Loading...

Highly sensitive voltammetric determination of lamotrigine at highly oriented pyrolytic graphite electrode

Saberi, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology | 2012

2422 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2011.10.008
  3. Publisher: 2012
  4. Abstract:
  5. The electrochemical behavior of lamotrigine (LMT) at the pyrolytic graphite electrode (PGE) is investigated in detail by the means of cyclic voltammetry. During the electrochemical reduction of LMT, an irreversible cathodic peak appeared. Cyclic voltammetric studies indicated that the reduction process has an irreversible and adsorption-like behavior. The observed reduction peak is attributed to a two-electron process referring to the reduction of azo group. The electrode showed an excellent electrochemical activity toward the electro-reduction of LMT, leading to a significant improvement in sensitivity as compared to the glassy carbon electrode. The results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry showed that edge-plane pyrolytic graphite electrode has excellent electrochemical response properties toward LMTs with respect to glassy carbon electrode modified with carbon nanotubes. High sensitivity, low detection limit and very good repeatability together with excellent recovery make the electrode as a powerful devise for accurate determination of LMT in pharmaceutical and biological samples
  6. Keywords:
  7. Carbon nanotubes ; Glassy carbon electrode ; Lamotrigine ; Modified electrodes ; Pyrrolytic graphite electrode ; Azo group ; Biological samples ; Cathodic peak ; Edge-plane pyrolytic graphite ; Electro reduction ; Electrochemical activities ; Electrochemical behaviors ; Electrochemical reductions ; Electrochemical response ; Glassy carbon electrodes ; High sensitivity ; Highly oriented pyrolytic graphite electrodes ; Highly sensitive ; Low detection limit ; Pyrolytic graphite electrodes ; Reduction peak ; Reduction process ; Two-electron process ; Voltammetric determination ; Voltammetric studies ; Adsorption ; Cyclic voltammetry ; Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy ; Electrochemical properties ; Electrolytic reduction ; Glass membrane electrodes ; Graphite ; Graphite electrodes ; Pyrolysis ; Glassy carbon ; Azo compound ; multi walled nanotube ; Blood sampling ; Controlled study ; Cyclic potentiometry ; Drug determination ; Electrochemical analysis ; Electrode ; Electron ; Human ; Limit of detection ; Sensitivity analysis ; Anticonvulsants ; Carbon ; Electrochemistry ; Electrodes ; Graphite ; Limit of Detection ; Quality Control ; Triazines
  8. Source: Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 84 , 2012 , Pages 38-43 ; 15675394 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1567539411001721