddik, B ; Saeb, M.R ; Saeed, U ; Sahebkar, A ; Sahraian, M.A ; Salam, N ; Salimzadeh, H ; Samaei, M ; Samy, A.M ; Sanabria, J ; Sanmarchi, F ; Santric-Milicevic, M.M ; Sartorius, B ; Sarveazad, A ; Sathian, B ; Sawhney, M ; Saxena, D ; Saxena, S ; Seidu, A.-A ; Seylani, A ; Shaikh, M.A ; Shamsizadeh, M ; Shetty, P.H ; Shigematsu, M ; Shin, J.I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    Background: Measuring routine childhood vaccination is crucial to inform global vaccine policies and programme implementation, and to track progress towards targets set by the Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP) and Immunization Agenda 2030. Robust estimates of routine vaccine coverage are needed to identify past successes and persistent vulnerabilities. Drawing from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2020, Release 1, we did a systematic analysis of global, regional, and national vaccine coverage trends using a statistical framework, by vaccine and over time. Methods: For this analysis we collated 55 326 country-specific, cohort-specific, year-specific,...