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Simultaneous decolorization and bioelectricity generation in a dual chamber microbial fuel cell using electropolymerized-enzymatic cathode
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Simultaneous decolorization and bioelectricity generation in a dual chamber microbial fuel cell using electropolymerized-enzymatic cathode

Savizi, I. S. P

Simultaneous decolorization and bioelectricity generation in a dual chamber microbial fuel cell using electropolymerized-enzymatic cathode

Savizi, I. S. P ; Sharif University of Technology | 2012

1392 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1021/es300367h
  3. Publisher: 2012
  4. Abstract:
  5. Effect of cathodic enzymatic decolorization of reactive blue 221 (RB221) on the performance of a dual-chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC) was investigated. Immobilized laccase on the surface of a modified graphite electrode was used in the cathode compartment in order to decolorize the azo dye and enhance the oxygen reduction reaction. First, methylene blue which is an electroactive polymer was electropolymerized on the surface of a graphite bar to prepare the modified electrode. Utilization of the modified electrode with no enzyme in the MFC increased the power density up to 57% due to the reduction of internal resistance from 1000 to 750 Ω. Using the electropolymerized-enzymatic cathode resulted in 65% improvement of the power density and a decolorization efficiency of 74%. Laccase could act as a biocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction along with catalyzing RB221 decolorization. Treatment of RB221 with immobilized laccase reduced its toxicity up to 5.2%. Degradation products of RB221 were identified using GC-MS, and the decomposition pathway was proposed. A discussion was also provided as to the mechanism of dye decolorization on the enhancement of the MFC performance. (Figure Presented)
  6. Keywords:
  7. Decomposition pathway ; Degradation products ; Dye decolorization ; Electro-active polymers ; Internal resistance ; Laccases ; Modified electrodes ; Modified graphite electrodes ; Oxygen reduction reaction ; Power densities ; Aromatic compounds ; Azo dyes ; Bioelectric phenomena ; Conducting polymers ; Degradation ; Electrolytic reduction ; Electrophysiology ; Enzyme electrodes ; Graphite electrodes ; Microbial fuel cells ; Cathodes ; Azo dye ; Qraphite ; Laccase ; Methylene blue ; Polymer ; Biodegradation ; Catalyst ; Dye ; Electricity generation ; Enzyme activity ; Fuel cell ; Microbial activity ; Oxygen ; Biocatalyst ; Bioenergy ; Bioremediation ; catalysis ; Cathode ray tube ; Controlled study ; Decolorization ; Effluent ; Electrode ; Electropolymerization ; Enzymatic cathode ; Enzyme immobilization ; Microbial fuel cell ; Oxidation reduction reaction ; polymerization ; Surface property ; Bioelectric Energy Sources ; Color ; Electricity ; Electrodes ; Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry ; Polymers
  8. Source: Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 46, Issue 12 , 2012 , Pages 6584-6593 ; 0013936X (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es300367h