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Inverse emulsion polymerization of triple monomers of acrylamide, maleic anhydride, and styrene to achieve highly hydrophilic–hydrophobic modified polyacrylamide

Lalehgani, Z ; Sharif University of Technology | 2019

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1002/app.47753
  3. Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc , 2019
  4. Abstract:
  5. The purpose of this study was the production of copolymers and terpolymers with highly hydrophilic–hydrophobic properties, using inexpensive and available monomers as potential enhancing oil recovery (EOR) and water production control agents for high-temperature and high-salinity (HTHS) oil reservoirs. For this purpose, several copolymers and terpolymers with different molar percentage of acrylamide/styrene, acrylamide/maleic anhydride, and acrylamide/styrene/maleic anhydride were synthesized by the inverse emulsion polymerization technique. The presence of hydrophobic styrene and hydrophilic maleic anhydride monomers in the copolymer and terpolymer structure, provided some unique properties compared to polyacrylamide, was confirmed by several analyses including HNMR, elemental analysis, FTIR, SEM, TGA, and DSC. Simulating HTHS oil reservoir condition under high salinity, temperature, and shear rate, the rheological studies suggested unlike traditional EOR agents such as polyacrylamide, the viscosity of the copolymer, and terpolymer aqueous solutions showed a considerable increase after a critical polymer concentration and less reduction with the salt increment at both ambient and elevated temperatures. Furthermore, the swelling ratio of the insoluble terpolymers measured versus the time and temperature in salt water increased with the maleic anhydride mole fraction, decreased with the salt concentration, and showed a maximum value at around 57 °C. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2019, 136, 47753. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
  6. Keywords:
  7. Modified polyacrylamide ; Amides ; Emulsification ; Emulsion polymerization ; Enhanced recovery ; Hydrophilicity ; Hydrophobicity ; Maleic anhydride ; Petroleum reservoir engineering ; Petroleum reservoirs ; Production control ; Rheology ; Styrene ; Swelling ; Elevated temperature ; Hydrophobic properties ; Inverse emulsion polymerization ; Modified polyacrylamides ; Polymer concentrations ; Rheological studies ; Salt concentration ; Water production ; Terpolymers
  8. Source: Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 136, Issue 29 , 2019 ; 00218995 (ISSN)
  9. URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/app.47753