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    Nanotechnology-assisted microfluidic systems: From bench to bedside

    , Article Nanomedicine ; Volume 16, Issue 3 , 2021 , Pages 237-258 ; 17435889 (ISSN) Rabiee, N ; Ahmadi, S ; Fatahi, Y ; Rabiee, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Dinarvand, R ; Bagheri, B ; Zarrintaj, P ; Saeb, M. R ; Webster, T. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Future Medicine Ltd  2021
    With significant advancements in research technologies, and an increasing global population, microfluidic and nanofluidic systems (such as point-of-care, lab-on-a-chip, organ-on-a-chip, etc) have started to revolutionize medicine. Devices that combine micron and nanotechnologies have increased sensitivity, precision and versatility for numerous medical applications. However, while there has been extensive research on microfluidic and nanofluidic systems, very few have experienced wide-spread commercialization which is puzzling and deserves our collective attention. For the above reasons, in this article, we review research advances that combine micro and nanotechnologies to create the next... 

    Preparation and evaluation of bioactive and compatible starch based superabsorbent for oral drug delivery systems

    , Article Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology ; Volume 23, Issue 5 , 2013 , Pages 511-517 ; 17732247 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Ebrahimi, A. A ; Barzegar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Novel types of highly swelling hydrogels (superabsorbent) were prepared by grafting crosslinked poly acrylic acid-co-2-hydroxyethylmetacrylate (PAA-co-HEMA) chains onto starch through a free radical polymerization method. The effect of grafting variables (i.e., concentration of methylenebisacrylamide (MBA), acrylic acid/2-hydroxy methymetacrylate (AA/HEMA) weight ratio, ammonium persulfate (APS), starch, neutralization percent, were systematically optimized to achieve a hydrogel with a maximum swelling capacity. The superabsorbent (SAP) formation was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The controlled-release behavior of... 

    Silver nanoparticles with gelatin nanoshells: Photochemical facile green synthesis and their antimicrobial activity

    , Article Journal of Nanoparticle Research ; Volume 13, Issue 10 , October , 2011 , Pages 4647-4658 ; 13880764 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Soleyman, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the current study, a facile green synthesis of silver-gelatin core-shell nanostructures (spherical, spherical/cubic hybrid, and cubic, DLS diameter: 4.1-6.9 nm) is reported via the wet chemical synthesis procedure. Sunlight-UV as an available reducing agent cause mild reduction of silver ions into the silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs). Gelatin protein, as an effective capping/shaping agent, was used in the reaction to self-assemble silver nanostructures. The formation of silver nanostructures and their self-assembly pattern was confirmed by SEM, AFM, and TEM techniques. Further investigations were carried out using zeta-potential, UV-Vis, FTIR, GPC, and TGA/DTG/DTA data. The prepared Ag-NPs... 

    PLGA/TiO2 nanocomposite scaffolds for biomedical applications: Fabrication, photocatalytic, and antibacterial properties

    , Article BioImpacts ; Volume 11, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 45-52 ; 22285652 (ISSN) Pelaseyed, S. S ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Nokhbedehghan, Z ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Tabriz University of Medical Sciences  2021
    Introduction: Porous 3D scaffolds synthesized using biocompatible and biodegradable materials could provide suitable microenvironment and mechanical support for optimal cell growth and function. The effect of the scaffold porosity on the mechanical properties, as well as the TiO2 nanoparticles addition on the bioactivity, antimicrobial, photocatalytic, and cytotoxicity properties of scaffolds were investigated. Methods: In the present study, porous scaffolds consisting poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) containing TiO2 nanoparticles were fabricated via air-liquid foaming technique, which is a novel method and has more advantages due to not using additives for nucleation compared to former... 

    Stimulus-specific adaptation decreases the coupling of spikes to LFP phase

    , Article Frontiers in Neural Circuits ; Volume 13 , 2019 ; 16625110 (ISSN) Parto Dezfouli, M ; Zarei, M ; Jahed, M ; Daliri, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Frontiers Media S.A  2019
    Stimulus repetition suppresses the neural activity in different sensory areas of the brain. This mechanism of so-called stimulus-specific adaptation (SSA) has been observed in both spiking activity and local field potential (LFP) responses. However, much remains to be known about the effect of SSA on the spike–LFP relation. In this study, we approached this issue by investigating the spike-phase coupling (SPC) in control and adapting paradigms. For the control paradigm, pure tones were presented in a random unbiased sequence. In the adapting paradigm, the same stimuli were presented in a random pattern but it was biased to an adapter stimulus. In fact, the adapter occupied 80% of the... 

    Chromatographic fingerprint analysis of secondary metabolites in citrus fruits peels using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with advanced chemometric methods

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1251 , 2012 , Pages 176-187 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Parastar, H ; Jalali Heravi, M ; Sereshti, H ; Mani Varnosfaderani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Multivariate curve resolution (MCR) and multivariate clustering methods along with other chemometric methods are proposed to improve the analysis of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) fingerprints of secondary metabolites in citrus fruits peels. In this way, chromatographic problems such as baseline/background contribution, low S/N peaks, asymmetric peaks, retention time shifts, and co-elution (overlapped and embedded peaks) occurred during GC-MS analysis of chromatographic fingerprints are solved using the proposed strategy. In this study, first, informative GC-MS fingerprints of citrus secondary metabolites are generated and then, whole data sets are segmented to some... 

    Fuzzy C-means clustering for chromatographic fingerprints analysis: A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry case study

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1438 , 2016 , Pages 236-243 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Parastar, H ; Bazrafshan, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Fuzzy C-means clustering (FCM) is proposed as a promising method for the clustering of chromatographic fingerprints of complex samples, such as essential oils. As an example, secondary metabolites of 14 citrus leaves samples are extracted and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The obtained chromatographic fingerprints are divided to desired number of chromatographic regions. Owing to the fact that chromatographic problems, such as elution time shift and peak overlap can significantly affect the clustering results, therefore, each chromatographic region is analyzed using multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) to address these problems. Then,... 

    Chemometrics comparison of gas chromatography with mass spectrometry and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry Daphnia magna metabolic profiles exposed to salinity

    , Article Journal of Separation Science ; Volume 41, Issue 11 , 2018 , Pages 2368-2379 ; 16159306 (ISSN) Parastar, H ; Garreta Lara, E ; Campos, B ; Barata, C ; Lacorte, S ; Tauler, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2018
    The performances of gas chromatography with mass spectrometry and of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry are examined through the comparison of Daphnia magna metabolic profiles. Gas chromatography with mass spectrometry and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with mass spectrometry were used to compare the concentration changes of metabolites under saline conditions. In this regard, a chemometric strategy based on wavelet compression and multivariate curve resolution–alternating least squares is used to compare the performances of gas chromatography with mass spectrometry and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with... 

    Targeted nanomedicines for the treatment of bone disease and regeneration

    , Article Medicinal Research Reviews ; Volume 41, Issue 3 , 2021 , Pages 1221-1254 ; 01986325 (ISSN) Ordikhani, F ; Zandi, N ; Mazaheri, M ; Luther, G. A ; Ghovvati, M ; Akbarzadeh, A ; Annabi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2021
    Targeted delivery by either passive or active targeting of therapeutics to the bone is an attractive treatment for various bone related diseases such as osteoporosis, osteosarcoma, multiple myeloma, and metastatic bone tumors. Engineering novel drug delivery carriers can increase therapeutic efficacy and minimize the risk of side effects. Developmnet of nanocarrier delivery systems is an interesting field of ongoing studies with opportunities to provide more effective therapies. In addition, preclinical nanomedicine research can open new opportunities for preclinical bone-targeted drug delivery; nevertheless, further research is needed to progress these therapies towards clinical... 

    Advances in skin regeneration: application of electrospun scaffolds

    , Article Advanced Healthcare Materials ; Volume 4, Issue 8 , 2015 , Pages 1114-1133 ; 21922640 (ISSN) Norouzi, M ; Boroujeni, S. M ; Omidvarkordshouli, N ; Soleimani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2015
    The paucity of cellular and molecular signals essential for normal wound healing makes severe dermatological ulcers stubborn to heal. The novel strategies of skin regenerative treatments are focused on the development of biologically responsive scaffolds accompanied by cells and multiple biomolecules resembling structural and biochemical cues of the natural extracellular matrix (ECM). Electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds provide similar architecture to the ECM leading to enhancement of cell adhesion, proliferation, migration and neo tissue formation. This Review surveys the application of biocompatible natural, synthetic and composite polymers to fabricate electrospun scaffolds as skin... 

    A unified approach for detection of induced epileptic seizures in rats using ECoG signals

    , Article Epilepsy and Behavior ; Volume 27, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 355-364 ; 15255050 (ISSN) Niknazar, M ; Mousavi, S. R ; Motaghi, S ; Dehghani, A ; Vosoughi Vahdat, B ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sayyah, M ; Noorbakhsh, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Objective: Epileptic seizure detection is a key step for epilepsy assessment. In this work, using the pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) model, seizures were induced in rats, and ECoG signals in interictal, preictal, ictal, and postictal periods were recorded. The recorded ECoG signals were then analyzed to detect epileptic seizures in the epileptic rats. Methods: Two different approaches were considered in this work: thresholding and classification. In the thresholding approach, a feature is calculated in consecutive windows, and the resulted index is tracked over time and compared with a threshold. The moment the index crosses the threshold is considered as the moment of seizure onset. In the... 

    Application of a dissimilarity index of EEG and its sub-bands on prediction of induced epileptic seizures from rat's EEG signals

    , Article IRBM ; Volume 33, Issue 5-6 , December , 2012 , Pages 298-307 ; 19590318 (ISSN) Niknazar, M ; Mousavi, S. R ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Vosoughi Vahdat, B ; Sayyah, M ; Motaghi, S ; Dehghani, A ; Noorbakhsh, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Objective: Epileptic seizures are defined as manifest of excessive and hyper-synchronous activity of neurons in the cerebral cortex that cause frequent malfunction of the human central nervous system. Therefore, finding precursors and predictors of epileptic seizure is of utmost clinical relevance to reduce the epileptic seizure induced nervous system malfunction consequences. Researchers for this purpose may even guide us to a deep understanding of the seizure generating mechanisms. The goal of this paper is to predict epileptic seizures in epileptic rats. Methods: Seizures were induced in rats using pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) model. EEG signals in interictal, preictal, ictal and postictal... 

    Biomechanical response of intact, degenerated and repaired intervertebral discs under impact loading – Ex-vivo and In-Silico investigation

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 70 , March , 2018 , Pages 26-32 ; 00219290 (ISSN) Nikkhoo, M ; Wang, J. L ; Parnianpour, M ; El-Rich, M ; Khalaf, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Understanding the effect of impact loading on the mechanical response of the intervertebral disc (IVD) is valuable for investigating injury mechanisms and devising effective therapeutic modalities. This study used 24 porcine thoracic motion segments to characterize the mechanical response of intact (N = 8), degenerated (Trypsin-denatured, N = 8), and repaired (Genepin-treated, N = 8) IVDs subject to impact loading. A meta-model analysis of poroelastic finite element simulations was used in combination with ex-vivo creep and impact tests to extract the material properties. Forward analyses using updated specimen-specific FE models were performed to evaluate the effect of impact duration. The... 

    Nonparametric simulation of signal transduction networks with semi-synchronized update

    , Article PLoS ONE ; Volume 7, Issue 6 , 2012 ; 19326203 (ISSN) Nassiri, I ; Masoudi Nejad, A ; Jalili, M ; Moeini, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Simulating signal transduction in cellular signaling networks provides predictions of network dynamics by quantifying the changes in concentration and activity-level of the individual proteins. Since numerical values of kinetic parameters might be difficult to obtain, it is imperative to develop non-parametric approaches that combine the connectivity of a network with the response of individual proteins to signals which travel through the network. The activity levels of signaling proteins computed through existing non-parametric modeling tools do not show significant correlations with the observed values in experimental results. In this work we developed a non-parametric computational... 

    کلیدواژه های تکراریCurcumin loading potentiates the neuroprotective efficacy of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles in cerebellum cells of schizophrenic rats

    , Article Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy ; Volume 108 , 2018 , Pages 1244-1252 ; 07533322 (ISSN) Naserzadeh, P ; Ashrafi Hafez, A ; Abdorahim, M ; Abdollahifar, M. A ; Shabani, R ; Peirovi, H ; Simchi, A ; Ashtari, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the neurotoxic effects of Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs on isolated schizophrenia mitochondria of rats as an in vivo model. Methods: We designed CMN loaded superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) (Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs) to achieve an enhanced therapeutic effect. The physicochemical properties of Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), and dynamic laser light scattering (DLS) and zeta potential. Further, to prove Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs results in superior therapeutic effects, and also, the mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, mitochondrial complex II activity, reactive oxygen species generation,... 

    Evaluation of the effects of fullerene c60 nanoparticles on oxidative stress parameters in normal rats liver and brain

    , Article Journal of Advances in Medical and Biomedical Research ; Volume 27, Issue 124 , 2019 , Pages 8-15 ; 26766264 (ISSN) Namadr, F ; Bahrami, F ; Bahri, Z ; Ghanbari, B ; Elahi, S. A ; Mohammadi, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Zanjan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services  2019
    Background & Objective: The potent antioxidant property of fullerene C60 nanoparticles and their derivatives has been demonstrated in a wide range of in vitro and in vivo studies. Hence, we examined the effects of fullerene C60 on the oxidative stress parameters in brain and liver of the rats in normal situation. Materials & Methods: The study was performed in two groups of Wistar rats (each group, n = 6); normal and fullerene-treated normal animals. Treated rats received fullerene via oral gavage at dose of 1 mg/kg/day for 60 days. At termination of the study, the oxidative stress parameters were determined in brain and liver tissues, including the contents of glutathione (GSH) and... 

    Interactive optimization of biosurfactant production by Paenibacillus alvei ARN63 isolated from an Iranian oil well

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 82, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 33-39 ; 09277765 (ISSN) Najafi, A. R ; Rahimpour, M. R ; Jahanmiri, A. H ; Roostaazad, R ; Arabian, D ; Soleimani, M ; Jamshidnejad, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    The potential of an indigenous bacterial strain isolated from an Iranian oil field for the production of biosurfactant was investigated in this study. After isolation, the bacterium was characterized to be Paenibacillus alvei by biochemical tests and 16S ribotyping. The biosurfactant, which was produced by this bacterium, was able to lower the surface tension of media to 35. mN/m. Accordingly, thin layer chromatography (TLC) and FT-IR has been carried out to determine compositional analysis of the produced biosurfactant. After all the tests related to characterization of the biosurfactant produced by the isolated bacterium, it was characterized as lipopeptide derivative. The combination of... 

    The effects of Fe(II) and Fe(III) concentration and initial pH on microbial leaching of low-grade sphalerite ore in a column reactor

    , Article Bioresource Technology ; Volume 99, Issue 8 , 2008 , Pages 2840-2845 ; 09608524 (ISSN) Mousavi, S. M ; Yaghmaei, S ; Vossoughi, M ; Roostaazad, R ; Jafari, A ; Ebrahimi, M ; Chabok, O. H ; Turunen, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study the effects of initial concentration of Fe(II) and Fe(III) ions as well as initial pH on the bioleaching of a low-grade sphalerite ore in a leaching column over a period of 120 days with and without bacteria were investigated. Four different modifications of medium were used as column feed solutions to investigate the effects of initial concentration of Fe(II) and Fe(III) ions on zinc extraction. The experiments were carried out using a bench-scale, column leaching reactor, which was inoculated with mesophilic iron oxidizing bacteria, Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, initially isolated from the Sarcheshmeh chalcopyrite concentrate (Kerman, Iran). The effluent solutions were... 

    Accuracy Quantification of the Reverse Engineering and High-Order Finite Element Analysis of Equine MC3 Forelimb

    , Article Journal of Equine Veterinary Science ; Volume 78 , 2019 , Pages 94-106 ; 07370806 (ISSN) Mouloodi, S ; Rahmanpanah, H ; Burvill, C ; Davies, H. M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    W.B. Saunders  2019
    Shape is a key factor in influencing mechanical responses of bones. Considered to be smart viscoelastic and inhomogeneous materials, bones are stimulated to change shape (model and remodel) when they experience changes in the compressive strain distribution. Using reverse engineering techniques via computer-aided design (CAD) is crucial to create a virtual environment to investigate the significance of shape in biomechanical engineering. Nonetheless, data are lacking to quantify the accuracy of generated models and to address errors in finite element analysis (FEA). In the present study, reverse engineering through extrapolating cross-sectional slices was used to reconstruct the diaphysis of... 

    Disc size markedly influences concentration profiles of intravenously administered solutes in the intervertebral disc: A computational study on glucosamine as a model solute

    , Article European Spine Journal ; Vol. 23, issue. 4 , April , 2014 , p. 715-723 Motaghinasab, S ; Shirazi-Adl, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Urban, J. P. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Purpose: Tests on animals of different species with large differences in intervertebral disc size are commonly used to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of intravenously injected solutes in the disc. We hypothesize that disc size markedly affects outcome. Methods: Here, using a small non-metabolized molecule, glucosamine (GL) as a model solute, we calculate the influence of disc size on transport of GL into rat, rabbit, dog and human discs for 10 h post intravenous-injection. We used transient finite element models and considered an identical GL supply for all animals. Results: Huge effects of disc size on GL concentration profiles were found. Post-injection GL concentration in the rat...