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Glassy carbon electrodes modified with a film of nanodiamond-graphite/chitosan: Application to the highly sensitive electrochemical determination of Azathioprine
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Glassy carbon electrodes modified with a film of nanodiamond-graphite/chitosan: Application to the highly sensitive electrochemical determination of Azathioprine

Shahrokhian, S

Glassy carbon electrodes modified with a film of nanodiamond-graphite/chitosan: Application to the highly sensitive electrochemical determination of Azathioprine

Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology | 2010

452 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2010.01.099
  3. Publisher: 2010
  4. Abstract:
  5. A novel modified glassy carbon electrode with a film of nanodiamond-graphite/chitosan is constructed and used for the sensitive voltammetric determination of azathioprine (Aza). The surface morphology and thickness of the film modifier are characterized using atomic force microscopy. The electrochemical response characteristics of the electrode toward Aza are investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry. The modified electrode showed an efficient catalytic role for the electrochemical reduction of Aza, leading to a remarkable decrease in reduction overpotential and enhancement of the kinetics of the electrode reaction with a significant increase of peak current. The effects of experimental variables, such as the deposited amount of modifier suspension, the pH of the supporting electrolyte, the accumulation potential and time were investigated. Under optimal conditions, the modified electrode showed a wide linear response to the concentration of Aza in the range of 0.2-100 μM with a detection limit of 65 nM. The prepared modified electrode showed several advantages: simple preparation method, high stability and uniformity in the composite film, high sensitivity, excellent catalytic activity in physiological conditions and good reproducibility. The modified electrode can be successfully applied to the accurate determination of trace amounts of Aza in pharmaceutical and clinical preparations
  6. Keywords:
  7. Azathioprine ; Modified electrode ; Modified electrodes ; Nano diamond ; Nanodiamond-graphite ; Atomic force microscopy ; Chemical detection ; Chitin ; Chitosan ; Composite films ; Diamonds ; Electrodes ; Electrolytic reduction ; Film preparation ; Glass membrane electrodes ; Glassy carbon ; Graphite ; pH effects ; Reaction kinetics ; Scanning electron microscopy ; Trace analysis ; Cyclic voltammetry
  8. Source: Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 55, Issue 11 , 2010 , Pages 3621-3627 ; 00134686 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S001346861000188X